4FUQ

Crystal structure of apo MatB from Rhodopseudomonas palustris


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.158 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.160 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure-Guided Expansion of the Substrate Range of Methylmalonyl Coenzyme A Synthetase (MatB) of Rhodopseudomonas palustris.

Crosby, H.A.Rank, K.C.Rayment, I.Escalante-Semerena, J.C.

(2012) Appl Environ Microbiol 78: 6619-6629

  • DOI: 10.1128/AEM.01733-12
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4FUT, 4FUQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Malonyl coenzyme A (malonyl-CoA) and methylmalonyl-CoA are two of the most commonly used extender units for polyketide biosynthesis and are utilized to synthesize a vast array of pharmaceutically relevant products with antibacterial, antiparasitic, a ...

    Malonyl coenzyme A (malonyl-CoA) and methylmalonyl-CoA are two of the most commonly used extender units for polyketide biosynthesis and are utilized to synthesize a vast array of pharmaceutically relevant products with antibacterial, antiparasitic, anticholesterol, anticancer, antifungal, and immunosuppressive properties. Heterologous hosts used for polyketide production such as Escherichia coli often do not produce significant amounts of methylmalonyl-CoA, however, requiring the introduction of other pathways for the generation of this important building block. Recently, the bacterial malonyl-CoA synthetase class of enzymes has been utilized to generate malonyl-CoA and methylmalonyl-CoA directly from malonate and methylmalonate. We demonstrate that in the purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris, MatB (RpMatB) acts as a methylmalonyl-CoA synthetase and is required for growth on methylmalonate. We report the apo (1.7-Å resolution) and ATP-bound (2.0-Å resolution) structure and kinetic analysis of RpMatB, which shows similar activities for both malonate and methylmalonate, making it an ideal enzyme for heterologous polyketide biosynthesis. Additionally, rational, structure-based mutagenesis of the active site of RpMatB led to substantially higher activity with ethylmalonate and butylmalonate, demonstrating that this enzyme is a prime target for expanded substrate specificity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Malonyl CoA synthetaseABCD503Rhodopseudomonas palustris CGA009Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: matBRPA0221
EC: 6.2.1
Find proteins for Q6ND88 (Rhodopseudomonas palustris (strain ATCC BAA-98 / CGA009))
Explore Q6ND88 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6ND88
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B, C, D
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B, C, D
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A,B,C,DL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.158 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.160 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 133.872α = 90
b = 58.813β = 91.66
c = 138.957γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-3000data collection
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-07-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-09-12
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-15
    Changes: Refinement description