2XMJ

Visualising the Metal-binding Versatility of Copper Trafficking Sites: Atx1 side-to-side (aerobic)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.149 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Visualizing the Metal-Binding Versatility of Copper Trafficking Sites .

Badarau, A.Firbank, S.J.Mccarthy, A.A.Banfield, M.J.Dennison, C.

(2010) Biochemistry 49: 7798

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi101064w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Molecular systems have evolved to permit the safe delivery of copper. Despite extensive studies, many copper site structures involved in copper homeostasis, even for the well-studied metallochaperone Atx1, remain unresolved. Cyanobacteria import copp ...

    Molecular systems have evolved to permit the safe delivery of copper. Despite extensive studies, many copper site structures involved in copper homeostasis, even for the well-studied metallochaperone Atx1, remain unresolved. Cyanobacteria import copper to their thylakoid compartments for use in photosynthesis and respiration and possess an Atx1 that we show can adopt multiple oligomeric states when metalated, capable of binding up to four copper ions. Two-copper- and four-copper-loaded dimers exist in solution at low micromolar concentrations, and head-to-head and side-to-side arrangements, respectively, can be crystallized, with the latter binding a [Cu(4){mu(2)-S(gamma)(Cys)}(4)Cl(2)](2-) cluster. The His61Tyr mutation on loop 5 weakens head-to-head dimerization, yet a side-to-side dimer binding a similar cluster as in the wild-type protein, but with phenolate coordination, is present. The cognate metal-binding domains (MBDs) of the P-type ATPases CtaA and PacS, which are proposed to donate copper to and accept copper from Atx1, respectively, are monomeric in the presence of copper. The structure of the MBD of Cu(I)-PacS shows a crystallographic trimer arrangement around a [Cu(3){mu(2)-S(gamma)(Cys)}(3){S(gamma)(Cys)}(3)](2-) cluster that is very similar to that found for an alternate form of the His61Tyr Atx1 mutant. Copper transfer from the MBD of CtaA to Atx1 is favorable, but delivery from Atx1 to the MBD of PacS is strongly dependent upon the dimeric form of Atx1. A copper-induced switch in Atx1 dimer structure may have a regulatory role with cluster formation helping to buffer copper.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
SSR2857 PROTEIN
A, B
64Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa)
Find proteins for P73213 (Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa))
Go to UniProtKB:  P73213
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CU
Query on CU

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Download CCD File 
A, B
COPPER (II) ION
Cu
JPVYNHNXODAKFH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.149 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 63.460α = 90.00
b = 41.654β = 107.70
c = 55.832γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
MOSFLMdata reduction
ACORNphasing
SHELXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-08-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-12-14
    Type: Data collection, Version format compliance