1GPK

Structure of Acetylcholinesterase Complex with (+)-Huperzine A at 2.1A Resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

X-Ray Structures of Torpedo Californica Acetylcholinesterase Complexed with (+)-Huperzine a and (-)-Huperzine B: Structural Evidence for an Active Site Rearrangement

Dvir, H.Jiang, H.L.Wong, D.M.Harel, M.Chetrit, M.He, X.C.Jin, G.Y.Yu, G.L.Tang, X.C.Silman, I.Bai, D.L.Sussman, J.L.

(2002) Biochemistry 41: 10810

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi020151+
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1GPN, 1GPK, 1EA5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Kinetic and structural data are presented on the interaction with Torpedo californica acetylcholinesterase (TcAChE) of (+)-huperzine A, a synthetic enantiomer of the anti-Alzheimer drug, (-)-huperzine A, and of its natural homologue (-)-huperzine B. ...

    Kinetic and structural data are presented on the interaction with Torpedo californica acetylcholinesterase (TcAChE) of (+)-huperzine A, a synthetic enantiomer of the anti-Alzheimer drug, (-)-huperzine A, and of its natural homologue (-)-huperzine B. (+)-Huperzine A and (-)-huperzine B bind to the enzyme with dissociation constants of 4.30 and 0.33 microM, respectively, compared to 0.18 microM for (-)-huperzine A. The X-ray structures of the complexes of (+)-huperzine A and (-)-huperzine B with TcAChE were determined to 2.1 and 2.35 A resolution, respectively, and compared to the previously determined structure of the (-)-huperzine A complex. All three interact with the "anionic" subsite of the active site, primarily through pi-pi stacking and through van der Waals or C-H.pi interactions with Trp84 and Phe330. Since their alpha-pyridone moieties are responsible for their key interactions with the active site via hydrogen bonding, and possibly via C-H.pi interactions, all three maintain similar positions and orientations with respect to it. The carbonyl oxygens of all three appear to repel the carbonyl oxygen of Gly117, thus causing the peptide bond between Gly117 and Gly118 to undergo a peptide flip. As a consequence, the position of the main chain nitrogen of Gly118 in the "oxyanion" hole in the native enzyme becomes occupied by the carbonyl of Gly117. Furthermore, the flipped conformation is stabilized by hydrogen bonding of Gly117O to Gly119N and Ala201N, the other two functional elements of the three-pronged "oxyanion hole" characteristic of cholinesterases. All three inhibitors thus would be expected to abolish hydrolysis of all ester substrates, whether charged or neutral.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Structural Biology and Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASEA537Tetronarce californicaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ache
EC: 3.1.1.7
Find proteins for P04058 (Tetronarce californica)
Explore P04058 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04058
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
B
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HUP
Query on HUP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
Huperzine A
C15 H18 N2 O
ZRJBHWIHUMBLCN-YQEJDHNASA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
HUPIC50:  11.399999618530273   nM  BindingDB
HUPKi:  4300   nM  Binding MOAD
HUPKi :  4300   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 111.421α = 90
b = 111.421β = 90
c = 137.145γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-08-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-10-23
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Other, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-29
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary