Structure-Based Design of Inhibitors Targeting PrfA, the Master Virulence Regulator of Listeria monocytogenes.Kulen, M., Lindgren, M., Hansen, S., Cairns, A.G., Grundstrom, C., Begum, A., van der Lingen, I., Brannstrom, K., Hall, M., Sauer, U.H., Johansson, J., Sauer-Eriksson, A.E., Almqvist, F.
(2018) J. Med. Chem. 61: 4165-4175
- PubMed: 29667825
- DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b00289
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Attenuating Listeria monocytogenes Virulence by Targeting the Regulatory Protein PrfA.
Good, J.A.,Andersson, C.,Hansen, S.,Wall, J.,Krishnan, K.S.,Begum, A.,Grundstrom, C.,Niemiec, M.S.,Vaitkevicius, K.,Chorell, E.,Wittung-Stafshede, P.,Sauer, U.H.,Sauer-Eriksson, A.E.,Almqvist, F.,Johansson, J.
(2016) Cell Chem Biol 23: 404
Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterial pathogen that controls much of its virulence through the transcriptional regulator PrfA. In this study, we describe structure-guided design and synthesis of a set of PrfA inhibitors based on ring-fused 2-pyridone ...
Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterial pathogen that controls much of its virulence through the transcriptional regulator PrfA. In this study, we describe structure-guided design and synthesis of a set of PrfA inhibitors based on ring-fused 2-pyridone heterocycles. Our most effective compound decreased virulence factor expression, reduced bacterial uptake into eukaryotic cells, and improved survival of chicken embryos infected with L. monocytogenes compared to previously identified compounds. Crystal structures identified an intraprotein "tunnel" as the main inhibitor binding site (A I ), where the compounds participate in an extensive hydrophobic network that restricts the protein's ability to form functional DNA-binding helix-turn-helix (HTH) motifs. Our studies also revealed a hitherto unsuspected structural plasticity of the HTH motif. In conclusion, we have designed 2-pyridone analogues that function as site-A I selective PrfA inhibitors with potent antivirulence properties.