Conformational plasticity of the VEEV macro domain is important for binding of ADP-ribose.Makrynitsa, G.I., Ntonti, D., Marousis, K.D., Birkou, M., Matsoukas, M.T., Asami, S., Bentrop, D., Papageorgiou, N., Canard, B., Coutard, B., Spyroulias, G.A.
(2019) J Struct Biol 206: 119-127
- PubMed: 30825649
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2019.02.008
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- NMR study of non-structural proteins--part II: (1)H, (13)C, (15)N backbone and side-chain resonance assignment of macro domain from Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV).
Makrynitsa, G.I., Ntonti, D., Marousis, K.D., Tsika, A.C., Lichiere, J., Papageorgiou, N., Coutard, B., Bentrop, D., Spyroulias, G.A.
(2015) Biomol NMR Assign 9: 247
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is a new world alphavirus which can be involved in several central nervous system disorders such as encephalitis and meningitis. The VEEV genome codes for 4 non-structural proteins (nsP), of which nsP3 contains a Macro domain ...
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is a new world alphavirus which can be involved in several central nervous system disorders such as encephalitis and meningitis. The VEEV genome codes for 4 non-structural proteins (nsP), of which nsP3 contains a Macro domain. Macro domains (MD) can be found as stand-alone proteins or embedded within larger proteins in viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes. Their most common feature is the binding of ADP-ribose (ADPr), while several macro domains act as ribosylation writers, erasers or readers. Alphavirus MD erase ribosylation but their precise contribution in viral replication is still under investigation. NMR-driven titration experiments of ADPr in solution with the VEEV macro domain (in apo- and complex state) show that it adopts a suitable conformation for ADPr binding. Specific experiments indicate that the flexibility of the loops β5-α3 and α3-β6 is critical for formation of the complex and assists a wrapping mechanism for ADPr binding. Furthermore, along with this sequence of events, the VEEV MD undergoes a conformational exchange process between the apo state and a low-populated "dark" conformational state.
Department of Pharmacy, University of Patras, GR-26504, Greece. Electronic address: G.A.Spyroulias@upatras.gr.