1I4M

Crystal structure of the human prion protein reveals a mechanism for oligomerization


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the human prion protein reveals a mechanism for oligomerization.

Knaus, K.J.Morillas, M.Swietnicki, W.Malone, M.Surewicz, W.K.Yee, V.C.

(2001) Nat Struct Biol 8: 770-774

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsb0901-770
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1I4M

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The pathogenesis of transmissible encephalopathies is associated with the conversion of the cellular prion protein, PrP(C), into a conformationally altered oligomeric form, PrP(Sc). Here we report the crystal structure of the human prion protein in dimer ...

    The pathogenesis of transmissible encephalopathies is associated with the conversion of the cellular prion protein, PrP(C), into a conformationally altered oligomeric form, PrP(Sc). Here we report the crystal structure of the human prion protein in dimer form at 2 A resolution. The dimer results from the three-dimensional swapping of the C-terminal helix 3 and rearrangement of the disulfide bond. An interchain two-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet is formed at the dimer interface by residues that are located in helix 2 in the monomeric NMR structures. Familial prion disease mutations map to the regions directly involved in helix swapping. This crystal structure suggests that oligomerization through 3D domain-swapping may constitute an important step on the pathway of the PrP(C) --> PrP(Sc) conversion.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Cardiology and Center for Structural Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue NB20, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MAJOR PRION PROTEIN A108Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRNPALTPRPPRIPPRP
Find proteins for P04156 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04156 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04156
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P04156
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CD
Query on CD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
CADMIUM ION
Cd
WLZRMCYVCSSEQC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 85.441α = 90
b = 85.707β = 90
c = 40.501γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MLPHAREphasing
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance