5YB1

Structure and function of human serum albumin-metal agent complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.616 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Developing an Anticancer Copper(II) Multitarget Pro-Drug Based on the His146 Residue in the IB Subdomain of Modified Human Serum Albumin.

Wang, J.Gou, Y.Zhang, Z.Yu, P.Qi, J.Qin, Q.Sun, H.Wu, X.Liang, H.Yang, F.

(2018) Mol. Pharm. 15: 2180-2193

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.8b00045

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Designing a multitarget anticancer drug with improved delivery and therapeutic efficiency in vivo presents a great challenge. Thus, we proposed to design an anticancer multitarget metal pro-drug derived from thiosemicarbazone based on the His146 resi ...

    Designing a multitarget anticancer drug with improved delivery and therapeutic efficiency in vivo presents a great challenge. Thus, we proposed to design an anticancer multitarget metal pro-drug derived from thiosemicarbazone based on the His146 residue in the IB subdomain of palmitic acid (PA)-modified human serum albumin (HSA-PA). The structure-activity relationship of six Cu(II) compounds with 6-methyl-2-formylpyridine- 4 N-substituted thiosemicarbazones were investigated, and then the multitarget capability of 4b was confirmed in cancer cell DNA and proteins. The structure of the HSA-PA-4b complex (HSA-PA-4b) revealed that 4b is bound to the IB subdomain of modified HSA, and that His146 replaces the nitrate ligand in 4b, coordinating with Cu 2+ , whereas PA is complexed with the IIA subdomain by its carboxyl forming hydrogen bonds with Lys199 and His242. In vivo data showed that 4b and the HSA-PA-4b complex inhibit lung tumor growth, and the targeting ability and therapeutic efficacy of the PA-modified HSA complex was stronger than 4b alone.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Life Sciences, KNU Creative BioResearch Group, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.,Structural Biology Unit, Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom.,Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology (PRESTO), Saitama, Japan.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. maojunyang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9039, USA.,From the Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan and shimizu@mol.f.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Sanofi-Aventis Pharma Deutschland GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University , Corvallis, Oregon 97331, United States.,Department of Biotechnology and Food Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel afishman@tx.technion.ac.il.,Department of Integrative Structural Biology, Institute of Genetics and of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut National de la Santé de la Recherche Médicale, Université de Strasbourg, 1 rue Laurent Fries, Illkirch, 67404, France.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University, Stanford, United States.,Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 444-8787, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan. aki-naka@ims.ac.jp.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Hebei Collaboration Innovation Center for Cell Signaling, Hebei Key Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, 050024, China. dayesun@mail.hebtu.edu.cn.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore. Electronic address: cbkang@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,I2BC, SB2SM, CNRS UMR 9198, CEA Saclay, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,ACRF Chemical Biology Division, The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.,Charles River , Chesterford Research Park , Saffron Walden CB10 1XL , U.K.,Internal Medicine D, Department of Nephrology, Hypertension and Rheumatology, University Hospital Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany, and.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju, 61452, Republic of Korea. Sunglee@chosun.ac.kr.,EMBL, CS 90181, 71 AV des Martyrs, 38009, Grenoble (38), France.,Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 1819 East 101st Street, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-8816, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, 21521, Egypt; Department of Analytical & Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy & Drug Manufacturing, Pharos University in Alexandria, Egypt.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.; Department of Anatomy, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Centre for Biological Sciences and Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Highfield Campus, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK.,School of Physical Sciences & Computing, Division of Chemistry, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, United Kingdom; School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore.,Department of Anatomy, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.,CryoEM and Bioimaging Division, SSRL, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, 94025, USA.,Anesthesiology, Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University school of Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, China.,Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , University of Bern , Freiestrasse 3 , 3012 Bern , Switzerland.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Biochemistry & Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. Electronic address: ddleonidas@bio.uth.gr.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China.,From the Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QP and.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.,Protein Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany; BioSupraMol Core Facility, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Department of Biochemistry & Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece.,Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8204, United States.,Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. ilia.voskoboinik@petermac.org.,Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy/Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.,Molecular Medicine Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada.,Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratory, Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Hebei Collaboration Innovation Center for Cell Signaling, Hebei Key Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, 050024, China.,Département de Biochimie, de Microbiologie et de Bio-Informatique, IBIS et PROTEO, Université Laval, Pavillon Charles-Eugène Marchand, Québec, Canada.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università di Milano, Via Celoria 26, I-20133 Milano, Italy.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. stephanie.gras@monash.edu.,Biotechnology Research Centre, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK.,Department of Pharmacy, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy. tiziano.marzo@unipi.it.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry, Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany; Department of Molecular Physics, Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Shandong Asia-pacific Highharve Organisms Science and Technology, CO., LTD, China.,National Pesticide Engineering Research Center, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China.,Protein Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, VA, 20147, USA.,Ben May Department for Cancer Research , University of Chicago , Chicago , Illinois 60637 , United States.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai , Shanghai, China.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80126 Napoli, Italy. giarita.ferraro@gmail.com.,CHDI Management/CHDI Foundation , 6080 Center Drive , Los Angeles , California 90045 , United States.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine and Medical Centre, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università di Milano, Via Celoria 26, I-20133 Milano, Italy; CNR-IBF, Istituto di Biofisica, Via Celoria 26, I-20133 Milano, Italy.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA.,School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom.,Axe Molecular Endocrinology and Nephrology, CHU de Québec Research Center, Department of Molecular Medicine, Laval University, Québec, Canada.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yuquan Rd, Shijingshan District, Beijing, 100049, China.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università di Milano, Via Celoria 26, I-20133 Milano, Italy; Centro di Ricerca Pediatrica R.E. Invernizzi, Università di Milano, Via Celoria 26, I-20133 Milano, Italy.,Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita-9 Nishi-9, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8589, Japan. Electronic address: kimura@abs.agr.hokudai.ac.jp.,Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9, Canada.,Institute for Biochemistry, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Albertstrasse 21, 79104, Freiburg, Germany. einsle@biochemie.uni-freiburg.de.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China. Electronic address: xu_sujuan@sdu.edu.cn.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9040, USA.,Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031, India ashish_arora@cdri.res.in.,Structural Biology Unit, Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain.,From the Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan and umeji@mol.f.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Polymers and Membranes, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH B3 495 (Bâtiment CH) Station 6, Lausanne 1015, Switzerland.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,GlaxoSmithKline, 1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA.,School of Pharmacy , Nantong University , Nantong , Jiangsu 226000 , China.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, VIC, 3010, Australia.,Institute for Biochemistry, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Albertstrasse 21, 79104, Freiburg, Germany.,Department of Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 38105, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, United States.,Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Debrecen, POB 400, H-4002 Debrecen, Hungary.,From the Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan and.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address: ylwang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, 4000 15th Ave NE, Bagley Hall, Seattle, WA, 98195-1700, USA.,Institute of Plant and Food Science, Department of Biology, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518055, China. jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, Shanghai Key Laboratory of New Drug Design, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science & Technology, Shanghai, China.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80126 Napoli, Italy. antonello.merlino@unina.it.,From the Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, 21521, Egypt.,Cancer Cell Death Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.,Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 38105, USA.,Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201203, China.,College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.,Department of Biology, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518055, China.,From the Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom, bsssb@bath.ac.uk.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,Killer Cell Biology Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. amelia.brennan@petermac.org.,Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Química-Física "Rocasolano," Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, E-28006 Madrid, Spain; xjuan@iqfr.csic.es mobashery@nd.edu.,Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India. Electronic address: scbihani@barc.gov.in.,Research Complex at Harwell, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0FA, United Kingdom.,York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington YO10 5DD, United Kingdom.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.,Department of Crystallography/Biological Sciences, Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Birkbeck College, London, UK.,Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita-9 Nishi-9, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8589, Japan.,Department of Functional Molecular Science, SOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), Hayama, 240-0193, Japan. aki-naka@ims.ac.jp.,Department of Integrative Structural Biology, Institute of Genetics and of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut National de la Santé de la Recherche Médicale, Université de Strasbourg, 1 rue Laurent Fries, Illkirch, 67404, France. rochel@igbmc.fr.,Departments of Bioengineering, and of Microbiology and Immunology, and James H. Clark Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. wahc@stanford.edu.,Ilse Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China; Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: cong@sibcb.ac.cn.,Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.,Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Himachal Pradesh, India.,Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201203, China. Liyang@simm.ac.cn.,GlaxoSmithKline, 5 Moore Drive, P.O. Box 13398, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.,Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 444-8787, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan.,Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing, The School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, North Tce, Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, 38163, United States.,Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, 7610001 Rehovot, Israel; dan.tawfik@weizmann.ac.il Bar-Even@mpimp-golm.mpg.de.,School of Physical Sciences & Computing, Division of Chemistry, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: jhayes@uclan.ac.uk.,School of Chemistry, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, UK.,Molecular Medicine Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada; john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca.,Sinovac Biotech Co., Ltd, Beijing, China.,Leeds Institute of Cancer and Pathology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS9 7TF, United Kingdom.,the Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Cambridge CB2 0XY, United Kingdom.,Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Göteborg, Sweden.,Department of Immunology and Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Physiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9040, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. stephanie.gras@monash.edu.,the Long School of Medicine, University of Texas Health San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh, 33516, Egypt.,CAS Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China; Qingdao Engineering Laboratory of Single Cell Oil, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China. Electronic address: fengyg@qibebt.ac.cn.,Department of Biophysics, The Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: rswei@hsc.pku.edu.cn.,Structiural Biology, Takeda California Inc., 10410 Science Center Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.,Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.,Department of Material Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka, 558-8585, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556; xjuan@iqfr.csic.es mobashery@nd.edu.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing , China. raozh@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 38105, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics and National Center for Plant Gene Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. xfcao@genetics.ac.cn.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.,Killer Cell Biology Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.,Department of Biophysics, The Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: zhusujie87@126.com.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 3, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, United States.,Department of Chemistry and Key Laboratory of Organic Optoelectronics and Molecular Engineering of the Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,CAS Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China; Qingdao Engineering Laboratory of Single Cell Oil, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China.,HIT Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150080, China.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. xfcao@genetics.ac.cn.,Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology, Bangalore, India.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università di Milano, Via Celoria 26, I-20133 Milano, Italy; CNR-IBF, Istituto di Biofisica, Via Celoria 26, I-20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: mario.milani@unimi.it.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201602, China.,Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Kyoto, Japan.,From the Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QP and scg34@cam.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Cell Biology, Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie (FMP), 13125 Berlin, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy. luigi.messori@unifi.it.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, 21521, Egypt. Electronic address: ahmed.belal@alexu.edu.eg.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: luodahai@ntu.edu.sg.,Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. gaon@pku.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University , Ithaca, New York 14853, United States.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Section of Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, South Cass Avenue 9700, Argonne, IL 60439, U.S.A. bartosz.sekula@nih.gov.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80126 Napoli, Italy. ruffo@unina.it.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute of Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Bundoora, 3084, VIC, Australia.,Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544.,HIT Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150080, China. huangzhiwei@hit.edu.cn.,From the Departments of Cell and Integrative Physiology and shapirom@uthscsa.edu.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China; Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Quantitative Biology and Medicine, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, 113-0032 Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India. Electronic address: shailfbt@iitr.ac.in.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Biomedical Centre, Uppsala University, 75124 Uppsala, Sweden.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, 7610001 Rehovot, Israel.,Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita-9 Nishi-9, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8589, Japan. Electronic address: okuyama@abs.agr.hokudai.ac.jp.,Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.,Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama, 700-8530, Japan. shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; Yunnan Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, China; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: liuzhj@shanghaitech.edu.cn.,Department of Microbiology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xian, Shanxi, China.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA; National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program (NIMH PDSP), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.,Department of Immunology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.,Enamine, Kiev, Ukraine.,Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University, Mito, Japan.,The ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.,CAS Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China; Qingdao Engineering Laboratory of Single Cell Oil, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; Yunnan Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, China; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing , China. xiangxi@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. c.n.hunter@sheffield.ac.uk.,CryoEM and Bioimaging Division, SSRL, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, 94025, USA. wahc@stanford.edu.,Faculty of Biology, Technion- Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, 38163, United States. wli@uthsc.edu.,Department of Molecular Reproduction, Development and Genetics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.,Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 444-8787, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan. iino@ims.ac.jp.,Louis V. Gerstner Jr. Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, United States.,Molecular Biology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India; Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushakti Nagar, Mumbai 400094, India.,Faculty of Advance Life Science, Hokkaido University, Kita-10 Nishi-8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-0810, Japan.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Molecular Biology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India; Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushakti Nagar, Mumbai 400094, India. Electronic address: aballal@barc.gov.in.,Department of Biotechnology and Food Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.,Nurix, Inc, 1700 Owens Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China; Center for Precision Medicine Multi-Omics Research, Peking University Health Science Center; State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.,National Taras Shevchenko University of Kiev, Kiev, Ukraine.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QU, United Kingdom.,Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine and Medical Centre, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, 21521, Egypt. Electronic address: ae88@aub.edu.lb.,Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Service, VA Medical Center at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35294, United States.,Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China.,Molecular Genetics, Institute of Life Science, Kurume University, Fukuoka, Japan.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Department of Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. s.iwata@mfour.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,From the Departments of Cell and Integrative Physiology and.,Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University , College Station, Texas 77843, United States.,Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Debrecen, POB 400, H-4002 Debrecen, Hungary. Electronic address: somsak.laszlo@science.unideb.hu.,Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama, 700-8530, Japan.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università di Milano, Via Celoria 26, I-20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: giovanni.bertoni@unimi.it.,Department of Chemistry, University of Turku, Joint Biotechnology Laboratory, Arcanum, 20500 Turku, Finland; anton.zavialov@utu.fi.,Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, United States.,Technion Center for Structural Biology, Lorry I. Lokey Center for Life Sciences and Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. bshoichet@gmail.com.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Section of Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, South Cass Avenue 9700, Argonne, IL 60439, U.S.A.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA; National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program (NIMH PDSP), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA; Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. Electronic address: bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.,Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India.,Department of Biology, University of York, York, United Kingdom.,State Key Laboratory for the Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Medicinal Resources , Guangxi Normal University , Guilin , Guangxi 541003 , China.,Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad 201002, India.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, United States.,Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, Bridge Institute, Michelson Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA; Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny 141700, Russia.,Department of Biophysics, The Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China; Electron Microscopy Analysis Laboratory, The Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China; Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China. Electronic address: ccyin@hsc.pku.edu.cn.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.; Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zürich, Switzerland.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, VIC, 3010, Australia. kkedz@unimelb.edu.au.,Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, Bridge Institute, Michelson Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.,BIOSS Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, Schänzlestr. 1, 79104, Freiburg, Germany. einsle@biochemie.uni-freiburg.de.,School of Molecular Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, 6009, Australia.,Department of Dermatology, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cancer Chemoprevention Program, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35294, United States.,Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research , Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University , 75 Ames Street , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02142 , United States.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031, India.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Gateway House, Leicester, LE1 9BH, United Kingdom.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.,X-ray Crystallography Facility, National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi 110067, India.,Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 20, Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing, 100093, China. shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544; ajlink@princeton.edu.,Department of Biophysics, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Basel, BPR 1096, Mattenstrasse 24a, 4058 Basel, Switzerland.,Program in Viruses and Emerging Pathogens, Infectious Diseases Institute; Center for Retrovirus Research, Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Microbial Infection and Immunity, and Microbiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. dbarford@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Oncology Drug Discovery Unit, Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju, 61452, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, 32000 Haifa, Israel.,Department of Functional Molecular Science, SOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), Hayama, 240-0193, Japan. iino@ims.ac.jp.,RIKEN, SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, Japan. s.iwata@mfour.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, TN, 38104, United States.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. jir322@gmail.com.,Clean Energy Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea.,Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia (IBV-CSIC), Valencia, Spain.,Department of Chemistry, University of Turku, Joint Biotechnology Laboratory, Arcanum, 20500 Turku, Finland.,Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 38105, USA. suzanne.jackowski@stjude.org.,Departments of Physiology and Biological Chemistry, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,The National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201602, China. jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China. Electronic address: sdsd620620@163.com.,Enzymology and Biophysical Chemistry, Takeda California Inc., 10410 Science Center Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.,KNU Institute for Microorganisms, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.,State Key Laboratory and Institute of Elemento-Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, United States.,Center for Biological Resources and Informatics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, 226-8501, Japan.,RIKEN, SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, Japan.,Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Łódź, Tamka 12, 91-403, Poland.,Gavin Herbert Eye Institute and the Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Irvine, 829 Health Sciences Road, Irvine, CA 92617, USA.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, United States.,Structural Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Departments of Bioengineering, and of Microbiology and Immunology, and James H. Clark Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,Laboratory on the Mechanism and Regulation of Protein Synthesis, Eunice K Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, United States.,Protein Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: chfreund@zedat.fu-berlin.de.,Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program (NIMH PDSP), School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; luke.guddat@uq.edu.au.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, United States.,School of Chemistry and Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.,State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics and National Center for Plant Gene Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80126 Napoli, Italy. cuccioli@unina.it.,Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, D-35043 Marburg, Germany.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant'Angelo, via Cinthia 21, 80126, Naples, Italy.,Department of Photon Science, Stanford University, Stanford, United States.,Astex Pharmaceuticals, 436 Cambridge Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0QA, UK.,Department of Biophysics, The Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: 492195372@qq.com.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Marine Biotechnology Research Center, Institute of Marine Science and Technology, Shandong University, Jinan, China.,Department of Microbiology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xian, Shanxi, China. zhikaixu@fmmu.edu.cn.,Killer Cell Biology Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. ilia.voskoboinik@petermac.org.,Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto de Química-Física "Rocasolano," Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, E-28006 Madrid, Spain.,Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Center of Molecular Biology, ZHAW Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Einsiedlerstrasse 31, 8820, Wädenswil, Switzerland.,Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt.,Department of Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.,Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 20, Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing, 100093, China.,Roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry , University of Pennsylvania , 231 South 34th Street , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania 19104-6323 , United States.,Department of Environmental Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju, 61452, Republic of Korea.,Department of Virology, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, China.,Center for Cellular Imaging and NanoAnalytics, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Mattenstrasse 26, 4058 Basel, Switzerland.,Microbiology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031, India.,GlaxoSmithKline, 5 Moore Drive, P.O. Box 13398, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA. Electronic address: david.n.deaton@gsk.com.,the Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama 332-0012, Japan.,Department of Biophysics, The Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: liucc@bjmu.edu.cn.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA.,Universität Wien, Fakultät für Chemie, Institut für Biophysikalische Chemie, Althanstraße 14, 1090, Wien, Austria.,Department of Medical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. xfcao@genetics.ac.cn.,Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory, University of Oxford, OX1 3QZ Oxford, United Kingdom.,Unilever Discover, Bedford, United Kingdom.,Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, 113-0032 Tokyo, Japan ct@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME, Project Group Translational Medicine & Pharmacology TMP, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60596, Frankfurt, Germany.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Biochemistry and Structural Biology and.,Laboratory of Structural BiolspringDE@2017ogy, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. raozh@tsinghua.edu.cn.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8204, United States. Electronic address: Reza_Ghiladi@ncsu.edu.,Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry, Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Charles River , Leiden 2333 CR , Netherlands.,Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Development, Eunice K Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, United States.,Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Brandeis University , 415 South Street, Waltham, Massachusetts 02453, United States.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada.,Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Center of Organic and Medicinal Chemistry, ZHAW Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Einsiedlerstrasse 31, 8820, Wädenswil, Switzerland.,Ragon Institute of Massachusetts General Hospital, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02139-3583, USA.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing , China.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, Bridge Institute, Michelson Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: stevens@shanghaitech.edu.cn.,Electron Bio-imaging Centre, Diamond Light Source, Didcot, UK.,GlaxoSmithKline, Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, UK.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556.,Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, 38163, United States.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany; dan.tawfik@weizmann.ac.il Bar-Even@mpimp-golm.mpg.de.,Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME, Project Group Translational Medicine & Pharmacology TMP, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60596, Frankfurt, Germany; Institute of Biochemistry I, Faculty of Medicine, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60596, Frankfurt, Germany.,Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Chandigarh 160 036, India.,Chemspace, Riga, Latvia.,GPCR Consortium, San Marcos, CA 92078, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Serum albumin
A, B
581Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ALB
Find proteins for P02768 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ALB
Go to UniProtKB:  P02768
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
8ZR
Query on 8ZR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
~{N},~{N},12-trimethyl-3$l^{3}-thia-1$l^{4},5,6$l^{4}-triaza-2$l^{3}-cupratricyclo[6.4.0.0^{2,6}]dodeca-1(8),3,6,9,11-pentaen-4-amine
C10 H14 Cu N4 S
ZYDBCACRMLYTBZ-RVDQCCQOSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.616 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 38.492α = 104.67
b = 95.653β = 101.43
c = 96.642γ = 89.97
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-09-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-03-20
    Type: Data collection, Database references