6BG4

Caspase-3 Mutant- T152D


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.87 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.207 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Modifications to a common phosphorylation network provide individualized control in caspases.

Thomas, M.E.Grinshpon, R.Swartz, P.Clark, A.C.

(2018) J Biol Chem 293: 5447-5461

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.000728
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6BDV, 6BG4, 6BFK, 6BFJ, 6BFL, 6BFO, 6BG0, 6BG1, 6BGS, 6BH9, 6BGK, 6BGR, 6BGQ, 6BHA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Caspase-3 activation and function have been well-defined during programmed cell death, but caspase activity, at low levels, is also required for developmental processes such as lymphoid proliferation and erythroid differentiation. Post-translational modification of caspase-3 is one method used by cells to fine-tune activity below the threshold required for apoptosis, but the allosteric mechanism that reduces activity is unknown ...

    Caspase-3 activation and function have been well-defined during programmed cell death, but caspase activity, at low levels, is also required for developmental processes such as lymphoid proliferation and erythroid differentiation. Post-translational modification of caspase-3 is one method used by cells to fine-tune activity below the threshold required for apoptosis, but the allosteric mechanism that reduces activity is unknown. Phosphorylation of caspase-3 at a conserved allosteric site by p38-MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) promotes survival in human neutrophils, and the modification of the loop is thought to be a key regulator in many developmental processes. We utilized phylogenetic, structural, and biophysical studies to define the interaction networks that facilitate the allosteric mechanism in caspase-3. We show that, within the modified loop, Ser 150 evolved with the apoptotic caspases, whereas Thr 152 is a more recent evolutionary event in mammalian caspase-3. Substitutions at Ser 150 result in a pH-dependent decrease in dimer stability, and localized changes in the modified loop propagate to the active site of the same protomer through a connecting surface helix. Likewise, a cluster of hydrophobic amino acids connects the conserved loop to the active site of the second protomer. The presence of Thr 152 in the conserved loop introduces a "kill switch" in mammalian caspase-3, whereas the more ancient Ser 150 reduces without abolishing enzyme activity. These data reveal how evolutionary changes in a conserved allosteric site result in a common pathway for lowering activity during development or a more recent cluster-specific switch to abolish activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    the Department of Biology, University of Texas, Arlington, Texas 76019 clay.clark@uta.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Caspase-3A, C [auth B]175Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: CASP3CPP32
EC: 3.4.22.56
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P42574 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P42574 
Go to UniProtKB:  P42574
PHAROS:  P42574
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Caspase-3B [auth E], D [auth F]102Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CASP3CPP32
EC: 3.4.22.56
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P42574 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P42574 
Go to UniProtKB:  P42574
PHAROS:  P42574
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AC-ASP-GLU-VAL-ASP-CMKE [auth C], F [auth D]6Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AZI
Query on AZI

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
J [auth A]AZIDE ION
N3
IVRMZWNICZWHMI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H [auth A], Q [auth B]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A] , I [auth A] , K [auth E] , L [auth E] , M [auth E] , N [auth B] , O [auth B] , P [auth B] , 
G [auth A],  I [auth A],  K [auth E],  L [auth E],  M [auth E],  N [auth B],  O [auth B],  P [auth B],  R [auth F],  S [auth F],  T [auth F],  U [auth F],  V [auth F]
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 3
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000238
Query on PRD_000238
E [auth C], F [auth D]Ac-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-CMKPeptide-like /  Inhibitor Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.87 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.207 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 109.209α = 90
b = 96.685β = 126.76
c = 68.626γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2018-02-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-04-25
    Changes: Data collection, Database references