7PMV

VWF Tubules of D1D2D'D3 domains


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.70 Å
  • Aggregation State: FILAMENT 
  • Reconstruction Method: HELICAL 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Re-refinement Note

A newer entry is available that reflects an alternative modeling of the original data: 7PNF


Literature

Helical self-assembly of a mucin segment suggests an evolutionary origin for von Willebrand factor tubules.

Javitt, G.Fass, D.

(2022) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 119: e2116790119-e2116790119

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2116790119
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7PMV, 7PNF, 7POV, 7PP6

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The glycoprotein von Willebrand factor (VWF) contributes to hemostasis by stanching injuries in blood vessel walls. A distinctive feature of VWF is its assembly into long, helical tubules in endothelial cells prior to secretion. When VWF is released into the bloodstream, these tubules unfurl to release linear polymers that bind subendothelial collagen at wound sites, recruit platelets, and initiate the clotting cascade ...

    The glycoprotein von Willebrand factor (VWF) contributes to hemostasis by stanching injuries in blood vessel walls. A distinctive feature of VWF is its assembly into long, helical tubules in endothelial cells prior to secretion. When VWF is released into the bloodstream, these tubules unfurl to release linear polymers that bind subendothelial collagen at wound sites, recruit platelets, and initiate the clotting cascade. VWF evolved from gel-forming mucins, the polymeric glycoproteins that coat and protect exposed epithelia. Despite the divergent function of VWF in blood vessel repair, sequence conservation and shared domain organization imply that VWF retained key aspects of the mucin bioassembly mechanism. Here, we show using cryo-electron microscopy that the ability to form tubules, a property hitherto thought to have arisen as a VWF adaptation to the vasculature, is a feature of the amino-terminal region of mucin. This segment of the human intestinal gel-forming mucin (MUC2) was found to self-assemble into tubules with a striking resemblance to those of VWF itself. To facilitate a comparison, we determined the residue-resolution structure of tubules formed by the homologous segment of VWF. The structures of the MUC2 and VWF tubules revealed the flexible joints and the intermolecular interactions required for tubule formation. Steric constraints in full-length MUC2 suggest that linear filaments, a previously observed supramolecular assembly form, are more likely than tubules to be the physiological mucin storage intermediate. Nevertheless, MUC2 tubules indicate a possible evolutionary origin for VWF tubules and elucidate design principles present in mucins and VWF.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemical and Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
von Willebrand factorA,
B,
C [auth D],
D [auth E]
1,241Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: VWFF8VWF
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P04275 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04275 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04275
PHAROS:  P04275
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP04275
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseE [auth C],
F,
G
3N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseH 2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
DA [auth E],
EA [auth E],
FA [auth E],
GA [auth E],
I [auth A],
DA [auth E],
EA [auth E],
FA [auth E],
GA [auth E],
I [auth A],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
L [auth A],
P [auth B],
Q [auth B],
R [auth B],
S [auth B],
W [auth D],
X [auth D],
Y [auth D],
Z [auth D]
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
AA [auth D],
BA [auth D],
CA [auth D],
HA [auth E],
IA [auth E],
AA [auth D],
BA [auth D],
CA [auth D],
HA [auth E],
IA [auth E],
JA [auth E],
M [auth A],
N [auth A],
O [auth A],
T [auth B],
U [auth B],
V [auth B]
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.70 Å
  • Aggregation State: FILAMENT 
  • Reconstruction Method: HELICAL 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Not funded--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2022-02-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2022-05-25
    Changes: Database references