Chemical Component Summary

Name(+)-4-ETHYLAMINO-3,4-DIHYDRO-2-(METHOXY)PROPYL-2H-THIENO[3,2-E]-1,2-THIAZINE-6-SULFONAMIDE-1,1-DIOXIDE
SynonymsBrinzolamide
Identifiers(4R)-4-(ethylamino)-2-(3-methoxypropyl)-1,1-bis(oxidanylidene)-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-e][1,2]thiazine-6-sulfonamide
FormulaC12 H21 N3 O5 S3
Molecular Weight383.51
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCCN[C@H]1CN(S(=O)(=O)c2c1cc(s2)S(=O)(=O)N)CCCOC
InChIInChI=1S/C12H21N3O5S3/c1-3-14-10-8-15(5-4-6-20-2)23(18,19)12-9(10)7-11(21-12)22(13,16)17/h7,10,14H,3-6,8H2,1-2H3,(H2,13,16,17)/t10-/m0/s1
InChIKeyHCRKCZRJWPKOAR-JTQLQIEISA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count44
Chiral Atom Count1
Bond Count45
Aromatic Bond Count5

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01194 
NameBrinzolamide
Groupsapproved
DescriptionBrinzolamide is a highly specific, non-competitive, reversible carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is an enzyme found in many tissues of the body including the eye. It catalyzes the reversible reaction involving the hydration of carbon dioxide and the dehydration of carbonic acid. In humans, carbonic anhydrase exists as a number of isoenzymes, the most active being carbonic anhydrase II (CA-II). Inhibition of carbonic anhydrase in the ciliary processes of the eye decreases aqueous humor secretion, presumably by slowing the formation of bicarbonate ions with subsequent reduction in sodium and fluid transport. The result is a reduction in intraocular pressure. Brinzolamide is indicated in the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma.
Synonyms
  • Brinzolamide
  • Brinzolamida
Brand Names
  • Azarga
  • Sandoz Brinzolamide
  • Simbrinza
  • Azopt
  • Brinzolamide
IndicationFor the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma.
Categories
  • Amides
  • Antiglaucoma Preparations and Miotics
  • Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Substrates
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A4 Substrates
ATC-Code
  • S01EC54
  • S01EC04
  • G01AE10
CAS number138890-62-7

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Carbonic anhydrase 2MSHHWGYGKHNGPEHWHKDFPIAKGERQSPVDIDTHTAKYDPSLKPLSVS...unknowninhibitor
Carbonic anhydrase 1MASPDWGYDDKNGPEQWSKLYPIANGNNQSPVDIKTSETKHDTSLKPISV...unknowninhibitor
Carbonic anhydrase 4MRMLLALLALSAARPSASAESHWCYEVQAESSNYPCLVPVKWGGNCQKDR...unknowninhibitor
Carbonic anhydrase 5A, mitochondrialMLGRNTWKTSAFSFLVEQMWAPLWSRSMRPGRWCSQRSCAWQTSNNTLHP...unknowninhibitor
Carbonic anhydrase 3MAKEWGYASHNGPDHWHELFPNAKGENQSPVELHTKDIRHDPSLQPWSVS...unknowninhibitor
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDAKOFUD
PubChem68844
ChEBICHEBI:3176
ChEMBLCHEMBL220491
PharosCHEMBL220491