2C36

Structure of unliganded HSV gD reveals a mechanism for receptor- mediated activation of virus entry


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.11 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structure of unliganded HSV gD reveals a mechanism for receptor-mediated activation of virus entry.

Krummenacher, C.Supekar, V.M.Whitbeck, J.C.Lazear, E.Connolly, S.A.Eisenberg, R.J.Cohen, G.H.Wiley, D.C.Carfi, A.

(2005) EMBO J 24: 4144-4153

  • DOI: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600875
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2C36, 2C3A

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Herpes simplex virus (HSV) entry into cells requires binding of the envelope glycoprotein D (gD) to one of several cell surface receptors. The 50 C-terminal residues of the gD ectodomain are essential for virus entry, but not for receptor binding. We ...

    Herpes simplex virus (HSV) entry into cells requires binding of the envelope glycoprotein D (gD) to one of several cell surface receptors. The 50 C-terminal residues of the gD ectodomain are essential for virus entry, but not for receptor binding. We have determined the structure of an unliganded gD molecule that includes these C-terminal residues. The structure reveals that the C-terminus is anchored near the N-terminal region and masks receptor-binding sites. Locking the C-terminus in the position observed in the crystals by an intramolecular disulfide bond abolished receptor binding and virus entry, demonstrating that this region of gD moves upon receptor binding. Similarly, a point mutant that would destabilize the C-terminus structure was nonfunctional for entry, despite increased affinity for receptors. We propose that a controlled displacement of the gD C-terminus upon receptor binding is an essential feature of HSV entry, ensuring the timely activation of membrane fusion.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
GLYCOPROTEIN D HSV-1AB285Human alphaherpesvirus 1Mutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for P57083 (Human herpesvirus 1 (strain Patton))
Explore P57083 
Go to UniProtKB:  P57083
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C, E
3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
D
3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.11 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 74.252α = 90
b = 106.193β = 90
c = 130.315γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-11-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-07
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2018-07-11
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary
  • Version 3.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary