Solution Structure of Escherichia coli FeoA and Its Potential Role in Bacterial Ferrous Iron Transport.Lau, C.K., Ishida, H., Liu, Z., Vogel, H.J.
(2013) J.Bacteriol. 195: 46-55
- PubMed: 23104801
- DOI: 10.1128/JB.01121-12
- PubMed Abstract:
Iron is an indispensable nutrient for most organisms. Ferric iron (Fe(3+)) predominates under aerobic conditions, while during oxygen limitation ferrous (Fe(2+)) iron is usually present. The Feo system is a bacterial ferrous iron transport system fir ...
Iron is an indispensable nutrient for most organisms. Ferric iron (Fe(3+)) predominates under aerobic conditions, while during oxygen limitation ferrous (Fe(2+)) iron is usually present. The Feo system is a bacterial ferrous iron transport system first discovered in Escherichia coli K-12. It consists of three genes, feoA, feoB, and feoC (yhgG). FeoB is thought to be the main transmembrane transporter while FeoC is considered to be a transcriptional regulator. Using multidimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, we have determined the solution structure of E. coli FeoA. The structure of FeoA reveals a Src-homology 3 (SH3)-like fold. The structure is composed of a β-barrel with two α-helices where one helix is positioned over the barrel. In comparison to the standard eukaryotic SH3 fold, FeoA has two additional α-helices. FeoA was further characterized by heteronuclear NMR dynamics measurements, which suggest that it is a monomeric, stable globular protein. Model-free analysis of the NMR relaxation results indicates that a slow conformational dynamic process is occurring in β-strand 4 that may be important for function. (31)P NMR-based GTPase activity measurements with the N-terminal domain of FeoB (NFeoB) indicate a higher GTP hydrolysis rate in the presence of potassium than with sodium. Further enzymatic assays with NFeoB suggest that FeoA may not act as a GTPase-activating protein as previously proposed. These findings, together with bioinformatics and structural analyses, suggest that FeoA may have a different role, possibly interacting with the cytoplasmic domain of the highly conserved core portion of the FeoB transmembrane region.
Biochemistry Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.