Solution Structure of Eucommia Antifungal Peptide: A Novel Structural Model Distinct with a Five-Disulfide Motif.Huang, R.H., Xiang, Y., Tu, G.Z., Zhang, Y., Wang, D.C.
(2004) Biochemistry 43: 6005-6012
- PubMed: 15147184
- DOI: 10.1021/bi036263y
- PubMed Abstract:
- Two novel antifungal peptides distinct with a five-disulfide motif fron the bark of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver
Huang, R.H.,Xiang, Y.,Liu, X.Z.,Zhang, Y.,Hu, Z.,Wang, D.C.
(2002) FEBS Lett. 521: 87
The three-dimensional structure in aqueous solution of Eucommia antifungal peptide 2 (EAFP2) from Eucommia ulmoides Oliv was determined using (1)H NMR spectroscopy. EAFP2 is a newly discovered 41-residue peptide distinct with a five-disulfide cross-l ...
The three-dimensional structure in aqueous solution of Eucommia antifungal peptide 2 (EAFP2) from Eucommia ulmoides Oliv was determined using (1)H NMR spectroscopy. EAFP2 is a newly discovered 41-residue peptide distinct with a five-disulfide cross-linked motif. This peptide exhibits chitin-binding activity and inhibitory effects on the growth of cell wall chitin-containing fungi and chitin-free fungi. The structure was calculated by using torsion angle dynamic simulated annealing with a total of 614 distance restraints and 16 dihedral restraints derived from NOESY and DQF-COSY spectra, respectively. The five disulfide bonds were assigned from preliminary structures using a statistical analysis of intercystinyl distances. The solution structure of EAFP2 is presented as an ensemble of 20 conformers with a backbone RMS deviation of 0.65 (+/-0.13) A for the well-defined Cys3-Cys39 segment. The tertiary structure of EAFP2 represents the first five-disulfide cross-linked structural model of the plant antifungal peptide. EAFP2 adopts a compact global fold composed of a 3(10) helix (Cys3-Arg6), an alpha-helix (Gly26-Cys30), and a three-strand antiparallel beta-sheet (Cys16-Ser18, Tyr22-Gly24, and Arg36-Cys37). The tertiary structure of EAFP2 shows a chitin-binding domain (residues 11-30) with a hydrophobic face and a characteristic sector formed by the N-terminal 10 residues and the C-terminal segment cross-linked through the unique disulfide bond Cys7-Cys37, which brings all four positively charged residues (Arg6, Arg9, Arg36, and Arg40) onto a cationic face. On the basis of such a structural feature, the possible structural basis for the functional properties of EAFP2 is discussed.
Center for Structural and Molecular Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, PR China.