1XYR

Poliovirus 135S cell entry intermediate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 11.0 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The structure of the poliovirus 135S cell entry intermediate at 10-angstrom resolution reveals the location of an externalized polypeptide that binds to membranes.

Bubeck, D.Filman, D.J.Cheng, N.Steven, A.C.Hogle, J.M.Belnap, D.M.

(2005) J Virol 79: 7745-7755

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.79.12.7745-7755.2005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1XYR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Poliovirus provides a well-characterized system for understanding how nonenveloped viruses enter and infect cells. Upon binding its receptor, poliovirus undergoes an irreversible conformational change to the 135S cell entry intermediate. This transition involves shifts of the capsid protein beta barrels, accompanied by the externalization of VP4 and the N terminus of VP1 ...

    Poliovirus provides a well-characterized system for understanding how nonenveloped viruses enter and infect cells. Upon binding its receptor, poliovirus undergoes an irreversible conformational change to the 135S cell entry intermediate. This transition involves shifts of the capsid protein beta barrels, accompanied by the externalization of VP4 and the N terminus of VP1. Both polypeptides associate with membranes and are postulated to facilitate entry by forming a translocation pore for the viral RNA. We have calculated cryo-electron microscopic reconstructions of 135S particles that permit accurate placement of the beta barrels, loops, and terminal extensions of the capsid proteins. The reconstructions and resulting models indicate that each N terminus of VP1 exits the capsid though an opening in the interface between VP1 and VP3 at the base of the canyon that surrounds the fivefold axis. Comparison with reconstructions of 135S particles in which the first 31 residues of VP1 were proteolytically removed revealed that the externalized N terminus is located near the tips of propeller-like features surrounding the threefold axes rather than at the fivefold axes, as had been proposed in previous models. These observations have forced a reexamination of current models for the role of the 135S particle in transmembrane pore formation and suggest testable alternatives.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Genome polyprotein, Coat protein VP1 1232Human poliovirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.22.29 (UniProt), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.4.22.28 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03300 (Poliovirus type 1 (strain Mahoney))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P03300
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Genome polyprotein, Coat protein VP2 2237Human poliovirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.22.29 (UniProt), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.4.22.28 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03300 (Poliovirus type 1 (strain Mahoney))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P03300
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Genome polyprotein, Coat protein VP3 3182Human poliovirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.22.29 (UniProt), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.4.22.28 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03300 (Poliovirus type 1 (strain Mahoney))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P03300
Protein Feature View
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Genome polyprotein, Coat protein VP3 512Human poliovirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.22.29 (UniProt), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.4.22.28 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03300 (Poliovirus type 1 (strain Mahoney))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P03300
Protein Feature View
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Genome polyprotein, Coat protein VP3 636Human poliovirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.22.29 (UniProt), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.4.22.28 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03300 (Poliovirus type 1 (strain Mahoney))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P03300
Protein Feature View
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Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Genome polyprotein, Coat protein VP2 714Human poliovirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.22.29 (UniProt), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.4.22.28 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03300 (Poliovirus type 1 (strain Mahoney))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P03300
Protein Feature View
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Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Genome polyprotein, Coat protein VP1 811Human poliovirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.22.29 (UniProt), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.4.22.28 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03300 (Poliovirus type 1 (strain Mahoney))
Explore P03300 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03300
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 11.0 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-08-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-07-18
    Changes: Data collection