1N0D

Stability of cyclic beta-hairpins: Asymmetric contibutions from side chains of hydrogen bonded cross-strand residue pair


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 80 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Stability of Cyclic Beta-Hairpins: Asymmetric Contributions From Side Chains of Hydrogen Bonded Cross-Strand Residue Pair

Russell, S.J.Blandl, T.Skelton, N.J.Cochran, A.G.

(2003) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 125: 388-395

  • DOI: 10.1021/ja028075l
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Amino acid structural propensities measured in "host-guest" model studies are often used in protein structure prediction or to choose appropriate residues in de novo protein design. While this concept has proven useful for helical structures, it is m ...

    Amino acid structural propensities measured in "host-guest" model studies are often used in protein structure prediction or to choose appropriate residues in de novo protein design. While this concept has proven useful for helical structures, it is more difficult to apply successfully to beta-sheets. We have developed a cyclic beta-hairpin scaffold as a host for measurement of individual residue contributions to hairpin structural stability. Previously, we have characterized substitutions in non-backbone-hydrogen-bonded strand sites; relative stability differences measured in the cyclic host are highly predictive of changes in folding free energy for linear beta-hairpin peptides. Here, we examine the hydrogen-bonded strand positions of our host. Surprisingly, we find a large favorable contribution to stability from a valine (or isoleucine) substitution immediately preceding the C-terminal cysteine of the host peptide, but not at the cross-strand position of the host or in either strand of a folded linear beta-hairpin (trpzip peptide). Further substitutions in the peptides and NMR structural analysis indicate that the stabilizing effect of valine is general for CX(8)C cyclic hairpins and cannot be explained by particular side-chain-side-chain interactions. Instead, a localized decrease in twist of the peptide backbone on the N-terminal side of the cysteine allows the valine side chain to adopt a unique conformation that decreases the solvent accessibility of the peptide backbone. The conformation differs from the highly twisted (coiled) conformation of the trpzip hairpins and is more typical of conformations present in multistranded beta-sheets. This unexpected structural fine-tuning may explain why cyclic hairpins selected from phage-displayed libraries often have valine in the same position, preceding the C-terminal cysteine. It also emphasizes the diversity of structures accessible to beta-strands and the importance of considering not only "beta-propensity", but also hydrogen-bonding pattern and strand twist, when designing beta structures. Finally, we observe correlated, cooperative stabilization from side-chain substitutions on opposite faces of the hairpin. This suggests that cooperative folding in beta-hairpins and other small beta-structures is driven by cooperative strand-strand association.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Protein Engineering, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
bhp_VWLH, disulfide cyclized beta-hairpin peptide
A
12N/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NH2
Query on NH2
A
NON-POLYMERH2 N

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ACE
Query on ACE
A
NON-POLYMERC2 H4 O

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 80 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 
  • Olderado: 1N0D Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-02-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance