Chemical Component Summary

Name4-(dibenzo[1,2-a:2',1'-d][7]annulen-11-ylidene)-1-methyl-piperidine
SynonymsCyproheptadine
Identifiers4-(dibenzo[1,2-a:2',1'-d][7]annulen-11-ylidene)-1-methyl-piperidine
FormulaC21 H21 N
Molecular Weight287.40
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCN1CCC(=C2c3ccccc3C=Cc4c2cccc4)CC1
InChIInChI=1S/C21H21N/c1-22-14-12-18(13-15-22)21-19-8-4-2-6-16(19)10-11-17-7-3-5-9-20(17)21/h2-11H,12-15H2,1H3
InChIKeyJJCFRYNCJDLXIK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count43
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count46
Aromatic Bond Count12

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00434 
NameCyproheptadine
Groupsapproved
DescriptionCyproheptadine is a potent competitive antagonist of both serotonin and histamine receptors.[L32474] It is used primarily to treat allergic symptoms, though it is perhaps more notable for its use in appetite stimulation[L32519] and its off-label use in the treatment of serotonin syndrome.[A231274]
Synonyms
  • 1-Methyl-4-(5H-dibenzo(a,d)cycloheptenylidene)piperidine
  • Cyproheptadinum
  • Cyproheptadine
  • 4-Dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-ylidene-1-methyl-piperidine
  • Cyproheptadin
Brand Names
  • PMS-cyproheptadine HCl Tab 4mg
  • Periactin Tab 4mg
  • Sandoz Cyproheptadine Tablet
  • Jamp Cyproheptadine Syrup
  • Sandoz Cyproheptadine
IndicationIn the US, prescription cyproheptadine is indicated for the treatment of various allergic symptomatologies - including dermatographia, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and urticaria - as well as adjunctive therapy in the management of anaphylaxis following treatment with epinephrine.[L32474] In Canada, cyproheptadine is available over-the-counter and is indicated for the treatment of pruritus and for appetite stimulation.[L32519] In Australia, cyproheptadine is additionally indicated for the treatment vascular headaches.[L32479] Cyproheptadine is also used off-label for the treatment of serotonin syndrome.[A231274]
Categories
  • Agents producing tachycardia
  • Agents that reduce seizure threshold
  • Anti-Allergic Agents
  • Anticholinergic Agents
  • Antidepressive Agents
ATC-CodeR06AX02
CAS number129-03-3

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Histamine H1 receptorMSLPNSSCLLEDKMCEGNKTTMASPQLMPLVVVLSTICLVTVGLNLLVLY...unknownantagonist
Histamine H2 receptorMAPNGTASSFCLDSTACKITITVVLAVLILITVAGNVVVCLAVGLNRRLR...unknownantagonist
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2AMDILCEENTSLSSTTNSLMQLNDDTRLYSNDFNSGEANTSDAFNWTVDSE...unknownantagonist
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2BMALSYRVSELQSTIPEHILQSTFVHVISSNWSGLQTESIPEEMKQIVEEQ...unknownantagonist
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2CMVNLRNAVHSFLVHLIGLLVWQCDISVSPVAAIVTDIFNTSDGGRFKFPD...unknownantagonist
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDCYPHEP
PubChem2913
ChEBICHEBI:4046
ChEMBLCHEMBL516
PharosCHEMBL516