Chemical Component Summary

NameASCORBIC ACID
Identifiers(5R)-5-[(1S)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl]-3,4-dihydroxy-5H-furan-2-one
FormulaC6 H8 O6
Molecular Weight176.12
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@H](O)[C@H]1OC(=O)C(O)=C1O
InChIInChI=1S/C6H8O6/c7-1-2(8)5-3(9)4(10)6(11)12-5/h2,5,7-10H,1H2/t2-,5+/m0/s1
InChIKeyCIWBSHSKHKDKBQ-JLAZNSOCSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count20
Chiral Atom Count2
Chiral AtomsC4, C5
Bond Count20
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00126 Different stereochemistry
NameVitamin C
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionA six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • acide ascorbique
  • ácido ascórbico
  • acidum ascorbicum
  • acidum ascorbinicum
  • Ascorbate
SaltsSodium ascorbate
Brand Names
  • A & C Powder
  • Acerotab
  • Acetabolan III Vitamin and Mineral Supplement
  • Acetabolan-II Vitamin and Minera
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationUsed to treat vitamin C deficiency, scurvy, delayed wound and bone healing, urine acidification, and in general as an antioxidant. It has also been suggested to be an effective antiviral agent.
PharmacologyAscorbic Acid (vitamin C) is a water-soluble vitamin indicated for the prevention and treatment of scurvy, as ascorbic acid deficiency results in scurvy. Collagenous structures are primarily affected, and lesions develop in bones and blood vessels. Administration of ascorbic acid completely reverses the symptoms of ascorbic acid deficiency.
Mechanism of actionIn humans, an exogenous source of ascorbic acid is required for collagen formation and tissue repair by acting as a cofactor in the posttranslational formation of 4-hydroxyproline in -Xaa-Pro-Gly- sequences in collagens and other proteins. Ascorbic acid is reversibly oxidized to dehydroascorbic acid in the body. These two forms of the vitamin are believed to be important in oxidation-reduction reactions. The vitamin is involved in tyrosine metabolism, conversion of folic acid to folinic acid, carbohydrate metabolism, synthesis of lipids and proteins, iron metabolism, resistance to infections, and cellular respiration.
Route of administration
  • Intramuscular; Intravenous
  • Intramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
  • Intravenous
  • Oral
  • Topical
CategoriesGastrointestinal Acidifying Agents
AHFS-Code
  • 88:04.00
  • 88:12.00
CAS number50-81-7

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Prolyl 3-hydroxylase 2MRERIWAPPLLLLLPLLLPPPLWGGPPDSPRRELELEPGPLQPFDLLYAS...unknown
Trimethyllysine dioxygenase, mitochondrialMWYHRLSHLHSRLQDLLKGGVIYPALPQPNFKSLLPLAVHWHHTASKSLT...unknown
Hyaluronate lyaseMQTKTKKLIVSLSSLVLSGFLLNHYMTIGAEETTTNTIQQSQKEVQYQQR...unknown
Transmembrane prolyl 4-hydroxylaseMAAAAVTGQRPETAAAEEASRPQWAPPDHCQAQAAAGLGDGEDAPVRPLC...unknown
Procollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 3MTSSGPGPRFLLLLPLLLPPAASASDRPRGRDPVNPEKLLVITVATAETE...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682