6HOV

Crystal Structure of BRD4 first bromodomain in complex with ferulic acid


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Biochemical and cellular mechanism of protein kinase CK2 inhibition by deceptive curcumin.

Cozza, G.Zonta, F.Dalle Vedove, A.Venerando, A.Dall'Acqua, S.Battistutta, R.Ruzzene, M.Lolli, G.

(2020) FEBS J 287: 1850-1864

  • DOI: 10.1111/febs.15111
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6HOP, 6HOQ, 6HOR, 6HOT, 6HOU, 6HOV

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protein kinase CK2 is an antiapoptotic cancer-sustaining protein. Curcumin, reported previously as a CK2 inhibitor, is too bulky to be accommodated in the CK2 active site and rapidly degrades in solution generating various ATP-mimetic inhibitors; with a detailed comparative analysis, by means of both protein crystallography and enzymatic inhibition, ferulic acid was identified as the principal curcumin degradation product responsible for CK2 inhibition ...

    Protein kinase CK2 is an antiapoptotic cancer-sustaining protein. Curcumin, reported previously as a CK2 inhibitor, is too bulky to be accommodated in the CK2 active site and rapidly degrades in solution generating various ATP-mimetic inhibitors; with a detailed comparative analysis, by means of both protein crystallography and enzymatic inhibition, ferulic acid was identified as the principal curcumin degradation product responsible for CK2 inhibition. The other curcumin derivatives vanillin, feruloylmethane and coniferyl aldehyde are weaker CK2 inhibitors. The high instability of curcumin in standard buffered solutions flags this compound, which is included in many commercial libraries, as a possible source of misleading interpretations, as was the case for CK2. Ferulic acid does not show any cytotoxicity and any inhibition of cellular CK2, due to its poor cellular permeability. However, curcumin acts as a prodrug in the cellular context, by generating its degradation products inside the treated cells, thus rescuing CK2 inhibition and consequently inducing cell death. Through the intracellular release of its degradation products, curcumin is expected to affect various target families; here, we identify the first bromodomain of BRD4 as a new target for those compounds. DATABASE: Structural data are available in the PDB database under the accession numbers 6HOP (CK2α/curcumin), 6HOQ (CK2α/ferulic acid), 6HOR (CK2α/feruloylmethane), 6HOT (CK2α/ferulic aldehyde), 6HOU (CK2α/vanillin) and 6HOV (BRD4/ferulic acid).


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Cellular, Computational and Integrative Biology - CIBIO, University of Trento, Trento, Italy.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Bromodomain-containing protein 4A127Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BRD4HUNK1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for O60885 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O60885 
Go to UniProtKB:  O60885
PHAROS:  O60885
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FER (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on FER

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]3-(4-HYDROXY-3-METHOXYPHENYL)-2-PROPENOIC ACID
C10 H10 O4
KSEBMYQBYZTDHS-HWKANZROSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A], C [auth A]1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 36.71α = 90
b = 43.804β = 90
c = 76.996γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-10-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-11-13
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-05-13
    Changes: Database references