1JDV

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF 5'-DEOXY-5'-METHYLTHIOADENOSINE PHOSPHORYLASE COMPLEXED WITH ADENOSINE AND SULFATE ION


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Three-dimensional structure of a hyperthermophilic 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase from Sulfolobus solfataricus.

Appleby, T.C.Mathews, I.I.Porcelli, M.Cacciapuoti, G.Ealick, S.E.

(2001) J.Biol.Chem. 276: 39232-39242

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M105694200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The structure of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase from Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsMTAP) has been determined alone, as ternary complexes with sulfate plus substrates 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine, adenosine, or guanosine, or with the no ...

    The structure of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase from Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsMTAP) has been determined alone, as ternary complexes with sulfate plus substrates 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine, adenosine, or guanosine, or with the noncleavable substrate analog Formycin B and as binary complexes with phosphate or sulfate alone. The structure of unliganded SsMTAP was refined at 2.5-A resolution and the structures of the complexes were refined at resolutions ranging from 1.6 to 2.0 A. SsMTAP is unusual both for its broad substrate specificity and for its extreme thermal stability. The hexameric structure of SsMTAP is similar to that of purine-nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) from Escherichia coli, however, only SsMTAP accepts 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine as a substrate. The active site of SsMTAP is similar to that of E. coli PNP with 13 of 18 nearest residues being identical. The main differences are at Thr(89), which corresponds to serine in E. coli PNP, and Glu(163), which corresponds to proline in E. coli PNP. In addition, a water molecule is found near the purine N-7 position in the guanosine complex of SsMTAP. Thr(89) is near the 5'-position of the nucleoside and may account for the ability of SsMTAP to accept either hydrophobic or hydrophilic substituents in that position. Unlike E. coli PNP, the structures of SsMTAP reveal a substrate-induced conformational change involving Glu(163). This residue is located at the interface between subunits and swings in toward the active site upon nucleoside binding. The high-resolution structures of SsMTAP suggest that the transition state is stabilized in different ways for 6-amino versus 6-oxo substrates. SsMTAP has optimal activity at 120 degrees C and retains full activity after 2 h at 100 degrees C. Examination of the three-dimensional structure of SsMTAP suggests that unlike most thermophilic enzymes, disulfide linkages play a key in role in its thermal stability.


    Related Citations: 
    • The structure of human 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase at 1.7 resolution provides insights into substrate binding and catalysis
      Appleby, T.C.,Erion, M.D.,Ealick, S.E.
      (1999) Structure 7: 629
    • Purification and characterization of extremely thermophilic and thermostable 5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. Purine nucleoside phosphorylase activity and evidence for intersubunit disulfide bonds
      Cacciapuoti, G.,Porcelli, M.,Bertoldo, C.,De Rosa, M.,Zappia, V.
      (1994) J.Biol.Chem. 269: 24762
    • Three-Dimensional Structure of Human Erythrocytic Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase At 3.2 Resolution
      Ealick, S.E.,Rule, S.A.,Carter, D.C.,Greenhough, T.J.,Babu, Y.S.
      (1990) J.Biol.Chem. 265: 1812


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
5'-METHYLTHIOADENOSINE PHOSPHORYLASE
A, B, C, D, E, F
236Sulfolobus solfataricus (strain ATCC 35092 / DSM 1617 / JCM 11322 / P2)Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.4.2.1
Find proteins for P50389 (Sulfolobus solfataricus (strain ATCC 35092 / DSM 1617 / JCM 11322 / P2))
Go to UniProtKB:  P50389
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
ADN
Query on ADN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, D, E
ADENOSINE
C10 H13 N5 O4
OIRDTQYFTABQOQ-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 102.000α = 90.00
b = 87.500β = 119.99
c = 102.000γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
CNSphasing
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-10-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance