Cryo-EM structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae target of rapamycin complex 2.Karuppasamy, M., Kusmider, B., Oliveira, T.M., Gaubitz, C., Prouteau, M., Loewith, R., Schaffitzel, C.
(2017) Nat Commun 8: 1729-1729
- PubMed: 29170376
- DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01862-0
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
- Molecular Basis of the Rapamycin Insensitivity of Target Of Rapamycin Complex 2.
Gaubitz, C., Oliveira, T.M., Prouteau, M., Leitner, A., Karuppasamy, M., Konstantinidou, G., Rispal, D., Eltschinger, S., Robinson, G.C., Thore, S., Aebersold, R., Schaffitzel, C., Loewith, R.
(2015) Mol Cell 58: 977
The target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase assembles into two distinct multiprotein complexes, conserved across eukaryote evolution. In contrast to TOR complex 1 (TORC1), TORC2 kinase activity is not inhibited by the macrolide rapamycin. Here, we present t ...
The target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase assembles into two distinct multiprotein complexes, conserved across eukaryote evolution. In contrast to TOR complex 1 (TORC1), TORC2 kinase activity is not inhibited by the macrolide rapamycin. Here, we present the structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae TORC2 determined by electron cryo-microscopy. TORC2 contains six subunits assembling into a 1.4 MDa rhombohedron. Tor2 and Lst8 form the common core of both TOR complexes. Avo3/Rictor is unique to TORC2, but interacts with the same HEAT repeats of Tor2 that are engaged by Kog1/Raptor in mammalian TORC1, explaining the mutual exclusivity of these two proteins. Density, which we conclude is Avo3, occludes the FKBP12-rapamycin-binding site of Tor2's FRB domain rendering TORC2 rapamycin insensitive and recessing the kinase active site. Although mobile, Avo1/hSin1 further restricts access to the active site as its conserved-region-in-the-middle (CRIM) domain is positioned along an edge of the TORC2 active-site-cleft, consistent with a role for CRIM in substrate recruitment.
School of Biochemistry, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol, BS8 1TD, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org.