High-Throughput PIXE as an Essential Quantitative Assay for Accurate Metalloprotein Structural Analysis: Development and Application.Grime, G.W., Zeldin, O.B., Snell, M.E., Lowe, E.D., Hunt, J.F., Montelione, G.T., Tong, L., Snell, E.H., Garman, E.F.
(2020) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 142: 185-197
- PubMed: 31794207
- DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b09186
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Metalloproteins comprise over one-third of proteins, with approximately half of all enzymes requiring metal to function. Accurate identification of these metal atoms and their environment is a prerequisite to understanding biological mechanism. Using ...
Metalloproteins comprise over one-third of proteins, with approximately half of all enzymes requiring metal to function. Accurate identification of these metal atoms and their environment is a prerequisite to understanding biological mechanism. Using ion beam analysis through particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE), we have quantitatively identified the metal atoms in 30 previously structurally characterized proteins using minimal sample volume and a high-throughput approach. Over half of these metals had been misidentified in the deposited structural models. Some of the PIXE detected metals not seen in the models were explainable as artifacts from promiscuous crystallization reagents. For others, using the correct metal improved the structural models. For multinuclear sites, anomalous diffraction signals enabled the positioning of the correct metals to reveal previously obscured biological information. PIXE is insensitive to the chemical environment, but coupled with experimental diffraction data deposited alongside the structural model it enables validation and potential remediation of metalloprotein models, improving structural and, more importantly, mechanistic knowledge.
Materials Design and Innovation , SUNY Buffalo , 700 Ellicott St. , Buffalo , New York 14203 , United States.,Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute , 700 Ellicott St. , Buffalo , New York 14203 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Oxford , South Parks Road , Oxford OX1 3QU , United Kingdom.,Department of Biological Sciences , Columbia University , New York , New York 10027 , United States.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Sciences , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute , Troy New York 12180 United States.,Ion Beam Centre, Advanced Technology Institute , University of Surrey , Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH , United Kingdom.