Structure of the C-Terminal Domain of the Multifunctional ICP27 Protein from Herpes Simplex Virus 1.Patel, V., Dahlroth, S.L., Rajakannan, V., Ho, H.T., Cornvik, T., Nordlund, P.
(2015) J Virol 89: 8828-8839
- PubMed: 26085142
- DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00441-15
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Herpesviruses are nuclear-replicating viruses that have successfully evolved to evade the immune system of humans, establishing lifelong infections. ICP27 from herpes simplex virus is a multifunctional regulatory protein that is functionally conserve ...
Herpesviruses are nuclear-replicating viruses that have successfully evolved to evade the immune system of humans, establishing lifelong infections. ICP27 from herpes simplex virus is a multifunctional regulatory protein that is functionally conserved in all known human herpesviruses. It has the potential to interact with an array of cellular proteins, as well as intronless viral RNAs. ICP27 plays an essential role in viral transcription, nuclear export of intronless RNAs, translation of viral transcripts, and virion host shutoff function. It has also been implicated in several signaling pathways and the prevention of apoptosis. Although much is known about its central role in viral replication and infection, very little is known about the structure and mechanistic properties of ICP27 and its homologs. We present the first crystal structure of ICP27 C-terminal domain at a resolution of 2.0 Å. The structure reveals the C-terminal half of ICP27 to have a novel fold consisting of α-helices and long loops, along with a unique CHCC-type of zinc-binding motif. The two termini of this domain extend from the central core and hint to possibilities of making interactions. ICP27 essential domain is capable of forming self-dimers as seen in the structure, which is confirmed by analytical ultracentrifugation study. Preliminary in vitro phosphorylation assays reveal that this domain may be regulated by cellular kinases.
Structural Biology and Biochemistry Division, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, A*STAR, Singapore Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden firstname.lastname@example.org.