3OAX

Crystal structure of bovine rhodopsin with beta-ionone


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Binding of more than one retinoid to visual opsins

Makino, C.L.Riley, C.K.Looney, J.Crouch, R.K.Okada, T.

(2010) Biophys J 99: 2366-2373

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2010.08.003
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3OAX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Visual opsins bind 11-cis retinal at an orthosteric site to form rhodopsins but increasing evidence suggests that at least some are capable of binding an additional retinoid(s) at a separate, allosteric site(s). Microspectrophotometric measurements o ...

    Visual opsins bind 11-cis retinal at an orthosteric site to form rhodopsins but increasing evidence suggests that at least some are capable of binding an additional retinoid(s) at a separate, allosteric site(s). Microspectrophotometric measurements on isolated, dark-adapted, salamander photoreceptors indicated that the truncated retinal analog, β-ionone, partitioned into the membranes of green-sensitive rods; however, in blue-sensitive rod outer segments, there was an enhanced uptake of four or more β-ionones per rhodopsin. X-ray crystallography revealed binding of one β-ionone to bovine green-sensitive rod rhodopsin. Cocrystallization only succeeded with extremely high concentrations of β-ionone and binding did not alter the structure of rhodopsin from the inactive state. Salamander green-sensitive rod rhodopsin is also expected to bind β-ionone at sufficiently high concentrations because the binding site is present on its surface. Therefore, both blue- and green-sensitive rod rhodopsins have at least one allosteric binding site for retinoid, but β-ionone binds to the latter type of rhodopsin with low affinity and low efficacy.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA. cmakino@meei.harvard.edu



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RhodopsinAB349Bos taurusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: RHO
Find proteins for P02699 (Bos taurus)
Explore P02699 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02699
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C
3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
D, F
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
E
4 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HTG
Query on HTG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
heptyl 1-thio-beta-D-glucopyranoside
C13 H26 O5 S
HPEGNLMTTNTJSP-LBELIVKGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
RET
Query on RET

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A, B
RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

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A, B
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
4E6
Query on 4E6

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A, B
(4E,6E)-hexadeca-1,4,6-triene
C16 H28
OPBISVRDVDRVHM-PTSVWTKZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HG
Query on HG

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A, B
MERCURY (II) ION
Hg
BQPIGGFYSBELGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ID3
Query on ID3

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A, B
(3E)-4-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)but-3-en-2-one
C13 H20 O
PSQYTAPXSHCGMF-BQYQJAHWSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HTO
Query on HTO

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B
HEPTANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C7 H16 O3
HXYCHJFUBNTKQR-RNFRBKRXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 
  • Space Group: P 41
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 96.99α = 90
b = 96.99β = 90
c = 149.8γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-01-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary