1L9H

Crystal structure of bovine rhodopsin at 2.6 angstroms RESOLUTION


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Functional role of internal water molecules in rhodopsin revealed by X-ray crystallography.

Okada, T.Fujiyoshi, Y.Silow, M.Navarro, J.Landau, E.M.Shichida, Y.

(2002) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99: 5982-5987

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.082666399
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1L9H

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Activation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is triggered and regulated by structural rearrangement of the transmembrane heptahelical bundle containing a number of highly conserved residues. In rhodopsin, a prototypical GPCR, the helical bundle ...

    Activation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is triggered and regulated by structural rearrangement of the transmembrane heptahelical bundle containing a number of highly conserved residues. In rhodopsin, a prototypical GPCR, the helical bundle accommodates an intrinsic inverse-agonist 11-cis-retinal, which undergoes photo-isomerization to the all-trans form upon light absorption. Such a trigger by the chromophore corresponds to binding of a diffusible ligand to other GPCRs. Here we have explored the functional role of water molecules in the transmembrane region of bovine rhodopsin by using x-ray diffraction to 2.6 A. The structural model suggests that water molecules, which were observed in the vicinity of highly conserved residues and in the retinal pocket, regulate the activity of rhodopsin-like GPCRs and spectral tuning in visual pigments, respectively. To confirm the physiological relevance of the structural findings, we conducted single-crystal microspectrophotometry on rhodopsin packed in our three-dimensional crystals and show that its spectroscopic properties are similar to those previously found by using bovine rhodopsin in suspension or membrane environment.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, and Core Research for Evolution Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan. okada@photo2.biophys.kyoto-u.ac.jp



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
rhodopsinAB349Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RHO
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs): Class A
Protein: 
Rhodopsin
Find proteins for P02699 (Bos taurus)
Explore P02699 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02699
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C
3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
D, F
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
E
4 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BNG
Query on BNG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
nonyl beta-D-glucopyranoside
C15 H30 O6
QFAPUKLCALRPLH-UXXRCYHCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
RET
Query on RET

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A, B
RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

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A, B
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HG
Query on HG

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A, B
MERCURY (II) ION
Hg
BQPIGGFYSBELGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HTO
Query on HTO

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A
HEPTANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C7 H16 O3
HXYCHJFUBNTKQR-RNFRBKRXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 41
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 96.745α = 90
b = 96.745β = 90
c = 149.3γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-05-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary