Crystal structures of pyrrolidone-carboxylate peptidase I from Deinococcus radiodurans reveal the mechanism of L-pyroglutamate recognition.Agrawal, R., Singh, R., Kumar, A., Kumar, A., Makde, R.D.
(2019) Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol 75: 308-316
- PubMed: 30950401
- DOI: 10.1107/S2059798319000676
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Pyrrolidone-carboxylate peptidase (PCP) catalyzes the removal of an unusual amino acid, L-pyroglutamate (pG), from the N-termini of peptides and proteins. It has implications in the functional regulation of different peptides in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes ...
Pyrrolidone-carboxylate peptidase (PCP) catalyzes the removal of an unusual amino acid, L-pyroglutamate (pG), from the N-termini of peptides and proteins. It has implications in the functional regulation of different peptides in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. However, the pG-recognition mechanism of the PCP enzyme remains largely unknown. Here, crystal structures of PCP I from Deinococcus radiodurans (PCPdr) are reported in pG-free and pG-bound forms at resolutions of 1.73 and 1.55 Å, respectively. Four protomers in PCPdr form a tetrameric structure. The residues responsible for recognizing the pG residue are mostly contributed by a flexible loop (loop A) that is present near the active site. These residues are conserved in all known PCPs I, including those from mammals. Phe9 and Phe12 of loop A form stacking interactions with the pyrrolidone ring of pG, while Asn18 forms a hydrogen bond to OE of pG. The main chain of a nonconserved residue, Leu71, forms two hydrogen bonds to NH and OE of pG. Thus, pG is recognized in the S1 substrate subsite of the enzyme by both van der Waals and polar interactions, which provide specificity for the pG residue of the peptide. In contrast to previously reported PCP I structures, the PCPdr tetramer is in a closed conformation with an inaccessible active site. The structures show that the active site can be accessed by the substrates via disordering of loop A. This disordering could also prevent product inhibition by releasing the bound pG product from the S1 subsite, thus allowing the enzyme to engage a fresh substrate.
High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400 085, India.