4ZHR

Structure of HIV-1 RT Q151M mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 

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Literature

Structure of the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase Q151M mutant: insights into the inhibitor resistance of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and the structure of the nucleotide-binding pocket of Hepatitis B virus polymerase.

Nakamura, A.Tamura, N.Yasutake, Y.

(2015) Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun 71: 1384-1390

  • DOI: 10.1107/S2053230X15017896
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4ZHR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Hepatitis B virus polymerase (HBV Pol) is an important target for anti-HBV drug development; however, its low solubility and stability in vitro has hindered detailed structural studies. Certain nucleotide reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors (NRTIs) suc ...

    Hepatitis B virus polymerase (HBV Pol) is an important target for anti-HBV drug development; however, its low solubility and stability in vitro has hindered detailed structural studies. Certain nucleotide reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors (NRTIs) such as tenofovir and lamivudine can inhibit both HBV Pol and Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) RT, leading to speculation on structural and mechanistic analogies between the deoxynucleotide triphosphate (dNTP)-binding sites of these enzymes. The Q151M mutation in HIV-1 RT, located at the dNTP-binding site, confers resistance to various NRTIs, while maintaining sensitivity to tenofovir and lamivudine. The residue corresponding to Gln151 is strictly conserved as a methionine in HBV Pol. Therefore, the structure of the dNTP-binding pocket of the HIV-1 RT Q151M mutant may reflect that of HBV Pol. Here, the crystal structure of HIV-1 RT Q151M, determined at 2.6 Å resolution, in a new crystal form with space group P321 is presented. Although the structure of HIV-1 RT Q151M superimposes well onto that of HIV-1 RT in a closed conformation, a slight movement of the β-strands (β2-β3) that partially create the dNTP-binding pocket was observed. This movement might be caused by the introduction of the bulky thioether group of Met151. The structure also highlighted the possibility that the hydrogen-bonding network among amino acids and NRTIs is rearranged by the Q151M mutation, leading to a difference in the affinity of NRTIs for HIV-1 RT and HBV Pol.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Bioproduction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 2-17-2-1 Tsukisamu-Higashi, Toyohira, Sapporo, Hokkaido 062-8517, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RT p66 subunit A562Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.49 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.7 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.26.13 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.23.16 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P12497 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate NY5))
Explore P12497 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12497
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RT p51 subunit B438Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.49 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.7 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.23.16 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P12497 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate NY5))
Explore P12497 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12497
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 
  • Space Group: P 3 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 145.737α = 90
b = 145.737β = 90
c = 118.395γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Ministry of Health, Labour and WelfareJapan--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-11-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-27
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations