3TGX

IL-21:IL21R complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

The crystal structure of the interleukin 21 receptor bound to interleukin 21 reveals that a sugar chain interacting with the WSXWS motif is an integral part of the interleukin 21 receptor.

Hamming, O.J.Kang, L.Svensson, A.Karlsen, J.L.Rahbek-Nielsen, H.Paludan, S.R.Hjorth, S.A.Bondensgaard, K.Hartmann, R.

(2012) J Biol Chem 

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.311084
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3TGX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • IL-21 is a class I cytokine that exerts pleiotropic effects on both innate and adaptive immune responses. It signals through a heterodimeric receptor complex consisting of the IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) and the common γ-chain. A hallmark of the class I cyto ...

    IL-21 is a class I cytokine that exerts pleiotropic effects on both innate and adaptive immune responses. It signals through a heterodimeric receptor complex consisting of the IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) and the common γ-chain. A hallmark of the class I cytokine receptors is the class I cytokine receptor signature motif (WSXWS). The exact role of this motif has not been determined yet; however, it has been implicated in diverse functions, including ligand binding, receptor internalization, proper folding, and export, as well as signal transduction. Furthermore, the WXXW motif is known to be a consensus sequence for C-mannosylation. Here, we present the crystal structure of IL-21 bound to IL-21R and reveal that the WSXWS motif of IL-21R is C-mannosylated at the first tryptophan. We furthermore demonstrate that a sugar chain bridges the two fibronectin domains that constitute the extracellular domain of IL-21R and anchors at the WSXWS motif through an extensive hydrogen bonding network, including mannosylation. The glycan thus transforms the V-shaped receptor into an A-frame. This finding offers a novel structural explanation of the role of the class I cytokine signature motif.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Interleukin-21 receptor ACEGIKMO219Homo sapiensMutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: IL21RNILRUNQ3121/PRO10273
Find proteins for Q9HBE5 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9HBE5 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9HBE5
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q9HBE5
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Interleukin-21 BDFHJLNP134Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: IL21
Find proteins for Q9HBE4 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9HBE4 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9HBE4
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q9HBE4
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[beta-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
Q, R, S, T, U
7 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[beta-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
V, X
6 N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
W
6 N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MAN
Query on MAN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, C, E, G, I, K, M, O
alpha-D-mannopyranose
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, C, E, G, H, I, K, L, M, O
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
NI
Query on NI

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, E, G, O
NICKEL (II) ION
Ni
VEQPNABPJHWNSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 82.23α = 90
b = 151.12β = 90
c = 364.82γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-02-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-20
    Changes: Advisory, Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary