4PIC

YwlE arginine phosphatase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Chasing phosphoarginine proteins: development of a selective enrichment method using a phosphatase trap.

Trentini, D.B.Fuhrmann, J.Mechtler, K.Clausen, T.

(2014) Mol Cell Proteomics 

  • DOI: 10.1074/mcp.O113.035790
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4PIC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Arginine phosphorylation is an emerging post-translational protein modification implicated in the bacterial stress response. Although early reports suggested that arginine phosphorylation also occurs in higher eukaryotes, its overall prevalence was never studied using modern mass spectrometry methods, owing to technical difficulties arising from the acid lability of phosphoarginine ...

    Arginine phosphorylation is an emerging post-translational protein modification implicated in the bacterial stress response. Although early reports suggested that arginine phosphorylation also occurs in higher eukaryotes, its overall prevalence was never studied using modern mass spectrometry methods, owing to technical difficulties arising from the acid lability of phosphoarginine. As shown recently, the McsB and YwlE proteins from Bacillus subtilis function as a highly specific protein arginine kinase and phosphatase couple, shaping the phosphoarginine proteome. Using a B. subtilis ΔywlE strain as a source for arginine-phosphorylated proteins, we were able to adapt mass spectrometry (MS) protocols to the special chemical properties of the arginine modification. Despite this progress, the analysis of protein arginine phosphorylation in eukaryotes is still challenging, given the great abundance of serine/threonine phosphorylations that would compete with phosphoarginine during the phosphopeptide enrichment procedure, as well as during data-dependent MS acquisition. We thus set out to establish a method for the selective enrichment of arginine-phosphorylated proteins as an initial step in the phosphoproteomic analysis. For this purpose, we developed a substrate-trapping mutant of the YwlE phosphatase that retains binding affinity toward arginine-phosphorylated proteins but cannot hydrolyze the captured substrates. By testing a number of active site substitutions, we identified a YwlE mutant (C9A) that stably binds to arginine-phosphorylated proteins. We further improved the substrate-trapping efficiency by impeding the oligomerization of the phosphatase mutant. The engineered YwlE trap efficiently captured arginine-phosphorylated proteins from complex B. subtilis ΔywlE cell extracts, thus facilitating identification of phosphoarginine sites in the large pool of cellular protein modifications. In conclusion, we present a novel tool for the selective enrichment and subsequent MS analysis of arginine phosphorylation, which is a largely overlooked protein modification that might be important for eukaryotic cell signaling.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the ‡Research Institute of Molecular Pathology - IMP, Dr. Bohr-Gasse 7, A-1030 Vienna, Austria; mechtler@imp.ac.at clausen@imp.ac.at.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Arginine phosphatase Ywle AB156Geobacillus stearothermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ywle
EC: 3.9.1.2
Find proteins for S0F332 (Geobacillus stearothermophilus)
Explore S0F332 
Go to UniProtKB:  S0F332
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 44.434α = 90
b = 75.753β = 92.37
c = 47.717γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-05-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-22
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Other, Refinement description, Source and taxonomy