Development and characterization of a new inhibitor of heme oxygenase activity for cancer treatment.Mucha, O., Podkalicka, P., Mikulski, M., Barwacz, S., Andrysiak, K., Biela, A., Mieczkowski, M., Kachamakova-Trojanowska, N., Ryszawy, D., Bialas, A., Szelazek, B., Grudnik, P., Majewska, E., Michalik, K., Jakubiec, K., Bien, M., Witkowska, N., Gluza, K., Ekonomiuk, D., Sitarz, K., Galezowski, M., Brzozka, K., Dubin, G., Jozkowicz, A., Dulak, J., Loboda, A.
(2019) Arch Biochem Biophys 671: 130-142
- PubMed: 31276659
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2019.07.002
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1, HMOX1) degrades pro-oxidant heme into carbon monoxide (CO), ferrous ions (Fe 2+ ) and biliverdin. The enzyme exerts multiple cytoprotective functions associated with the promotion of angiogenesis and counteraction of the detrimental effects of cellular stress which are crucial for the survival of both normal and tumor cells. Accordingly, in many tumor types, high expression of HO-1 correlates with poor prognosis and resistance to treatment, i.e. chemotherapy, suggesting inhibition of HO-1 as a possible antitumor approach. At the same time, the lack of selective and well-profiled inhibitors of HO-1 determines the unmet need for new modulators of this enzyme, with the potential to be used in either adjuvant therapy or as the stand-alone targeted therapeutics. In the current study, we provided novel inhibitors of HO-1 and validated the effect of pharmacological inhibition of HO activity by the imidazole-based inhibitor (SLV-11199) in human pancreatic (PANC-1) and prostate (DU-145) cancer cell lines. We demonstrated potent inhibition of HO activity in vitro and showed associated anticancer effectiveness of SLV-11199. Treatment with the tested compound led to decreased cancer cell viability and clonogenic potential. It has also sensitized the cancer cells to chemotherapy. In PANC-1 cells, diminished HO activity resulted in down-regulation of pro-angiogenic factors like IL-8. Mechanistic investigations revealed that the treatment with SLV-11199 decreased cell migration and inhibited MMP-1 and MMP-9 expression. Moreover, it affected mesenchymal phenotype by regulating key modulators of the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) signalling axis. Finally, F-actin cytoskeleton and focal contacts were destabilized by the reported compound. Overall, the current study suggests a possible relevance of the tested novel inhibitor of HO activity as a potential anticancer compound. To support such utility, further investigation is still needed, especially in in vivo conditions.
Malopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7a, 30-387, Kraków, Poland; Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387, Kraków, Poland.