2H9T

Crystal structure of human alpha-thrombin in complex with suramin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and thermodynamic analysis of thrombin:suramin interaction in solution and crystal phases.

Lima, L.M.Becker, C.F.Giesel, G.M.Marques, A.F.Cargnelutti, M.T.de Oliveira Neto, M.Queiroz Monteiro, R.Verli, H.Polikarpov, I.

(2009) Biochim Biophys Acta 1794: 873-881

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2009.03.011
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3BF6, 2H9T

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Suramin is a hexasulfonated naphthylurea which has been recently characterized as a non-competitive inhibitor of human alpha-thrombin activity over fibrinogen, although its binding site and mode of interaction with the enzyme remain elusive. Here, we det ...

    Suramin is a hexasulfonated naphthylurea which has been recently characterized as a non-competitive inhibitor of human alpha-thrombin activity over fibrinogen, although its binding site and mode of interaction with the enzyme remain elusive. Here, we determined two X-ray structure of the thrombin:suramin complex, refined at 2.4 A resolution. While a single thrombin:suramin complex was found in the asymmetric unit cell of the crystal, some of the crystallographic contacts with symmetrically related molecules are mediated by both the enzyme and the ligand. Molecular dynamics simulations with the 1:1 complex demonstrate a large rearrangement of suramin in the complex, but with the protein scaffold and the more extensive protein-ligand regions keep unchanged. Small-angle X-ray scattering measurements at high micromolar concentration demonstrate a suramin-induced dimerization of the enzyme. These data indicating a dissimilar binding mode in the monomeric and oligomeric states, with a monomeric, 1:1 complex to be more likely to exist at the thrombin physiological, nanomolar concentration range. Collectively, close understanding on the structural basis for interaction is given which might establish a basis for design of suramin analogues targeting thrombin.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21941-590, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. mauricio@pharma.ufrj.br



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin L36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin H259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PPACK active site thrombin inhibitor I3N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SVR
Query on SVR

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H
8,8'-[CARBONYLBIS[IMINO-3,1-PHENYLENECARBONYLIMINO(4-METHYL-3,1-PHENYLENE)CARBONYLIMINO]]BIS-1,3,5-NAPHTHALENETRISULFON IC ACID
C51 H40 N6 O23 S6
FIAFUQMPZJWCLV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
SVRIC50 :  20000   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 43.966α = 90
b = 76.202β = 90
c = 113.848γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-05-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance