Revisit of Reconstituted 30-nm Nucleosome Arrays Reveals an Ensemble of Dynamic Structures.Zhou, B.R., Jiang, J., Ghirlando, R., Norouzi, D., Sathish Yadav, K.N., Feng, H., Wang, R., Zhang, P., Zhurkin, V., Bai, Y.
(2018) J Mol Biol 430: 3093-3110
- PubMed: 29959925
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2018.06.020
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
It has long been suggested that chromatin may form a fiber with a diameter of ~30 nm that suppresses transcription. Despite nearly four decades of study, the structural nature of the 30-nm chromatin fiber and conclusive evidence of its existence in vivo ...
It has long been suggested that chromatin may form a fiber with a diameter of ~30 nm that suppresses transcription. Despite nearly four decades of study, the structural nature of the 30-nm chromatin fiber and conclusive evidence of its existence in vivo remain elusive. The key support for the existence of specific 30-nm chromatin fiber structures is based on the determination of the structures of reconstituted nucleosome arrays using X-ray crystallography and single-particle cryo-electron microscopy coupled with glutaraldehyde chemical cross-linking. Here we report the characterization of these nucleosome arrays in solution using analytical ultracentrifugation, NMR, and small-angle X-ray scattering. We found that the physical properties of these nucleosome arrays in solution are not consistent with formation of just a few discrete structures of nucleosome arrays. In addition, we obtained a crystal of the nucleosome in complex with the globular domain of linker histone H5 that shows a new form of nucleosome packing and suggests a plausible alternative compact conformation for nucleosome arrays. Taken together, our results challenge the key evidence for the existence of a limited number of structures of reconstituted nucleosome arrays in solution by revealing that the reconstituted nucleosome arrays are actually best described as an ensemble of various conformations with a zigzagged arrangement of nucleosomes. Our finding has implications for understanding the structure and function of chromatin in vivo.
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: email@example.com.