Structural insight into the high reduction potentials observed for Fusobacterium nucleatum flavodoxin.Mothersole, R.G., Macdonald, M., Kolesnikov, M., Murphy, M.E.P., Wolthers, K.R.
(2019) Protein Sci 28: 1460-1472
- PubMed: 31116469
- DOI: 10.1002/pro.3661
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
Flavodoxins are small flavin mononucleotide (FMN)-containing proteins that mediate a variety of electron transfer processes. The primary sequence of flavodoxin from Fusobacterium nucleatum, a pathogenic oral bacterium, is marked with a number of dist ...
Flavodoxins are small flavin mononucleotide (FMN)-containing proteins that mediate a variety of electron transfer processes. The primary sequence of flavodoxin from Fusobacterium nucleatum, a pathogenic oral bacterium, is marked with a number of distinct features including a glycine to lysine (K13) substitution in the highly conserved phosphate-binding loop (T/S-X-T-G-X-T), variation in the aromatic residues that sandwich the FMN cofactor, and a more even distribution of acidic and basic residues. The E ox/sq (oxidized/semiquinone; -43 mV) and E sq/hq (semiquinone/hydroquinone; -256 mV) are the highest recorded reduction potentials of known long-chain flavodoxins. These more electropositive values are a consequence of the apoprotein binding to the FMN hydroquinone anion with ~70-fold greater affinity compared to the oxidized form of the cofactor. Inspection of the FnFld crystal structure revealed the absence of a hydrogen bond between the protein and the oxidized FMN N5 atom, which likely accounts for the more electropositive E ox/sq . The more electropositive E sq/hq is likely attributed to only one negatively charged group positioned within 12 Å of the FMN N1. We show that natural substitutions of highly conserved residues partially account for these more electropositive reduction potentials.
Department of Chemistry, University at the British Columbia, Kelowna, British Columbia, V1V 1V7, Canada.