1A5Y

PROTEIN TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE 1B CYSTEINYL-PHOSPHATE INTERMEDIATE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Visualization of the cysteinyl-phosphate intermediate of a protein-tyrosine phosphatase by x-ray crystallography.

Pannifer, A.D.Flint, A.J.Tonks, N.K.Barford, D.

(1998) J.Biol.Chem. 273: 10454-10462


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are signal transduction enzymes that catalyze the dephosphorylation of phosphotyrosine residues via the formation of a transient cysteinyl-phosphate intermediate. The mechanism of hydrolysis of this intermediate h ...

    Protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are signal transduction enzymes that catalyze the dephosphorylation of phosphotyrosine residues via the formation of a transient cysteinyl-phosphate intermediate. The mechanism of hydrolysis of this intermediate has been examined by generating a Gln-262 --> Ala mutant of PTP1B, which allows the accumulation and trapping of the intermediate within a PTP1B crystal. The structure of the intermediate at 2.5-A resolution reveals that a conformationally flexible loop (the WPD loop) is closed over the entrance to the catalytic site, sequestering the phosphocysteine intermediate and catalytic site water molecules and preventing nonspecific phosphoryltransfer reactions to extraneous phosphoryl acceptors. One of the catalytic site water molecules, the likely nucleophile, forms a hydrogen bond to the putative catalytic base, Asp-181. In the wild-type enzyme, the nucleophilic water molecule would be coordinated by the side chain of Gln-262. In combination with our previous structural data, we can now visualize each of the reaction steps of the PTP catalytic pathway. The hydrolysis of the cysteinyl-phosphate intermediate of PTPs is reminiscent of GTP hydrolysis by the GTPases, in that both families of enzymes utilize an invariant Gln residue to coordinate the attacking nucleophilic water molecule.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, University of Oxford, Rex Richards Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, United Kingdom.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEIN TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE 1B
A
330Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PTPN1 (PTP1B)
EC: 3.1.3.48
Find proteins for P18031 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PTPN1
Go to UniProtKB:  P18031
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSP
Query on CSP
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O5 P SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 88.280α = 90.00
b = 88.280β = 90.00
c = 104.910γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing
X-PLORrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1998-06-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance