7DHG

Crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 Orf9b complex with human TOM70


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.267 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 Orf9b in complex with human TOM70 suggests unusual virus-host interactions.

Gao, X.Zhu, K.Qin, B.Olieric, V.Wang, M.Cui, S.

(2021) Nat Commun 12: 2843-2843

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-23118-8
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7DHG

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Although the accessory proteins are considered non-essential for coronavirus replication, accumulating evidences demonstrate they are critical to virus-host interaction and pathogenesis. Orf9b is a unique accessory protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV. It is implicated in immune evasion by targeting mitochondria, where it associates with the versatile adapter TOM70 ...

    Although the accessory proteins are considered non-essential for coronavirus replication, accumulating evidences demonstrate they are critical to virus-host interaction and pathogenesis. Orf9b is a unique accessory protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV. It is implicated in immune evasion by targeting mitochondria, where it associates with the versatile adapter TOM70. Here, we determined the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 orf9b in complex with the cytosolic segment of human TOM70 to 2.2 Å. A central portion of orf9b occupies the deep pocket in the TOM70 C-terminal domain (CTD) and adopts a helical conformation strikingly different from the β-sheet-rich structure of the orf9b homodimer. Interactions between orf9b and TOM70 CTD are primarily hydrophobic and distinct from the electrostatic interaction between the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) EEVD motif and the TOM70 N-terminal domain (NTD). Using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), we demonstrated that the orf9b dimer does not bind TOM70, but a synthetic peptide harboring a segment of orf9b (denoted C-peptide) binds TOM70 with nanomolar K D . While the interaction between C-peptide and TOM70 CTD is an endothermic process, the interaction between Hsp90 EEVD and TOM70 NTD is exothermic, which underscores the distinct binding mechanisms at NTD and CTD pockets. Strikingly, the binding affinity of Hsp90 EEVD motif to TOM70 NTD is reduced by ~29-fold when orf9b occupies the pocket of TOM70 CTD, supporting the hypothesis that orf9b allosterically inhibits the Hsp90/TOM70 interaction. Our findings shed light on the mechanism underlying SARS-CoV-2 orf9b mediated suppression of interferon responses.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen, National Clinical Research Center for Infectious Diseases, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, China. cui.sheng@ipb.pumc.edu.cn.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Mitochondrial import receptor subunit TOM70A [auth C]608Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TOMM70KIAA0719TOM70TOMM70A
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for O94826 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O94826 
Go to UniProtKB:  O94826
PHAROS:  O94826
GTEx:  ENSG00000154174 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO94826
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ORF9b proteinB97Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 9b
UniProt
Find proteins for P0DTD2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
Explore P0DTD2 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTD2
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0DTD2
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.267 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 54.655α = 90
b = 79.438β = 90
c = 124.027γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2021-05-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2021-05-19
    Changes: Database references, Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2021-06-02
    Changes: Database references