Structure and Mechanism of Zn(2+)-Transporting P-Type Atpases.Wang, K., Sitsel, O., Meloni, G., Autzen, H.E., Andersson, M., Klymchuk, T., Nielsen, A.M., Rees, D.C., Nissen, P., Gourdon, P.
(2014) Nature 514: 518
- PubMed: 25132545
- DOI: 10.1038/nature13618
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Zinc is an essential micronutrient for all living organisms. It is required for signalling and proper functioning of a range of proteins involved in, for example, DNA binding and enzymatic catalysis. In prokaryotes and photosynthetic eukaryotes, Zn(2 ...
Zinc is an essential micronutrient for all living organisms. It is required for signalling and proper functioning of a range of proteins involved in, for example, DNA binding and enzymatic catalysis. In prokaryotes and photosynthetic eukaryotes, Zn(2+)-transporting P-type ATPases of class IB (ZntA) are crucial for cellular redistribution and detoxification of Zn(2+) and related elements. Here we present crystal structures representing the phosphoenzyme ground state (E2P) and a dephosphorylation intermediate (E2·Pi) of ZntA from Shigella sonnei, determined at 3.2 Å and 2.7 Å resolution, respectively. The structures reveal a similar fold to Cu(+)-ATPases, with an amphipathic helix at the membrane interface. A conserved electronegative funnel connects this region to the intramembranous high-affinity ion-binding site and may promote specific uptake of cellular Zn(2+) ions by the transporter. The E2P structure displays a wide extracellular release pathway reaching the invariant residues at the high-affinity site, including C392, C394 and D714. The pathway closes in the E2·Pi state, in which D714 interacts with the conserved residue K693, which possibly stimulates Zn(2+) release as a built-in counter ion, as has been proposed for H(+)-ATPases. Indeed, transport studies in liposomes provide experimental support for ZntA activity without counter transport. These findings suggest a mechanistic link between PIB-type Zn(2+)-ATPases and PIII-type H(+)-ATPases and at the same time show structural features of the extracellular release pathway that resemble PII-type ATPases such as the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) and Na(+), K(+)-ATPase. These findings considerably increase our understanding of zinc transport in cells and represent new possibilities for biotechnology and biomedicine.
1] Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease (PUMPkin), Danish National Research Foundation, Aarhus University, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Gustav Wieds Vej 10C, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark  Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark (K.W. and P.G.); Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, Sölvegatan 19, SE-221 84 Lund, Sweden (P.G.).