Determinants of PB1 Domain Interactions in Auxin Response Factor ARF5 and Repressor IAA17.Kim, Y., Park, C., Cha, S., Han, M., Ryu, K.S., Suh, J.Y.
(2020) J Mol Biol 432: 4010-4022
- PubMed: 32305460
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2020.04.007
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Auxin is a plant hormone that is central to plant growth and development from embryogenesis to senescence. Auxin signaling is mediated by auxin response transcription factors (ARFs) and Aux/IAA repressors that regulate the expression of a multitude o ...
Auxin is a plant hormone that is central to plant growth and development from embryogenesis to senescence. Auxin signaling is mediated by auxin response transcription factors (ARFs) and Aux/IAA repressors that regulate the expression of a multitude of auxin response genes. ARF and Aux/IAA proteins assemble into homomeric and heteromeric complexes via their conserved PB1 domains. Here we report the first crystal structure of the PB1 complex between ARF5 and IAA17 of Arabidopsis thaliana, which represents the transcriptionally repressed state at low auxin levels. The PB1 domains assemble in a head-to-tail manner with a backbone arrangement similar to that of the ARF5:ARF5 PB1 complex. The ARF5:IAA17 complex, however, reveals distinct points of contact that promote the ARF5:IAA17 interaction over the ARF5:ARF5 interaction. Specifically, surface charges at the interface form salt-bridges that distinguish the homomeric and heteromeric complexes, revealing common and specific interfaces between transcriptionally repressed and derepressed states. Further, the salt-bridges can be reconfigured to switch the affinity between homomeric and heteromeric complexes in an incremental manner. The complex structure combined with quantitative binding analyses would be essential for deciphering the PB1 interaction code underlying the transcriptional regulation of auxin signaling.
Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea; Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Shinshu University, Minamiminowa, Nagano 399-4598, Japan. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.