Crystal structures of thrombin with thiazole-containing inhibitors: probes of the S1' binding site.Matthews, J.H., Krishnan, R., Costanzo, M.J., Maryanoff, B.E., Tulinsky, A.
(1996) Biophys J 71: 2830-2839
- PubMed: 8913620
- DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3495(96)79479-1
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Isomorphous Structures of Prethrombin2, Hirugen-, and Ppack-Thrombin: Changes Accompanying Activation and Exosite Binding to Thrombin
Vijayalakshmi, J., Padmanabhan, K.P., Mann, K.G., Tulinsky, A.
(1994) Protein Sci 3: 2254
- Active Site and Exosite Binding of Alpha-Thrombin
Tulinsky, A., Qiu, X.
(1993) Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 4: 305
- Structure of the Hirulog 3-Thrombin Complex and Nature of the S' Subsites of Substrates and Inhibitors
Qiu, X., Padmanabhan, K.P., Carperos, V.E., Tulinsky, A., Kline, T., Maraganore, J.M., Fenton II, J.W.
(1992) Biochemistry 31: 11689
Structures of the blood clotting enzyme thrombin complexed with hirugen and two active site inhibitors, RWJ-50353 10080(N-methyl-D-phenylalanyl-N-[5-[(aminoiminomethyl)amino]-1- [[(2-benzothiazolyl)carbonyl]butyl]-L-prolinamide trifluoroacetate hydrate) ...
Structures of the blood clotting enzyme thrombin complexed with hirugen and two active site inhibitors, RWJ-50353 10080(N-methyl-D-phenylalanyl-N-[5-[(aminoiminomethyl)amino]-1- [[(2-benzothiazolyl)carbonyl]butyl]-L-prolinamide trifluoroacetate hydrate) and RWJ-50215 (N-[4-(aminoiminomethyl)amino-1-[2- (thiazol-2-ylcarbonylethyl)piperidin- 1-ylcarbonyl]butyl]-5-(dimethylamino)naphthalenesulfonamide trifluoroacetate hydrate), were determined by x-ray crystallography. The refinements converged at R values of 0.158 in the 7.0-2.3-A range for RWJ-50353 and 0.155 in the 7.0-1.8-A range for RWJ-50215. Interactions between the protein and the thiazole rings of the two inhibitors provide new valuable information about the S1' binding site of thrombin. The RWJ-50353 inhibitor consists of an S1'-binding benzothiazole group linked to the D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethyl ketone motif. Interactions with the S1-S3 sites are similar to the D-phenylalanyl-prolyl-arginyl chloromethylketone structure. In RWJ-50215, a S1'-binding 2-ketothiazole group was added to the thrombin inhibitor-like framework of dansylarginine N-(3-ethyl-1,5-pentanediyl)amide. The geometry at the S1-S3 sites here is also similar to that of the parent compound. The benzothiazole and 2-ketothiazole groups bind in a cavity surrounded by His57, Tyr60A, Trp60D, and Lys60F. This location of the S1' binding site is consistent with previous structures of thrombin complexes with hirulog-3, CVS-995, and hirutonin-2 and -6. The ring nitrogen of the RWJ-50353 benzothiazole forms a hydrogen bond with His57, and Lys60F reorients because of close contacts. The oxygen and nitrogen of the ketothiazole of RWJ-50215 hydrogen bond with the NZ atom of Lys60F.
Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA.