6DZI

Cryo-EM Structure of Mycobacterium smegmatis 70S C(minus) ribosome 70S-MPY complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.46 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Zinc depletion induces ribosome hibernation in mycobacteria.

Li, Y.Sharma, M.R.Koripella, R.K.Yang, Y.Kaushal, P.S.Lin, Q.Wade, J.T.Gray, T.A.Derbyshire, K.M.Agrawal, R.K.Ojha, A.K.

(2018) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 115: 8191-8196

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1804555115
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Bacteria respond to zinc starvation by replacing ribosomal proteins that have the zinc-binding CXXC motif (C+) with their zinc-free (C-) paralogues. Consequences of this process beyond zinc homeostasis are unknown. Here, we show that the C- ribosome ...

    Bacteria respond to zinc starvation by replacing ribosomal proteins that have the zinc-binding CXXC motif (C+) with their zinc-free (C-) paralogues. Consequences of this process beyond zinc homeostasis are unknown. Here, we show that the C- ribosome in Mycobacterium smegmatis is the exclusive target of a bacterial protein Y homolog, referred to as mycobacterial-specific protein Y (MPY), which binds to the decoding region of the 30S subunit, thereby inactivating the ribosome. MPY binding is dependent on another mycobacterial protein, MPY recruitment factor (MRF), which is induced on zinc depletion, and interacts with C- ribosomes. MPY binding confers structural stability to C- ribosomes, promoting survival of growth-arrested cells under zinc-limiting conditions. Binding of MPY also has direct influence on the dynamics of aminoglycoside-binding pockets of the C- ribosome to inhibit binding of these antibiotics. Together, our data suggest that zinc limitation leads to ribosome hibernation and aminoglycoside resistance in mycobacteria. Furthermore, our observation of the expression of the proteins of C- ribosomes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a mouse model of infection suggests that ribosome hibernation could be relevant in our understanding of persistence and drug tolerance of the pathogen encountered during chemotherapy of TB.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA adam.renslo@ucsf.edu ychen1@health.usf.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.,Departments of Biology and Chemistry, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA.,Department of Bioengineering, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, US National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Medicine , Zhejiang University , Hangzhou , China.,Center for Magnetic Resonance, Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.,Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.,Center for Infectious Diseases, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA. David.Thanassi@stonybrook.edu.,Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, McGill University, 3640 University St., Montreal, Quebec, H3A 0C7, Canada.,Organic Synthesis Core, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Postbox 1033 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway. j.e.heggelund@farmasi.uio.no.,University of California, Los Angeles-US Department of Energy Institute of Genomics and Proteomics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Interdisciplinary Biotechnology Unit, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.,Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, United States.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, Austin, TX 78712, USA; Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.,Center for Biological Research, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.,Laboratory of Bioinorganic Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Viale G. Fanin 40, 40127, Bologna, Italy. stefano.ciurli@unibo.it.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027, China liqiong@ustc.edu.cn nli@sibcb.ac.cn.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Postbox 1033 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway. j.b.heim@kjemi.uio.no.,Organic Chemistry Institute, University of Zürich, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology , 61 Biopolis Drive, Proteos , 138673 , Singapore.,Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), Université Grenoble-Alpes (UGA), Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), CNRS, 38044 Grenoble, France; nicolas.pietrancosta@sorbonneuniversite.fr thibaut.crepin@ibs.fr nadia.naffakh@pasteur.fr.,Janelia Research Campus, Ashburn, VA, USA.,Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.,Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871 Osaka, Japan ohkubo@phs.osaka-u.ac.jp nshota@gen-info.osaka-u.ac.jp.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, NO-0315 Oslo, Norway. kaarebj@kjemi.uio.no.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: wfeng@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Mathematics, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom.,Department of Medical Research, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Sec. 1, Chien-Kuo N. Rd., Taichung, Taiwan.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis, Ministry of Education, Department of Pathophysiology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. yingxuxu@shsmu.edu.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Academy of Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,JSC Spronk, Vilnius, Lithuania.,Fondazione Prof. Antonio Imbesi , Piazza Pugliatti 1 , 98100 Messina , Italy.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. zaw@uga.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801; douglasm@illinois.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,LCLS, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, United States of America.,Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.,Division of Genetics, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12208.,Institute for Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201; Rajendra.Agrawal@health.ny.gov Anil.Ojha@health.ny.gov.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, 606-8502 Kyoto, Japan.,Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom; jennifer.andexer@pharmazie.uni-freiburg.de plr2@soton.ac.uk.,Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-4712.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Chemistry , University of California, Irvine , Irvine , California 92697-2025 , United States.,Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer, Université de Montréal, 2590, chemin de Polytechnique, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1J4, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia 30602 , United States.,Biomedical Research Institute National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) Tsukuba Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.,Molecular Biology Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 and.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, US National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA williamsrs@niehs.nih.gov.,Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. beiliwu@simm.ac.cn.,Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, United States.,Structural Bioinformatics Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, Paris, France.,State Key Laboratory for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, IBS (Institut de Biologie Structurale), F-38000, Grenoble, France.,Department of Chemistry , Rikkyo University , Nishi-ikebukuro , Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8501 , Japan.,Molecular Biotechnology, Institute of Biology, Sylvius Laboratory, Leiden University, PO Box 9505, 2300RA Leiden, The Netherlands.,Department of Biology, University of York, York, UK.,Key Laboratory of Structural Biology, Chinese Academy of Science, Hefei, Anhui 230027, China.,Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Pharmacology, Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia.,CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Laboratoire de Bactériologie Clinique, Clermont-Ferrand, France.,Drug Discovery Group Cancer Research UK Manchester Institute, Manchester, UK.,the Departments of Life Sciences and.,Institute of Biochemistry, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. wxu@uw.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, 20814, USA.,Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil. kleber.franchini@lnbio.cnpem.br.,State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Ankara University , 06100 Tandogan, Ankara, Turkey.,Blood Research Institute, BloodCenter of Wisconsin, part of Versiti, Milwaukee, WI.,Department für Chemie, Institut für Biochemie, Universtät zu Köln, Zülpicher Straße 47, D-50674 Köln, Germany.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,CNRS and Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, 61 Avenue du Président Wilson, 94235, Cachan CEDEX, France.,Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, United States.,Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, 3775 University St., Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2B4, Canada. andrea.leblanc@mcgill.ca.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, Shanghai 200125, China.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Klong 1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand.,Department of Biotechnology The University of Tokyo Japan.,Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science, Okayama University of Science, Kita-ku, Okayama, Japan.,Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, California, 94158-9001, United States.,Unité de Génétique Moléculaire des Virus à ARN, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur, 75015 Paris, France; nicolas.pietrancosta@sorbonneuniversite.fr thibaut.crepin@ibs.fr nadia.naffakh@pasteur.fr.,Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China shaowei@xmu.edu.cn nsxia@xmu.edu.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California.,Structural Biology Program, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA. Huilin.Li@vai.org.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis, Ministry of Education, Department of Pathophysiology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. chengq@shsmu.edu.cn.,School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cardiff University , King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3NB, U.K.,Heinrich Pette Institute, Leibniz Institute for Experimental Virology, Hamburg, Germany.,Laboratory of Structural Biology Research, National Institute of Arthritis Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.,Department of Biochemistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai 201203, China liqiong@ustc.edu.cn nli@sibcb.ac.cn.,Neutron Scattering Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Rd, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831, USA.,Stanford PULSE Institute, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,Department of Molecular Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA adam.renslo@ucsf.edu ychen1@health.usf.edu.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10065, United States. Electronic address: xyhuang@med.cornell.edu.,Departments of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.,Departments of Chemistry and Bioinformatics, Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.,Department of Biological Chemistry, UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Department of Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, MD9, Singapore.,Laboratoire de Chimie, UMR 5182 CNRS, École normale supérieure de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France.,Department of Physiology, School of Basic Medical Science, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Zentrum für Synthetische Mikrobiologie SynMikro, Offensive for the Development of Scientific and Economic Excellence of the State of Hesse (LOEWE), 35043 Marburg, Germany.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany; jennifer.andexer@pharmazie.uni-freiburg.de plr2@soton.ac.uk.,From the Biochemistry-Electrochemistry Research Unit, Institute of Science, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand, wipa@sut.ac.th.,Biomedical Sciences, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory Porton Down, SP4 0JQ Salisbury, United Kingdom.,From the Biochemistry-Electrochemistry Research Unit, Institute of Science, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.,Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany.,Department of Urology, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, NO-0315 Oslo, Norway.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201.,Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory, Center for Research in Energy and Materials, Campinas, Brazil. kleber.franchini@lnbio.cnpem.br.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, USA j.garnett@qmul.ac.uk n-cianciotto@northwestern.edu.,Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, 3775 University St., Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2B4, Canada.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Postbox 1033 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway. ute.krengel@kjemi.uio.no.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Center for Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China. chaijj@tsinghua.edu.cn jmzhou@genetics.ac.cn hongweiwang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Nextera AS, NO-0349 Oslo, Norway. g.a.loset@ibv.uio.no.,Department of Neuroscience, Science for Life Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.,Structural Biology Research Center, Institute of Materials Structure Science, KEK/High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0801, Japan. mikio.tanabe@kek.jp.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Polymers and Membranes, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.,Institute of Biochemistry, University of Cologne, Zuelpicher Strasse 47, 50674 Cologne, Germany.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Section of Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Argonne, IL, United States.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095; rclubb@mbi.ucla.edu ton-that.hung@uth.tmc.edu.,Departments of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University, College Station, TX, USA. cnathan@med.cornell.edu sacchett@tamu.edu.,Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom.,Department of Physics and International Centre for Quantum and Molecular Structures, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444, People's Republic of China.,Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Suez Canal University , Ismalia, Egypt.,Department of Biotechnology Biotechnology Research Center Toyama Prefectural University Imizu Japan.,Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.,The Norwegian Structural Biology Centre (NorStruct), Department of Chemistry, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.,Department of Computational Biology and Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8562, Japan.,Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Anesthesiology, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221004, China.,Waksman Institute for Microbiology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854.,Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Department of Environmental Protection, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Granada, Spain jgavira@iact.ugr-csic.es tino.krell@eez.csic.es.,Department of Molecular Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139; keating@mit.edu.,Faculty of Chemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, Noakowskiego 3, 00-664 Warsaw, Poland.,College of Life Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, China.,Institute of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Pawinskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. wxu@uw.edu.,European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, F-38043, Grenoble, France.,Lentigen Technologies, 910 Clopper Road, Gaithersburg, MD, 20878, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602; zaw@uga.edu moremen@uga.edu.,Abteilung molelukare Biowissensschaften, Molekulare Zellbiologie der Pflanzen, Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. beiliwu@simm.ac.cn.,Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, United States. Electronic address: magnuson.steven@gene.com.,WuXi AppTec Co., Ltd., 288 Fute Zhong Road, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Shanghai 200131, People's Republic of China.,Bloomfield Center for Research in Aging, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 Ch. Cote Ste-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1E2, Canada.,Department of Chemistry-Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.,Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, 01003, USA. mmaroney@chem.umass.edu.,Small Molecule Discovery Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.,Faculty of Chemistry, Biological and Chemical Research Centre, University of Warsaw, Żwirki i Wigury 101, 02-089, Warsaw, Poland.,Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA. David.Thanassi@stonybrook.edu.,Mechanobiology Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,Department of Chemistry-Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. johannes.messinger@kemi.uu.se.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis, Ministry of Education, Department of Pathophysiology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. jian.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn.,Laboratory of Structural Biology, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,SSRL, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Internal Medicine, Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United States.,Center of Molecular Immunology, Calle 216 esq 15, Atabey, Playa, La Habana, CP, 11300, Cuba.,Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Biologiche, Farmaceutiche e Ambientali (CHIBIOFARAM) , Polo Universitario SS. Annunziata, Università di Messina , Viale Annunziata , I-98168 Messina , Italy.,Institut für Biologie, Strukturbiologie/Biochemie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10115 Berlin, Germany.,Faculty of Chemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, Noakowskiego 3, 00-664 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: mbretner@ch.pw.edu.pl.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, U.S.A. seongminlee@austin.utexas.edu.,Institute of Virology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1, D-30625, Hannover, Germany.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10065, United States.,Department Biozentrum, Focal Area Structural Biology, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.,Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, INSERM U1071, INRA USC2018, Clermont-Ferrand, France.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, United Kingdom; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Melbourne, Bio21 Institute, 30 Flemington Road, Parkville, 3052, Australia.,Computational and Systems Biology Program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,From the Pennsylvania College of Optometry, Salus University, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania 19027 and.,The John Innes Centre, Department of Biological Chemistry, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, UK. sarah.Oconnor@jic.ac.uk.,Center for Magnetic Resonance, Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. stefano.ciurli@unibo.it.,H3D Drug Discovery and Development Centre, Department of Drug Discovery and Development & Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa; MRC/NHLS/UCT Molecular Mycobacteriology Research Unit, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence for Biomedical TB Research & Wellcome Centre for Infectious Diseases Research in Africa, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine & Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, 7925, South Africa; South African Medical Research Council Drug Discovery and Development Research Unit, Department of Chemistry and Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address: vinayak.singh@uct.ac.za.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Haidian District, Beijing, China.,Laboratory of Protein Metabolism, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,School of Biological Sciences , Nanyang Technological University , 60 Nanyang Drive , 637551 , Singapore . Email: ygao@ntu.edu.sg.,Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871 Osaka, Japan.,Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,The University of Queensland, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: r.mcgeary@uq.edu.au.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Chien-Kuo N. Rd., Taichung, Taiwan.,School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, U.K. jworrall@essex.ac.uk.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Perugia , Via del Liceo, 1-06123 Perugia, Italy.,Biochemie I, Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany.,Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia m.maher@latrobe.edu.au k.truscott@latrobe.edu.au.,Institut Químic de Sarrià, Universitat Ramon Llull, Via Augusta 390, Barcelona, 08017, Spain.,Department of Molecular Biology and Nanobiotechnology, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana; Slovenia. gregor.anderluh@ki.si.,Structural Biology Research Center, VIB, Brussels, Belgium.,Faculty of Physics, Division of Biophysics, Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 5, 02-093, Warsaw, Poland.,The John Innes Centre, Department of Biological Chemistry, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, UK.,CIBER de Enfermedades Raras, Madrid, Spain.,École Normal Supérieure, Cachan, France.,Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,Institute of Organic Chemistry, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Shinshu University, Minamiminowa, Nagano, 399-4598, Japan. jysuh@snu.ac.kr.,Institut Pasteur and CNRS UMR 3525, Biologie des Bactéries Intracellulaires, 25-28 Rue du Dr Roux, 75015, Paris, France.,Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, United States of America.,Microbial Protein Structure Group, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, 35043 Marburg, Germany.,Departments of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA; Pharmaceutical Chemistry, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA; Quantitative Biosciences Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Klong 1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand. Electronic address: ubolsree@biotec.or.th.,Department of Infectious Disease and Global Health, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA, United States of America.,Department of Chemistry, Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, Germany.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China.,Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt, France.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. yitang@ucla.edu.,The University of Queensland, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; Helwan University, Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ein Helwan, Helwan, Egypt.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. kobilka@stanford.edu.,Science Division, Mahidol University International College, Mahidol University, Phutthamonthon 4 Road, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, 73170, Thailand.,UMR 3569, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 75015 Paris, France.,Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory, Center for Research in Energy and Materials, Campinas, Brazil.,Institute of Molecular Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 123182 Moscow, Russia.,Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,From the Department of Chemistry, Division of Biochemistry, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1190 Vienna, Austria.,Division of Structural and Synthetic Biology, RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Japan.,Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.,Department of Membrane Biochemistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1-1-1 Kita-ku, Tsushima-naka, Okayama, 700-8530, Japan.,Chemistry and Geology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via Campi 103, 41125 Modena, Italy, and.,Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439.,ZIK HALOmem, Kurt-Mothes-Straße 3, D-06120, Halle/Saale, Germany.,Dropbox, New York, NY, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, College of Life Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning, China.,Technion Center for Structural Biology , Technion-Israel Institute of Technology , 3200003 Haifa , Israel.,Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.,Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, McGill University, 3655 Promenade Sir-William-Osler, Montréal, Québec, H3G 1Y6, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry, Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer, Université de Montreal, Montreal, Québec, Canada.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871 Osaka, Japan.,Neutron Scattering Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Rd, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831, USA. coatesl@ornl.gov.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.,the Department of Physics, University of Antwerp, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Dipartimento di Scienze del Farmaco, University of Piemonte Orientale, Via Bovio 6, 28100, Novara, Italy.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom.,Nanobiotechnology Unit Associated to the National Center for Biotechnology (CNB-CSIC-IMDEA), Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain.,Neutron Scattering Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA.,Institutionen för Kemi, Kemiskt Biologiskt Centrum, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, Sweden.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 50, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Department of Chemistry , University of Nevada , Reno , Nevada 89557 , United States.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.,Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, United States.,MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, 612 Wilson Road, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, 603 Wilson Road, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA; Environmental Genomics and Systems Biology and Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Divisions, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, United Kingdom.,UMR1173, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), Université de Versailles St. Quentin, 78180 Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France.,Drug Discovery Research Astellas Pharma Inc. Tsukuba Japan.,Geneus Technologies, Ltd, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.,Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030; rclubb@mbi.ucla.edu ton-that.hung@uth.tmc.edu.,Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3711, Durham, North Carolina, 27710, USA. awilliam@pasteur.fr.,Department of Chemistry, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, UK.,Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II, Institute of Pharmacy, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.,Graduate Division of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences , University of Shizuoka , 52-1 Yada , Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 , Japan.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States of America.,School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, U.K.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.,ZIK HALOmem, Kurt-Mothes-Straße 3, D-06120, Halle/Saale, Germany. stubbs@biochemtech.uni-halle.de.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871 Osaka, Japan; ohkubo@phs.osaka-u.ac.jp nshota@gen-info.osaka-u.ac.jp.,Engineering Research Center for the Development and Application of Ethnic Medicine and TCM, Ministry of Education, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, China.,Key Laboratory of Bio-resources and Eco-environment, Ministry of Education, Sichuan Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China.,Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II, Institute of Pharmacy, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany. max.keller@chemie.uni-regensburg.de.,the Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, California 95616.,Center for Infectious Diseases, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.,Institut für Zytobiologie und Zytopathologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, 35033 Marburg, Germany; Lill@staff.uni-marburg.de.,Institutionen för Kemi, Kemiskt Biologiskt Centrum, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, Sweden. johannes.messinger@kemi.uu.se.,MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, 612 Wilson Road, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, 603 Wilson Road, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA; Environmental Genomics and Systems Biology and Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Divisions, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address: ckerfeld@lbl.gov.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, and Center for Structural Biology, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, United States.,Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis, Ministry of Education, Department of Pathophysiology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Structure and Function of Proteins, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Center for Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-organic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. jiahai@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea. jysuh@snu.ac.kr.,Laboratory of Crystallographic Studies, IACT, (CSIC-UGR), Armilla, Spain jgavira@iact.ugr-csic.es tino.krell@eez.csic.es.,Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences and the Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. burrowl@mcmaster.ca.,Departments of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University, College Station, TX, USA.,Institut Químic de Sarrià, Universitat Ramon Llull, Via Augusta 390, Barcelona, 08017, Spain. santi.nonell@iqs.url.edu.,School of Life Sciences and Technology, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, U.S.A.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.,Synchrotron Light Research Institute (Public Organization), 111 Suranaree University Avenue, Suranaree Sub-district, Muang, Nakhon Ratchasima, 30000, Thailand.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, School of Life Sciences, Westlake University, 18 Shilongshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou 310024, Zhejiang Province, China. Electronic address: shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. chengzh@pitt.edu.,Diamond Light Source Ltd, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, UK.,Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, IBS (Institut de Biologie Structurale), F-38000, Grenoble, France. antoine.royant@ibs.fr.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. jyano@lbl.gov.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.,Department of Lipid Signaling, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, University at Albany, Albany, NY 12208.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA. cnathan@med.cornell.edu sacchett@tamu.edu.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China. beiliwu@simm.ac.cn.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,MRC/NHLS/UCT Molecular Mycobacteriology Research Unit, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence for Biomedical TB Research & Wellcome Centre for Infectious Diseases Research in Africa, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine & Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, 7925, South Africa. Electronic address: valerie.mizrahi@uct.ac.za.,Asano Active Enzyme Molecule Project , ERATO, JST , 5180 Kurokawa , Imizu, Toyama 939-0398 , Japan.,Institut für Biologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.,Centre for Immune Regulation and Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital, NO-0372 Oslo, Norway. g.a.loset@ibv.uio.no.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. zhouqiang00@tsinghua.org.cn.,Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Pawinskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.,From the Pennsylvania College of Optometry, Salus University, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania 19027 and adizhoor@salus.edu.,Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Diderot EA302, 75015 Paris, France.,Institute of Life Sciences , Université catholique de Louvain , B-1348 Louvain-La-Neuve , Belgium.,Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, United States of America.,School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.,Department of Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science, Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 333 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, China.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Departments of Physiology and Biological Chemistry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Center for Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 143025 Skolkovo, Russia.,Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,D. E. Shaw Research, New York, NY, USA.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. vkyachandra@lbl.gov.,Structural Biology Program, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.,The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging, Germany.,Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, McGill University, 3640 University St., Montreal, Quebec, H3A 0C7, Canada. andrea.leblanc@mcgill.ca.,Present address: Graduate School of Information Sciences Tohoku University Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 Japan.,Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano", CSIC, 28006 Madrid, Spain. xjuan@iqfr.csic.es.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan beckmann@genzentrum.lmu.de tinada@m.tohoku.ac.jp.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027, China.,Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China.,Agricultural Bioinformatics Research Unit, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan.,Program in Molecular Structure & Function, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada. howell@sickkids.ca.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, F-38043, Grenoble, France. guillaume.gotthard@esrf.fr.,Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory, Center for Research in Energy and Materials, Campinas, Brazil. juliana.oliveira@lnbio.cnpem.br.,Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, 1041 East Lowell Drive, Biosciences West, Tucson, AZ 85281, USA.,Brookhaven National Laboratory, National Synchrotron Light Source, Upton, NY 11973, United States.,European XFEL GmbH, Schenefeld, Germany.,Microbial Protein Structure Group, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, 35043 Marburg, Germany tristan.wagner@mpi-marburg.mpg.de.,Mycobacterial Metabolism and Antibiotic Research Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute , 1 Midland Road, London NW1 1AT, U.K.,ZIK HALOmem, Kurt-Mothes-Straße 3, D-06120, Halle/Saale, Germany. mikio.tanabe@kek.jp.,Basic Clinical Research Center, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.,Asano Active Enzyme Molecule Project ERATOJS TImizu Japan.,Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany. abeck-sickinger@uni-leipzig.de.,Institut für Zytobiologie und Zytopathologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, 35033 Marburg, Germany.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.,Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), University of Grenoble Alpes (UGA), Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), F-38000 Grenoble, France.,Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology and Department of Chemistry, University of Leicester, UK.,From the Department of Chemistry, Division of Biochemistry, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1190 Vienna, Austria, christian.obinger@boku.ac.at.,Department of Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.,Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway. g.a.loset@ibv.uio.no.,Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. gregor.bajc@bf.uni-lj.si.,Laboratory of Bioinorganic Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Viale G. Fanin 40, 40127, Bologna, Italy.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California.,Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. beiliwu@simm.ac.cn.,School of Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore.,Chemistry, and.,The University of Queensland, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Klong 1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand. Electronic address: penchit@biotec.or.th.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Division of Genetics, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12208; Rajendra.Agrawal@health.ny.gov Anil.Ojha@health.ny.gov.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. dsgong@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Bloomfield Center for Research in Aging, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 Ch. Cote Ste-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1E2, Canada. andrea.leblanc@mcgill.ca.,Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI; and.,Department of Biochemistry, Gene Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.,the Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics and Tri-Institutional Training Program in Chemical Biology, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065.,Department of Physics, Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Institute for Nanostructure and Solid State Physics, University of Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: tpsingh.aiims@gmail.com.,College of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry Laboratory, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,NE-CAT, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Lemont, IL 6043, United States.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.,Institut für Biologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany. athina.zouni@hu-berlin.de.,Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA. juan.du@vai.org.,the Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, California 95616 jbames@ucdavis.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biological Science, College of Science and Engineering, Aoyama Gakuin University, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec H4B1R6, Canada.,Department of Cell Biology, Microbiology & Molecular Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA.,York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom; fred.antson@york.ac.uk.,Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion , Stiftstrasse 34-36 , D-45470 , Mülheim an der Ruhr , Germany . Email: chunmao82@gmail.com ; Email: wolfgang.lubitz@cec.mpg.de.,School of Biochemistry, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TD, England.,York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-organic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Academy of Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China. chaijj@tsinghua.edu.cn jmzhou@genetics.ac.cn hongweiwang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Genetics and Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.,Institut Pasteur, Département de Microbiologie, Unité Biologie et Génétique de la Paroi Bactérienne, 28 Rue du Dr. Roux, 75015, Paris, France. awilliam@pasteur.fr.,Vichem Chemie Research Ltd, Rákóczi utca 5, Veszprém, 8200, Hungary.,Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, 01003, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Proteomics/Mass Spectrometry Facility, Center for Functional Genomics, University at Albany, Rensselaer, NY 12144.,Biochemistry and Synthetic Metabolism, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, 35043 Marburg, Germany.,Cecil H. and Ida Green Center for Reproductive Biology Sciences and Division of Basic Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA; Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. Electronic address: yunsun.nam@utsouthwestern.edu.,College of Life Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, China. Electronic address: jujiansong@126.com.,Japan Science and Technology Agency, Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology (PRESTO), Kawaguchi, Saitama, Japan.,Unité de Génétique Moléculaire des Virus à ARN, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur, 75015 Paris, France.,From the Departments of Chemical and Biological Engineering, ajlink@princeton.edu.,Biomedical Research Centre, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, U.K.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3711, Durham, North Carolina, 27710, USA.,Department of Computer Science and Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, 980-8577 Sendai, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China. jiahai@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences and the Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.,Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, The Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Oxford, UK.,Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom j.garnett@qmul.ac.uk n-cianciotto@northwestern.edu.,Bredesen Center, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.,the Department for Structural and Computational Biology, Max F. Perutz Laboratories, University of Vienna, 1030 Vienna, Austria.,Department of Environmental Protection, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Granada, Spain.,Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), Université Grenoble-Alpes (UGA), Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), CNRS, 38044 Grenoble, France.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts, 01854.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, 3649 promenade Sir-William-Osler, Montreal, Quebec, H3G 0B1, Canada.,State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Haidian District, Beijing, China.,Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, China.,Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 08540, USA.,Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Key Laboratory of Tianjin Radiation and Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China.,Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, 611-0011 Kyoto, Japan.,Cecil H. and Ida Green Center for Reproductive Biology Sciences and Division of Basic Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA; Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. vesna.hodnik@novartis.com.,Department of Biotechnology and Food Engineering , Technion-Israel Institute of Technology , Haifa , 3200003 , Israel.,RIKEN, SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan.,Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies in Nanoscience (IMDEA Nanoscience), Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, C/Faraday 9, 28049, Madrid, Spain.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.,Science Division, Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, OX11 0DE, UK.,Neutron Science Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA.,School of Chemistry, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, 4, Ireland.,Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, England.,Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, 606-8502 Kyoto, Japan; miki@kuchem.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Drug Design and Optimization, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China.,Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, 615-8510 Kyoto, Japan.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, California, 94158-9001, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030.,Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, School of Chemistry, The University of Manchester , 131 Princess Street, Manchester M1 7DN, U.K.,Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7HB, UK.,Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA. wei.lu@vai.org.,Université Paris Descartes, CNRS UMR 8601, Laboratoire de Chimie et Biochimie Pharmacologiques et Toxicologiques, Equipe Chimie & Biologie, Modélisation et Immunologie pour la Thérapie, 75006 Paris, France nicolas.pietrancosta@sorbonneuniversite.fr thibaut.crepin@ibs.fr nadia.naffakh@pasteur.fr.,Sorbonne Université, Collège doctoral, 75005, Paris, France.,Physical Biosciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California.,National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Disease, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.,Department of Computational Biology and Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8562, Japan. kozo_tomita@cbms.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA wcatt@uw.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, China. Electronic address: sudan@scu.edu.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy/Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.,Center for Biophysics and Quantitative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.,Institute of Biocomputation and Physics of Complex Systems (BIFI)-Joint Units: BIFI-IQFR (CSIC) and GBsC-CSIC, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Universidad de Zaragoza, Fundacion ARAID, Gobierno de Aragon, Spain, Aragon Health Research Institute (IIS Aragon), Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, UNESP-Univ Estadual Paulista , Araraquara, São Paulo14801-902, Brazil.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, NO-0315 Oslo, Norway. ute.krengel@kjemi.uio.no.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology and Nanobiotechnology, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana; Slovenia. vesna.hodnik@novartis.com.,Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. yitang@ucla.edu.,Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), University of California, Berkeley, California.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Laboratory of Structural Biology, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China raozh@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,David Van Andel Advanced Cryo-Electron Microscopy Suite, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.,Biomedical Research Centre, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, U.K. c.dong@uea.ac.uk.,Université Paris Descartes, CNRS UMR 8601, Laboratoire de Chimie et Biochimie Pharmacologiques et Toxicologiques, Equipe Chimie & Biologie, Modélisation et Immunologie pour la Thérapie, 75006 Paris, France.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Ciències de la Salut, University of the Balearic Islands, Mallorca, Spain.,Large Scale Structures Group, Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble Cedex 9, 38042, France.,From the Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076, India.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmacy , National University of Singapore , 18 Science Drive 4 , 117543 , Singapore . Email: esther.woon@nus.edu.sg ; ; Tel: +65 6516 2932.,the Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom, and.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. howell@sickkids.ca.,the Department of Advanced Bioscience, Kindai University, Nara 631-8505 Japan.,Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, United States. Electronic address: vickie.tsui@aya.yale.edu.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) Grenoble, 38042 Grenoble, France.,Laboratoire de Chimie et Biochimie Pharmacologiques et Toxicologiques, Equipe Synthèse Organique pour la Recherche Biomédicale, Université Paris Descartes, CNRS UMR 8601, 75006 Paris, France.,MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, 612 Wilson Road, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, 603 Wilson Road, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.,Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 639 Zhizaoju Lu, Shanghai 200011, China.,Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Chiyoda-ku, 102-0076 Tokyo, Japan.,Advanced Analysis Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, 02792, Korea.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China.,Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,Monash Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. alexander.serganov@nyumc.org.,Immunology Program, Sloan Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.,From the Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076, India pbhaumik@iitb.ac.in.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.,Department of Chemistry Graduate School of Science Kyoto University Japan.,Institute for Medical Physics and Biophysics, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871 Osaka, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, Austin, TX 78712, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.,Biotechnology Research Center and Department of Biotechnology , Toyama Prefectural University , 5180 Kurokawa , Imizu, Toyama 939-0398 , Japan.,Infectious Diseases Therapeutic Area, Sanofi, Marcy-l'Étoile, France.,Institut für Biochemie und Biotechnologie, Charles-Tanford-Proteinzentrum, Martin-Luther Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Kurt-Mothes-Straße 3a, D-06120, Halle/Saale, Germany.,Bioss Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Medicinal Bioinformatics Center, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. jian.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn.,Institut für Biochemie und Biotechnologie, Charles-Tanford-Proteinzentrum, Martin-Luther Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Kurt-Mothes-Straße 3a, D-06120, Halle/Saale, Germany. stubbs@biochemtech.uni-halle.de.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Austin, TX, 78712, USA. Electronic address: whitman@austin.utexas.edu.,Department of Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. jacobsen@ucla.edu.,From the Departments of Chemical and Biological Engineering.,Laboratory of Crystallographic Studies, IACT, (CSIC-UGR), Armilla, Spain.,Department of Biochemistry, Gene Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, University of Munich, Munich, Germany beckmann@genzentrum.lmu.de tinada@m.tohoku.ac.jp.,CNRS and Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, 61 Avenue du Président Wilson, 94235, Cachan CEDEX, France. jacqueline.cherfils@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,Basic Clinical Research Center, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. jian.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn.,Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. Electronic address: ron.diskin@weizmann.ac.il.,Present address: Department of Cell Biology Graduate School of Medicine Kyoto University Yoshidakonoe-cho, Sakyo-ku Kyoto 606-8501 Japan.,Advanced Science Research Center, Okayama University, 1-1-1 Kita-ku, Tsushima-naka, Okayama, 700-8530, Japan.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo, Hyogo, Japan.,European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, F-38043, Grenoble, France. antoine.royant@ibs.fr.,Centre for Immune Regulation and Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital, NO-0372 Oslo, Norway.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CONSERVED PROTEIN DOMAIN
j
32N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S3
k
208Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsC
Find proteins for A0QSD7 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD7
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S4
l
200Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsD
Find proteins for A0QSL7 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSL7
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S5
m
180Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsE
Find proteins for A0QSG6 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSG6
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S6
n
96Mycolicibacterium smegmatisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsF
Find proteins for A0A0D6J3X3 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0D6J3X3
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S7
p
155Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsG
Find proteins for A0QS97 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QS97
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S8
q
131Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsH
Find proteins for A0QSG3 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSG3
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S9
4
126Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsI
Find proteins for A0QSP9 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSP9
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S10
s
99Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsJ
Find proteins for A0QSD0 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD0
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S11
t
115Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsK
Find proteins for A0QSL6 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSL6
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S12
u
122Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsL
Find proteins for A0QS96 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QS96
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S13
v
116Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsM
Find proteins for A0QSL5 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSL5
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S15
x
88Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsO
Find proteins for A0QVQ3 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QVQ3
Entity ID: 15
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S16
z
113Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsP
Find proteins for A0QV37 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QV37
Entity ID: 16
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S17
5
94Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsQ
Find proteins for A0QSE0 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSE0
Entity ID: 17
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S19
6
82Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsS
Find proteins for A0QSD5 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD5
Entity ID: 18
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S20
7
85Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsT
Find proteins for A0R102 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R102
Entity ID: 19
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S2
8
228Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsB
Find proteins for A0QVB8 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QVB8
Entity ID: 20
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S18 1
r
84Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsR1 (rpsR2)
Find proteins for A0R549 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R549
Entity ID: 21
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Ribosome hibernation promoting factor
Y
103Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: hpf
Find proteins for A0QTK6 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QTK6
Entity ID: 22
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S14
9
100Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsN
Find proteins for A0R550 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R550
Entity ID: 25
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L2
C
275Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplB
Find proteins for A0QSD4 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD4
Entity ID: 26
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L3
D
214Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplC
Find proteins for A0QSD1 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD1
Entity ID: 27
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L4
E
209Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplD
Find proteins for A0QSD2 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD2
Entity ID: 28
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L5
F
182Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplE
Find proteins for A0QSG1 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSG1
Entity ID: 29
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L6
G
176Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplF
Find proteins for A0QSG4 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSG4
Entity ID: 30
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L9
H
151Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplI
Find proteins for A0R7F6 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R7F6
Entity ID: 31
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L10
I
126Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplJ
Find proteins for A0QS62 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QS62
Entity ID: 32
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L11
J
133Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplK
Find proteins for A0QS45 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QS45
Entity ID: 33
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L13
K
146Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplM
Find proteins for A0QSP8 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSP8
Entity ID: 34
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L14
L
122Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplN
Find proteins for A0QSF9 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSF9
Entity ID: 35
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L15
M
145Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplO
Find proteins for I7G436 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  I7G436
Entity ID: 36
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L16
N
136Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplP
Find proteins for A0QSD8 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD8
Entity ID: 37
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L17
O
118Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplQ
Find proteins for A0QSL9 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSL9
Entity ID: 38
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L18
P
126Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplR
Find proteins for I7FGD9 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  I7FGD9
Entity ID: 39
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L19
Q
113Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplS
Find proteins for A0QV42 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QV42
Entity ID: 40
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L20
R
124Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplT
Find proteins for A0QYU6 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QYU6
Entity ID: 41
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L21
S
100Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplU
Find proteins for A0R151 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R151
Entity ID: 42
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L22
T
114Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplV
Find proteins for A0QSD6 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD6
Entity ID: 43
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L23
U
97Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplW
Find proteins for A0QSD3 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD3
Entity ID: 44
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L24
V
105Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplX
Find proteins for A0QSG0 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSG0
Entity ID: 45
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L25
W
192Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rplY (ctc)
Find proteins for A0R3D2 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R3D2
Entity ID: 46
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L27
X
79Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmA
Find proteins for A0R150 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R150
Entity ID: 47
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L29
Z
64Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmC
Find proteins for A0QSD9 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSD9
Entity ID: 48
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L30
a
59Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmD
Find proteins for A0QSG7 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSG7
Entity ID: 49
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L32
b
54Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmF
Find proteins for A0R3I9 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R3I9
Entity ID: 50
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L33 2
c
53Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmG2
Find proteins for A0R551 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R551
Entity ID: 51
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L34
d
46Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmH
Find proteins for A0R7K0 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R7K0
Entity ID: 52
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L35
e
63Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmI
Find proteins for A0QYU7 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QYU7
Entity ID: 53
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L36
f
37Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmJ
Find proteins for A0QSL4 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QSL4
Entity ID: 54
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L31
g
82Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpmE
Find proteins for A0R554 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0R554
Entity ID: 55
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
50S ribosomal protein L28
y
77N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 56
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Uncharacterized protein
3
23Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A0QTP4 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QTP4
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
16S rRNAh1511Mycolicibacterium smegmatis MC2 155
Entity ID: 23
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
23 S rRNA (3119-MER)A3119Mycolicibacterium smegmatis MC2 155
Entity ID: 24
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5S RNA (118-MER)B118Mycolicibacterium smegmatis MC2 155
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.46 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Human Genome Research Institute (NIH/NHGRI)United StatesGM061576
National Institutes of Health/National Human Genome Research Institute (NIH/NHGRI)United StatesAI107595
National Institutes of Health/National Human Genome Research Institute (NIH/NHGRI)United StatesAI097191

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-09-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-12-18
    Type: Author supporting evidence