Crystal structure of bovine procarboxypeptidase A-S6 subunit III, a highly structured truncated zymogen E.Pignol, D., Gaboriaud, C., Michon, T., Kerfelec, B., Chapus, C., Fontecilla-Camps, J.C.
(1994) EMBO J. 13: 1763-1771
- PubMed: 8168476
- PubMed Abstract:
Subunit III, a defective serine endopeptidase lacking the typical N-terminal hydrophobic dipeptide is secreted by the pancreas of ruminant species as part of the bovine ternary complex procarboxypeptidase A-S6. Two monoclinic crystal forms were obtai ...
Subunit III, a defective serine endopeptidase lacking the typical N-terminal hydrophobic dipeptide is secreted by the pancreas of ruminant species as part of the bovine ternary complex procarboxypeptidase A-S6. Two monoclinic crystal forms were obtained and subsequently used to solve its X-ray structure. The highest resolution model of subunit III was refined at 1.7 A resolution to a crystallographic R-factor of 18.4%, with r.m.s. bond deviations from ideality of 0.012 A. About 80% of the model presents the characteristic architecture of trypsin-like proteases. The remaining zones, however, have well-defined, unique conformations. The regions from residues 70 to 80 and from 140 to 155 present maximum distances of 16 and 18 A relative to serine proteases and zymogens. Comparisons with the structures of porcine elastase 1 and chymotrypsinogen A indicate that the specific binding pocket of subunit III adopts a zymogen-like conformation and thus provide a basis for its inactivity. In general, the structural analysis of subunit III strongly suggests that it corresponds to a truncated version of a new class of highly structured elastase-like zymogen molecules. Based on the structures of subunit III and elastase 1, it is concluded that large concerted movements are necessary for the activation of zymogen E.
Laboratoire de Cristallographie et de Cristallogénès des Protéines, Institut de Biologie Structurale, Grenoble, France.