Molecular mechanism of ATP versus GTP selectivity of adenylate kinase.Rogne, P., Rosselin, M., Grundstrom, C., Hedberg, C., Sauer, U.H., Wolf-Watz, M.
(2018) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115: 3012-3017
- PubMed: 29507216
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1721508115
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Enzymatic substrate selectivity is critical for the precise control of metabolic pathways. In cases where chemically related substrates are present inside cells, robust mechanisms of substrate selectivity are required. Here, we report the mechanism utilized for catalytic ATP versus GTP selectivity during adenylate kinase (Adk) -mediated phosphorylation of AMP. Using NMR spectroscopy we found that while Adk adopts a catalytically competent and closed structural state in complex with ATP, the enzyme is arrested in a catalytically inhibited and open state in complex with GTP. X-ray crystallography experiments revealed that the interaction interfaces supporting ATP and GTP recognition, in part, are mediated by coinciding residues. The mechanism provides an atomic view on how the cellular GTP pool is protected from Adk turnover, which is important because GTP has many specialized cellular functions. In further support of this mechanism, a structure-function analysis enabled by synthesis of ATP analogs suggests that a hydrogen bond between the adenine moiety and the backbone of the enzyme is vital for ATP selectivity. The importance of the hydrogen bond for substrate selectivity is likely general given the conservation of its location and orientation across the family of eukaryotic protein kinases.
Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå SE-901 87, Sweden.