2KAA

Solution Structure of Hirsutellin A from Hirsutella thompsonii


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Solution structure of hirsutellin A--new insights into the active site and interacting interfaces of ribotoxins.

Viegas, A.Herrero-Galan, E.Onaderra, M.Macedo, A.L.Bruix, M.

(2009) FEBS J 276: 2381-2390

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2009.06970.x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2KAA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Hirsutellin (HtA) is intermediate in size between other ribotoxins and less specific microbial RNases, and thus offers a unique chance to determine the minimal structural requirements for activities unique to ribotoxins. Here, we have determined the stru ...

    Hirsutellin (HtA) is intermediate in size between other ribotoxins and less specific microbial RNases, and thus offers a unique chance to determine the minimal structural requirements for activities unique to ribotoxins. Here, we have determined the structure of HtA by NMR methods. The structure consists of one alpha-helix, a helical turn and seven beta-strands that form an N-terminal hairpin and an anti-parallel beta-sheet, with a characteristic alpha + beta fold and a highly positive charged surface. Compared to its larger homolog alpha-sarcin, the N-terminal hairpin is shorter and less positively charged. The secondary structure elements are connected by large loops with root mean square deviation (rmsd) values > 1 A, suggesting some degree of intrinsically dynamic behavior. The active site architecture of HtA is unique among ribotoxins. Compared to alpha-sarcin, HtA has an aspartate group, D40, replacing a tyrosine, and the aromatic ring of F126, located in the leucine 'environment' close to the catalytic H113 in a similar arrangement to that found in RNase T1. This unique active site structure is discussed in terms of its novel electrostatic interactions to understand the efficient cytotoxic activity of HtA. The contributions of the N-terminal hairpin, loop 2 and loop 5 with regard to protein functionality, protein-protein and protein-ipid interactions, are also discussed. The truncation and reduced charge of the N-terminal hairpin in HtA may be compensated for by the extension and new orientation of its loop 5. This novel orientation of loop 5 re-establishes a positive charge on the side of the molecule that has been shown to be important for intermolecular interactions in ribotoxins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    REQUIMTE-CQFB, Departemento de Quimica, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Hirsutellin A A130Hirsutella thompsoniiMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P78696 (Hirsutella thompsonii)
Explore P78696 
Go to UniProtKB:  P78696
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 
  • OLDERADO: 2KAA Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-11-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2019-10-09
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations