Crystal structure of DEAH-box ATPase Prp22

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 3.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.247 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.248 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Structural basis for RNA translocation by DEAH-box ATPases.

Hamann, F.Enders, M.Ficner, R.

(2019) Nucleic Acids Res 47: 4349-4362

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkz150
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6I3O, 6I3P, 6QIC, 6QID, 6QIE

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    DEAH-box adenosine triphosphatases (ATPases) play a crucial role in the spliceosome-mediated excision of pre-mRNA introns. Recent spliceosomal cryo-EM structures suggest that these proteins utilize translocation to apply forces on ssRNAs rather than direct RNA duplex unwinding to ensure global rearrangements. By solving the crystal structure of Prp22 in different adenosine nucleotide-free states, we identified two missing conformational snapshots of genuine DEAH-box ATPases that help to unravel the molecular mechanism of translocation for this protein family. The intrinsic mobility of the RecA2 domain in the absence of adenosine di- or triphosphate (ADP/ATP) and RNA enables DEAH-box ATPases to adopt different open conformations of the helicase core. The presence of RNA suppresses this mobility and stabilizes one defined open conformation when no adenosine nucleotide is bound. A comparison of this novel conformation with the ATP-bound state of Prp43 reveals that these ATPases cycle between closed and open conformations of the helicase core, which accommodate either a four- or five-nucleotide stack in the RNA-binding tunnel, respectively. The continuous repetition of these states enables these proteins to translocate in 3'-5' direction along an ssRNA with a step-size of one RNA nucleotide per hydrolyzed ATP. This ATP-driven motor function is maintained by a serine in the conserved motif V that senses the catalytic state and accordingly positions the RecA2 domain.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Institute for Microbiology and Genetics, GZMB, Georg-August-University Goettingen, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 11, 37077 Goettingen, Germany.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Putative pre-mRNA splicing factor
A, B
677Thermochaetoides thermophila DSM 1495Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CTHT_0035640
Find proteins for G0S700 (Chaetomium thermophilum (strain DSM 1495 / CBS 144.50 / IMI 039719))
Explore G0S700 
Go to UniProtKB:  G0S700
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupG0S700
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 3.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.247 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.248 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 67.53α = 90
b = 93.64β = 90
c = 218.43γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-03-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-03-13
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-07-03
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2024-01-24
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Refinement description