Synthesis, crystal structure, and in vitro biological evaluation of C-6 pyrimidine derivatives: new lead structures for monitoring gene expression in vivo.Martic, M., Pernot, L., Westermaier, Y., Perozzo, R., Kraljevic, T.G., Kristafor, S., Raic-Malic, S., Scapozza, L., Ametamey, S.
(2011) Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids 30: 293-315
- PubMed: 21623543
- DOI: 10.1080/15257770.2011.581258
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Nucleoside binding site of herpes simplex type 1 thymidine kinase analyzed by X-ray crystallography.
Vogt, J., Perozzo, R., Pautsch, A., Prota, A., Schelling, P., Pilger, B., Folkers, G., Scapozza, L., Schulz, G.E.
(2000) Proteins 41: 545
- The three-dimensional structure of thymidine kinase from herpes simplex virus type 1.
Wild, K., Bohner, T., Aubry, A., Folkers, G., Schulz, G.E.
(1995) FEBS Lett 368: 289
- Crystal structures of the thymidine kinase from herpes simplex virus type-1 in complex with deoxythymidine and ganciclovir.
Brown, D.G., Visse, R., Sandhu, G., Davies, A., Rizkallah, P.J., Melitz, C., Summers, W.C., Sanderson, M.R.
(1995) Nat Struct Biol 2: 876
Novel C-6 substituted pyrimidine derivatives are good substrates of herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-TK). Enzyme kinetic experiments showed that our lead compound, N-methyl DHBT (N-methyl-6-(1,3-dihydroxyisobutyl) thymine; N-Me DHBT ...
Novel C-6 substituted pyrimidine derivatives are good substrates of herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-TK). Enzyme kinetic experiments showed that our lead compound, N-methyl DHBT (N-methyl-6-(1,3-dihydroxyisobutyl) thymine; N-Me DHBT), is phosphorylated at a similar rate compared to "gold standard" 9-[4-fluoro-3-(hydroxymethyl)butyl]guanine, FHBG, (K(m) = 10 ± 0.3 μM; k(cat) = 0.036 ± 0.015 sec(-1)). Additionally, it does not show cytotoxic properties on B16F1 cells up to a concentration of 10 mM. The x-ray analysis of the crystal structures of HSV1-TK with N-Me DHBT and of HSV1-TK with the fluorinated derivative N-Me FHBT confirmed the binding mode predicted by docking studies and their substrate characteristics. Moreover, the crystal structure of HSV1-TK with N-Me DHBT revealed an additional water-mediated H-bond interesting for the design of further analogues.
Center for Pharmaceutical Science of ETH, PSI and USZ, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.