7CN7

T4 phage spackle protein gp61.3 complex with lysozyme domain of gp5 tail lysozyme


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.121 
  • R-Value Work: 0.107 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.108 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure and Function of the T4 Spackle Protein Gp61.3.

Kanamaru, S.Uchida, K.Nemoto, M.Fraser, A.Arisaka, F.Leiman, P.G.

(2020) Viruses 12

  • DOI: 10.3390/v12101070
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7CN6, 7CN7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The bacteriophage T4 genome contains two genes that code for proteins with lysozyme activity- e and 5 . Gene e encodes the well-known T4 lysozyme (commonly called T4L) that functions to break the peptidoglycan layer late in the infection cycle, which is required for liberating newly assembled phage progeny ...

    The bacteriophage T4 genome contains two genes that code for proteins with lysozyme activity- e and 5 . Gene e encodes the well-known T4 lysozyme (commonly called T4L) that functions to break the peptidoglycan layer late in the infection cycle, which is required for liberating newly assembled phage progeny. Gene product 5 (gp5) is the tail-associated lysozyme, a component of the phage particle. It forms a spike at the tip of the tail tube and functions to pierce the outer membrane of the Escherichia coli host cell after the phage has attached to the cell surface. Gp5 contains a T4L-like lysozyme domain that locally digests the peptidoglycan layer upon infection. The T4 Spackle protein (encoded by gene 61.3 ) has been thought to play a role in the inhibition of gp5 lysozyme activity and, as a consequence, in making cells infected by bacteriophage T4 resistant to later infection by T4 and closely related phages. Here we show that (1) gp61.3 is secreted into the periplasm where its N-terminal periplasm-targeting peptide is cleaved off; (2) gp61.3 forms a 1:1 complex with the lysozyme domain of gp5 (gp5Lys); (3) gp61.3 selectively inhibits the activity of gp5, but not that of T4L; (4) overexpression of gp5 causes cell lysis. We also report a crystal structure of the gp61.3-gp5Lys complex that demonstrates that unlike other known lysozyme inhibitors, gp61.3 does not interact with the active site cleft. Instead, it forms a "wall" that blocks access of an extended polysaccharide substrate to the cleft and, possibly, locks the enzyme in an "open-jaw"-like conformation making catalysis impossible.


    Organizational Affiliation

    École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Institute of Physics of Biological Systems, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Baseplate central spike complex protein gp5 A181Escherichia virus T4Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 5
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P16009 (Enterobacteria phage T4)
Explore P16009 
Go to UniProtKB:  P16009
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Protein spackle C75Escherichia virus T4Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: sp61.3
Find proteins for P39230 (Enterobacteria phage T4)
Explore P39230 
Go to UniProtKB:  P39230
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.121 
  • R-Value Work: 0.107 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.108 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.72α = 90
b = 69.18β = 90
c = 83.82γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)Japan23121538
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)Japan18H05421

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-10-14
    Type: Initial release