6M2Q

SARS-CoV-2 3CL protease (3CL pro) apo structure (space group C21)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.204 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Anti-SARS-CoV-2 activities in vitro of Shuanghuanglian preparations and bioactive ingredients.

Su, H.X.Yao, S.Zhao, W.F.Li, M.J.Liu, J.Shang, W.J.Xie, H.Ke, C.Q.Hu, H.C.Gao, M.N.Yu, K.Q.Liu, H.Shen, J.S.Tang, W.Zhang, L.K.Xiao, G.F.Ni, L.Wang, D.W.Zuo, J.P.Jiang, H.L.Bai, F.Wu, Y.Ye, Y.Xu, Y.C.

(2020) Acta Pharmacol Sin 41: 1167-1177

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41401-020-0483-6
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6M2N, 6M2Q

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and there is no cure currently. The 3CL protease (3CLpro) is a highly conserved protease which is indispensable for CoVs replication, and is a promising target for development of broad-spectrum antiviral drugs ...

    Human infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and there is no cure currently. The 3CL protease (3CLpro) is a highly conserved protease which is indispensable for CoVs replication, and is a promising target for development of broad-spectrum antiviral drugs. In this study we investigated the anti-SARS-CoV-2 potential of Shuanghuanglian preparation, a Chinese traditional patent medicine with a long history for treating respiratory tract infection in China. We showed that either the oral liquid of Shuanghuanglian, the lyophilized powder of Shuanghuanglian for injection or their bioactive components dose-dependently inhibited SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro as well as the replication of SARS-CoV-2 in Vero E6 cells. Baicalin and baicalein, two ingredients of Shuanghuanglian, were characterized as the first noncovalent, nonpeptidomimetic inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro and exhibited potent antiviral activities in a cell-based system. Remarkably, the binding mode of baicalein with SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro determined by X-ray protein crystallography was distinctly different from those of known 3CLpro inhibitors. Baicalein was productively ensconced in the core of the substrate-binding pocket by interacting with two catalytic residues, the crucial S1/S2 subsites and the oxyanion loop, acting as a "shield" in front of the catalytic dyad to effectively prevent substrate access to the catalytic dyad within the active site. Overall, this study provides an example for exploring the in vitro potency of Chinese traditional patent medicines and effectively identifying bioactive ingredients toward a specific target, and gains evidence supporting the in vivo studies of Shuanghuanglian oral liquid as well as two natural products for COVID-19 treatment.


    Organizational Affiliation

    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. ycxu@simm.ac.cn.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
3C-like proteinaseA306Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
EC: 3.4.22.69 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.19.12 (UniProt), 3.4.22 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt), 3.6.4.12 (UniProt), 3.6.4.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt), 2.1.1 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0DTD1 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
Explore P0DTD1 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTD1
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0DTD1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.204 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.177 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 114.868α = 90
b = 53.6β = 101.25
c = 44.705γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-10-28
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2021-02-03
    Changes: Database references, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary