5UTA

Sperm whale myoglobin H64Q with nitrite


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.81 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Nitrosyl Myoglobins and Their Nitrite Precursors: Crystal Structural and Quantum Mechanics and Molecular Mechanics Theoretical Investigations of Preferred Fe -NO Ligand Orientations in Myoglobin Distal Pockets.

Wang, B.Shi, Y.Tejero, J.Powell, S.M.Thomas, L.M.Gladwin, M.T.Shiva, S.Zhang, Y.Richter-Addo, G.B.

(2018) Biochemistry 57: 4788-4802

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00542
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The globular dioxygen binding heme protein myoglobin (Mb) is present in several species. Its interactions with the simple nitrogen oxides, namely, nitric oxide (NO) and nitrite, have been known for decades, but the physiological relevance has only re ...

    The globular dioxygen binding heme protein myoglobin (Mb) is present in several species. Its interactions with the simple nitrogen oxides, namely, nitric oxide (NO) and nitrite, have been known for decades, but the physiological relevance has only recently become more fully appreciated. We previously reported the O-nitrito mode of binding of nitrite to ferric horse heart wild-type (wt) Mb III and human hemoglobin. We have expanded on this work and report the interactions of nitrite with wt sperm whale (sw) Mb III and its H64A, H64Q, and V68A/I107Y mutants whose dissociation constants increase in the following order: H64Q < wt < V68A/I107Y < H64A. We also report their X-ray crystal structures that reveal the O-nitrito mode of binding of nitrite to these derivatives. The Mb II -mediated reductions of nitrite to NO and structural data for the wt and mutant Mb II -NOs are described. We show that their FeNO orientations vary with distal pocket identity, with the FeNO moieties pointing toward the hydrophobic interiors when the His64 residue is present but toward the hydrophilic exterior when this His64 residue is absent in this set of mutants. This correlates with the nature of H-bonding to the bound NO ligand (nitrosyl O vs N atom). Quantum mechanics and hybrid quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics calculations help elucidate the origin of the experimentally preferred NO orientations. In a few cases, the calculations reproduce the experimentally observed orientations only when the whole protein is taken into consideration.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of California , 900 University Avenue, Riverside, California 92521, United States.,Graduate School of Science and Molecular Chirality Research Center, Chiba University, Inage, Chiba, Japan.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA. rad82@cornell.edu.,Structural Biology Program, Sloan Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: limac@mskcc.org.,Department of Protein Evolution , Max-Planck-Institute for Developmental Biology , 72076 Tübingen , Germany.,Operando Open Innovation Laboratory, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 305-8563 Tsukuba, Japan.,Medicinal Chemistry & Drug Discovery, Department of Pharmacology , University of Oxford , Mansfield Road , Oxford OX1 3QT , U.K.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235; walter.j.chazin@vanderbilt.edu jkbarton@caltech.edu.,Nanxiong Tobacco Research Institute of Guangdong, Nanxiong, Guangdong, China.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.,From the Program in Biophysics and.,Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. kobayashi.takuya.4r@kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Structural Biology Research Center, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan. narita.akihiro@f.mbox.nagoya-u.ac.jp.,Drug Discovery and Design Center, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201203, China.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Graduate School of Biosphere Science , Hiroshima University , Kagamiyama 1-4-4, Higashi-Hiroshima , Hiroshima , 739-8528 , Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. as4005@cumc.columbia.edu.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China.,Institute of Human Virology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA. Electronic address: marzena.pazgier@usuhs.edu.,Bioorganic Chemistry Group, Instituto de Tecnologia Química Biológica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal.,College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, China; College of Life Science and Engineering, Henan University of Urban Construction, Pingdingshan, 467036, China.,Saverna Therapeutics AG , Pumpmattenweg 3 , CH-4105 Biel-Benken , Switzerland.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia University, El-Minia, 61519, Egypt.,Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, United States.,Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA. yuanp@wustl.edu.,the Department of Biochemistry, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York 14203, and.,Center for Biochemistry, Medical Faculty, Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), University of Cologne, Cologne 50931, Germany.,SPARC BioCentre, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies and School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China; CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China; State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300353, China; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China; Laboratory of Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. Electronic address: raozh@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Center for Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, 59812, USA.,Max-Planck-Institute for Biophysics Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 3, 60438, Frankfurt, Germany. ulrich.ermler@biophys.mpg.de.,Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA.,Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.,Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE), Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM), Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: mario.murakami@ctbe.cnpem.br.,Department of Integrated Structural Biology, Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology, CNRS UMR710, INSERM U964, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, 67000, France.,School of Biological Sciences , University of Essex , Wivenhoe Park , Colchester , Essex CO4 3SQ , UK . Email: mahough@essex.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544.,Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore; Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, McGovern Medical School, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Structural Bioinformatics Laboratory, Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, Tykistökatu 6A, 20520 Turku, Finland.,Faculty for Chemistry and Pharmacy , Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie , Universität Würzburg , Emil-Fischer-Strasse 42 , 97074 Würzburg , Germany.,Department Chemistry and Pharmacy, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Butenandtstr. 5-13, 81377, Munich, Germany.,the Department of Chemistry, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey 07102.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.,Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co KG, Biberach, Germany.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, United States of America.,Skaggs Graduate School of Chemical and Biological Sciences, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA.,Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA. dkojetin@scripps.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.,Structural Biophysics Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD, USA. Electronic address: ping.zhang@nih.gov.,VIB-UGent Center for Inflammation Research, 9052, Ghent (Zwijnaarde), Belgium. savvas.savvides@ugent.be.,Department of Chemistry, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 305-701, Korea.,Faculty of Science, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland. michael.hengartner@imls.uzh.ch.,Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA. adha@ufl.edu.,Centre for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Goethe University, Max von Laue Str. 9, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,High School Student Summer Internship Program, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.,Pharmacology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109.,Institute of Molecular Life Sciences, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,Science IT, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA. gofek@umd.edu.,H3 Biomedicine, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.,Division of Chemical Biology & Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.,Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do Porto, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal.,Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.,Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging at the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.,Unit for Structural Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Ghent University, 9052, Ghent (Zwijnaarde), Belgium.,Department of Haematology, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 0XY, United Kingdom.,Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Molecular Horizons and School of Chemistry and Molecular Bioscience, University of Wollongong, and Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: aarono@uow.edu.au.,Molecular Horizons and School of Chemistry and Molecular Bioscience, University of Wollongong, and Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.,College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-Yang Road, Shanghai, 200031, China.,Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies and School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China; CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, 420008, Russia.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139; nozomi.ando@princeton.edu akb20@psu.edu stubbe@mit.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802; nozomi.ando@princeton.edu akb20@psu.edu stubbe@mit.edu.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research (NIBR), Novartis Pharma AG , Forum 1, Novartis Campus, Fabrikstrasse 2 , CH-4056 Basel , Switzerland.,Emory Vaccine Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA.,Graduate School of Medical Science and Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea.,Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.,IPC Drug Discovery Platform , Institut Paoli-Calmettes , 232 Boulevard de Sainte-Marguerite , 13009 Marseille , France.,Structural Biology Program, Sloan Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Tri-Institutional Training Program in Chemical Biology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy; Accademia di Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche della Società Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti in Napoli, Naples, Italy.,Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE), Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM), Campinas, SP, Brazil; Graduate Program in Functional and Molecular Biology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.,Departments of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Structural Biology and Photon Science, and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies and School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China; State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300353, China.,Department of Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Yoshidakonoe- cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.,Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, 400005, India.,Department of Molecular Imaging and Therapy, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, CA, USA.,NE-CAT, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Building 436E, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA. Electronic address: sukumar@anl.gov.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.,From the Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, BMC, Box 596, SE-751 24 Uppsala, Sweden and maria.selmer@icm.uu.se.,Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA. bruner@chem.ufl.edu.,Biophysics, Department of Physics, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schrödinger-Straße 46, 67663, Kaiserslautern, Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, SE- 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.,Unit for Structural Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Ghent University, 9052, Ghent (Zwijnaarde), Belgium. savvas.savvides@ugent.be.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand.,Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology , Stevens Institute of Technology , Castle Point on Hudson , Hoboken , New Jersey 07030 , United States.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.,Department of Molecular Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.,Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 41125 Modena, Italy. mariapaola.costi@unimore.it.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.,Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Biology , TU Dortmund University , Drug Discovery Hub Dortmund (DDHD) am Zentrum für integrierte Wirkstoffforschung (ZIW) , Otto-Hahn-Strasse 4a , 44227 Dortmund , Germany . Email: daniel.rauh@tu-dortmund.de ; http://www.ddhdortmund.de ; www.twitter.com/DDHDortmund.,College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.,Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, United States.,Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030; mestes@bcm.edu.,Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Center for Biophysics and Quantitative Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA. hjin@illinois.edu.,Faculty of Health and Welfare, Tokai Gakuin University, Nakakirino-cyo 5-68, Kakamigahara, Gifu, 504-8511, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , Guangdong 510640 , People's Republic of China.,German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. andreas.peschel@uni-tuebingen.de.,College of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , University of Florida , Gainesville , Florida 32610 , United States.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. ban@mol.biol.ethz.ch.,Cancer Research Technology Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, MD, USA.,Department of Chemistry, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.,SER-CAT and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. Electronic address: jerome.lenours@monash.edu.,Department of Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK. radu@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Division of Biology and Chemistry-Laboratory for Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland. joerg.standfuss@psi.ch.,Centre for Structural Systems Biology (CSSB), DESY and European Molecular Biology Laboratory Hamburg, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany; Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Scheeles väg 2, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: christian.loew@embl-hamburg.de.,Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE), Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM), Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: priscila.giuseppe@ctbe.cnpem.br.,the Biocrystallography Laboratory, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15240.,the Guangdong Zhongsheng Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Dongguan, Guangdong 523325, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: jekimble@wisc.edu.,The Donnelly Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3E1, Canada; Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada. Electronic address: sachdev.sidhu@utoronto.ca.,Institute of Structural & Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3060, USA. Electronic address: amy.howell@uconn.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.,From the State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu 610041, China and.,BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Strasse 38, 67056, Ludwigshafen, Germany.,Department of Cell Biology and Medical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.,Center of Systems Biology and Human Health, Institute for Advanced Study, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China. mzhang@ust.hk.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.,Center for Microscopy and Image Analysis, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Quantum Beam Science Research Directorate, National Institute for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), 319-1106 Ibaraki, Japan.,Max-Planck-Institute for Biophysics Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 3, 60438, Frankfurt, Germany.,Infection and Immunity Program, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA. dkojetin@scripps.edu.,Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, ETH Zurich, Auguste-Piccard-Hof 1, 8093, Zurich, Switzerland.,Centre for Structural Systems Biology (CSSB), DESY and European Molecular Biology Laboratory Hamburg, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany.,National Research Laboratory of Defense Proteins, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Pusan, South Korea.,Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: slee@bcm.edu.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, 92093.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center, Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery and Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology and Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America.,Department of Microbial and Cellular Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Stag Hill Campus 19 AX 01, GU2 7XH, Guildford, UK.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Center for Biomolecular Structure and Organization , University of Maryland , College Park , Maryland 20742 , United States.,Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, San Francisco, CA, USA.,Toyota Physical and Chemical Research Institute, 41-1, Yokomichi, Nagakute, Aichi, 480-1192, Japan.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.,Cancer Metabolism and Signaling Networks Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Research Center for Ultra-High Voltage Electron Microscopy, Osaka University, 7-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567-0047, Japan.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125; walter.j.chazin@vanderbilt.edu jkbarton@caltech.edu.,Interfaculty Institute of Microbiology and Infection Medicine, Infection Biology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.,The Donnelly Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3E1, Canada.,a Istituto di Cristallografia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche , Trieste , Italy.,Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA. thilo.stehle@uni-tuebingen.de.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies and School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China; CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China. Electronic address: lijun1@shanghaitech.edu.cn.,Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Japan.,Vaccine and Immunotherapy Center, The Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Cellular and Structural Physiology Institute, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan. Electronic address: tani@cespi.nagoya-u.ac.jp.,From the Structural Biochemistry and hartmut.niemann@uni-bielefeld.de.,Department of Biochemistry , Duke University , Durham , North Carolina 27710 , United States.,Department of Biomolecular Science and Engineering, School of Biomolecular Science & Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology (VISTEC), Wangchan Valley, Rayong, 21210, Thailand.,Interfaculty Institute of Microbiology and Infection Medicine, Medical Microbiology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.,Department of Nephrology and Monash University Centres for Inflammatory Diseases, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.,Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy-Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy. stefano.mangani@unisi.it.,Department of Organic Chemistry , Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod , 23 Gagarin Avenue , 603950 Nizhni Novgorod , Russia.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.,Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, Berhampur, 760010, Odisha, India. chary@tifr.res.in.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720.,Suplead Co., LTD, Building D, 389 Ruoshui Road, Suzhou, 215000, China.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China; CAS Key Laboratory for Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China.,Overseas Expertise Introduction Center for Discipline Innovation of Food Nutrition and Human Health (111 Center) , Guangzhou , Guangdong 510640 , People's Republic of China.,CRCM, CNRS, Inserm, Institut Paoli-Calmettes , Aix-Marseille University , 13009 Marseille , France.,School of Food and Environment Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Panjin, Liaoning, 12422, People's Republic of China.,Institute of Molecular Life Sciences, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland. michael.hengartner@imls.uzh.ch.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Hamburg Outstation c/o DESY, Hamburg, Germany.,Directorate of Engineering, Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems, National Science Foundation, Alexandria, VA, USA.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China; CAS Key Laboratory for Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China. Electronic address: shenjingshan@simm.ac.cn.,Centre for Biological Sciences, B85 Life Sciences Building M55, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK.,Photon Science Division-Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Biotechnology, Institute for Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Spielmannstraße 17, 38106, Braunschweig, Germany. U.Rau@tu-bs.de.,From the Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, fureyw@pitt.edu.,Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. koss@bsd.uchicago.edu.,Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular (IBMC), Universidade do Porto, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal; ppereira@ibmc.up.pt numenius@cnc.uc.pt.,Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, Schänzlestrasse 1, 79104, Freiburg, Germany. matthias.boll@biologie.uni-freiburg.de.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK. dlaverty@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Structural Biology, Zoological Institute, Kiel University, 24118 Kiel, Germany.,Pharmaceutical Institute, Kiel University, 24118 Kiel, Germany bclement@pharmazie.uni-kiel.de axel.scheidig@strubio.uni-kiel.de.,Laboratory of Cellular Biophysics, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA.,AstraZeneca R&D, Darwin Building Cambridge Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0WG, UK.,Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., pRED, Pharma Research & Early Development, 340 Kingsland Street, Nutley 07110, United States.,University of Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, CNRS, IBS, Grenoble, France.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies and School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, United States.,Department of Biosciences, Rice University, Houston, TX, 77251, USA.,Universität Basel, Petersplatz 1, 4003, Basel, Switzerland.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China; College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China. Electronic address: zql@nankai.edu.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-Yang Road, Shanghai, 200031, China. jpding@sibcb.ac.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant'Angelo, via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli, Italy. antonello.merlino@unina.it.,Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, 91223, Brétigny sur Orge, France.,Departments of Medicinal Chemistry and.,Baruch S. Blumberg Institute, Natural Products Discovery Institute, 3805 Old Easton Road, Doylestown, PA, 18902, USA.,Protein Metabolism Medical Research Center and Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea. yok5@snu.ac.kr.,Center for Biochemistry, Medical Faculty, Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), University of Cologne, Cologne 50931, Germany. Electronic address: raimund.wagener@uni-koeln.de.,Department of Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA; Millennium Institute on Immunology and Immunotherapy, Programa de Inmunologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.,Drug Discovery and Design Center, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049, China; CAS Key Laboratory for Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China. Electronic address: cluo@simm.ac.cn.,Computational Biochemistry, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, NW I, 95447, Bayreuth, Germany.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,RIKEN, SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, Japan.,Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, UK.,School of Life Sciences, Shanghai University, 333 Nanchen Road, Shanghai, 200444, China.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031, India; Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi 110016, India.,Structural Biophysics Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD, USA.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium.,Division of Medicinal Chemistry & Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy-Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy. lopresti4@student.unisi.it.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.,Graduate School of Life Science, Hokkaido University, 060-0810 Sapporo, Japan.,Cellular and Structural Physiology Institute, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan; CeSPIA Inc., 2-1-1, Otemachi, Chiyoda, Tokyo 100-0004, Japan.,IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery (CAVD), The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America.,Structural Biology, Zoological Institute, Kiel University, 24118 Kiel, Germany; bclement@pharmazie.uni-kiel.de axel.scheidig@strubio.uni-kiel.de.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. hongzhang@sun5.ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Life Sciences and Institute of Genome Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Beitou District, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan.,Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany; Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, UK. Electronic address: olga.mayans@uni-konstanz.de.,Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.,Marine Bioengineering Group, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, Liaoning, 116023, People's Republic of China.,Departament de Química Inorgànica i Orgànica, Secció de Química Orgànica, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1-11, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA.,Boston Biochem, a Bio-Techne Brand, 840 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,SPARC BioCentre, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada; Cell Biology Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, 686 Bay Street, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada; Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany.,Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Patras, Greece.,Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Center for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Hyderabad, 500075, India.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. koss@bsd.uchicago.edu.,Center for Cancer and Cell Biology, Innovation and Integration Program, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA. eric.xu@vai.org.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Baldiri Reixac, 10, Barcelona 08028, Spain.,Department of Medical Biochemistry, MTA-SE Laboratory for Neurobiochemistry, Semmelweis University, H-1094 Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address: ambrus.attila@med.semmelweis-univ.hu.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, 92093.,Ency2 Consulting, Denver, Colorado, USA.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.,Institute of Structural & Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK. s.djordjevic@ucl.ac.uk.,Division of Vaccine Discovery, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Structural Biology Research Center, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan.,Protech Inc., Yongeon 103 Daehangno, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-799, Republic of Korea. yok5@snu.ac.kr.,Center for Cancer and Cell Biology, Innovation and Integration Program, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Chemical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, 400005, India. chary@tifr.res.in.,Bacteria, Parasites and Fungi, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.,College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, China.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zurich, Auguste-Piccard-Hof 1, 8093, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, 110093, India.,Biochemistry and Biophysics Graduate Program, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, 59812, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA. tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.,From the Program in Biophysics and scottee@umich.edu.,Department of Medical Biochemistry, MTA-SE Laboratory for Neurobiochemistry, Semmelweis University, H-1094 Budapest, Hungary.,Department of Physics, The University of Texas at Dallas , 800 West Campbell Road, PHY 36, Richardson, Texas 75080, United States.,Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (SwissTPH), Socinstrasse 57, 4051, Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples, Naples, Italy.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.,From the Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, BMC, Box 596, SE-751 24 Uppsala, Sweden and.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples, Naples, Italy.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, and Section of Molecular Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, UC San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Unit for Structural Biology, VIB Center for Inflammation Research, Ghent, Belgium. kenneth.verstraete@ugent.be.,From the Genome Science and Technology Program and leltis@mail.ubc.ca.,M.M. Shemyakin and Yu.A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 16/10 Miklukho-Maklaya, Moscow, 117997, Russia.,Division of Medicinal Chemistry, Targeted Therapeutic Drug Discovery and Development Program, College of Pharmacy, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.,Biochemistry and Biophysics Center, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Institute of Biophysics and Physical Biochemistry, University of Regensburg, 93040 Regensburg, Germany.,Department of Chemical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, 400005, India.,The Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, The University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.,Laboratory of Synthetic Drug Chemistry, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Turku, Turku 20520, Finland.,Structural Bioinformatics Laboratory, Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, Tykistökatu 6A, 20520 Turku, Finland tiina.salminen@abo.fi.,Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, UK.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,Division of Pharmaceutics & Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States.,Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies and School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA; Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. Electronic address: steven.porcelli@einstein.yu.edu.,Drug Discovery and Design Center, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China. Electronic address: myzheng@simm.ac.cn.,Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein-Zuid 10, 6525, GA, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.,State Key Laboratory of Biomembrane and Membrane Biotechnology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Aškerčeva 7, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address: stanislav.gobec@ffa.uni-lj.si.,North Carolina Oral Health Institute, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Medicine Design, Pfizer Inc., Eastern Point Road , Groton , Connecticut 06340 , United States.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.,Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, University of Maryland, College Park, United States.,Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.,Center for Translational Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China. Electronic address: zhaole2@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.,Institute of Human Virology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.,Cluster of Excellence Macromolecular Complexes, Goethe-University, Max von Laue Str. 9, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Institute of Structural & Molecular Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, WC1E 7HX, London, UK.,PhD Program in Experimental Biology and Biomedicine (PDBEB), Institute for Interdisciplinary Research (IIIUC), University of Coimbra, 3030-789 Coimbra, Portugal.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, VIB, Brussels, Belgium.,Pharmaceutical Institute, Kiel University, 24118 Kiel, Germany.,Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, Tirupati, 517501, Tirupati, India.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Zurich , 8057 Zurich , Switzerland.,Center for the Investigation of Membrane Excitability Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA. yuanp@wustl.edu.,Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544; nozomi.ando@princeton.edu akb20@psu.edu stubbe@mit.edu.,Centre for Structural Systems Biology (CSSB), DESY and European Molecular Biology Laboratory Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.,Bioproduction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 062-8517 Sapporo, Japan.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031, India. Electronic address: ashish_arora@cdri.res.in.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), 9 Institutskiy per, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region, 141700, Russia.,Institute for Interdisciplinary Research (IIIC), University of Coimbra, 3030-789 Coimbra, Portugal.,The Donnelly Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3E1, Canada; Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Unit for Structural Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. kenneth.verstraete@ugent.be.,Department of Cell Biology and Medical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. r.suno@mfour.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,ICREA, Passeig Lluís Companys 23, 08010-Barcelona, Spain.,Institute of Science and Technology Austria, Klosterneuburg, Austria.,College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.,Max-Planck-Institute for Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam, Germany.,Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan. Electronic address: ykuroda@cc.tuat.ac.jp.,Boehringer Ingelheim RCV GmbH & Co KG, Vienna, Austria.,Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA.,Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular (IBMC), Universidade do Porto, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3060, USA.,Drug Discovery and Design Center, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049, China.,Biochemistry Department, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, 1150 W. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,Food Technology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400085, India and snjam@barc.gov.in.,Cell Biology Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, 686 Bay Street, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology, and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.,Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Fritz Haber Center for Molecular Dynamics, Institute of Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel.,Julius Kuehn Institute, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, 06484 Quedlinburg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, Laboratory of Cyanobacterial Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.,Structural Biology Program, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Beitou District, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan.,From the Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261.,Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology (CNC), University of Coimbra, 3004-504 Coimbra, Portugal.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. peter@walterlab.ucsf.edu adam.frost@ucsf.edu.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, EMBL, Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.,Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, London, United Kingdom.,Department of Plant Pathology, and MOA Key Laboratory of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. radu@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Centre for Structural Systems Biology (CSSB), DESY and European Molecular Biology Laboratory Hamburg, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany; Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Scheeles väg 2, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. jtainer@mdanderson.org.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.,SwissFEL, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland.,Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology and Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Laboratory for Microbiology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Ghent University, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.,Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE), Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM), Campinas, SP, Brazil.,Bioverativ, a Sanofi company, Waltham, MA; and.,Integrated BioTherapeutics, Rockville, MD, 20850, USA.,Biomedical Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan. Electronic address: t-numata@aist.go.jp.,School of Biochemistry, Devi Ahilya University, Indore 452001, India.,Section of Microbiology, Medical Research Council Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection, Imperial College London, Armstrong Road, London, SW7 2AZ, UK. s.helaine@imperial.ac.uk.,Department of Biology, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.,School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QG, UK.,Harry Perkins Institute of Medical Research, Centre for Medical Research, QEII Medical Centre and School of Molecular Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.,Unit for Structural Biology, VIB Center for Inflammation Research, Ghent, Belgium.,Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MO, 59812, USA.,Protein Metabolism Medical Research Center and Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.,Laura & Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, 10016, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China; College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China. Electronic address: bartlam@nankai.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai 600031, India.,Institute of Structural & Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK. j.santini@ucl.ac.uk.,Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., pRED, Pharma Research & Early Development, 340 Kingsland Street, Nutley 07110, United States. Electronic address: ftapia@cc.hawaii.edu.,Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, Tykistökatu 6A, 20520 Turku, Finland.,Department of Biological Chemistry , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, Center for RNA Biology, and Center for AIDS Research, University of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.,Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.,Department of Life Sciences, Medical Research Council Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection, Imperial College London, Armstrong Road, London, SW7 2AZ, UK.,Department of Thoracic/Head and Neck Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. jkurie@mdanderson.org.,School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning, 116024, People's Republic of China. biosci@dlut.edu.cn.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada; Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Structure and Function of Proteins, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstraße 7, 38124, Braunschweig, Germany.,Lydia Becker Institute of Immunology and Inflammation, Division of Infection, Immunity and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK.,Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, VARI-SIMM Center, Center for Structure and Function of Drug Targets, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA. ss1@nih.gov.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China; College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China.,Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045, United States.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology , University of Pittsburgh , 200 Lothrop Street , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania 15213 , United States.,Biolojic Design, Ltd., 12 Hamada Street, Rehovot 7670314, Israel.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Physiologie , Abteilung Chemische Biologie , Otto-Hahn-Strasse 11 , 44227 Dortmund , Germany.,Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Aškerčeva 7, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia.,College of Plant Health and Medicine, and Key Lab of Integrated Crop Disease and Pest Management of Shandong Province, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.,Cellular and Structural Physiology Institute, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan; CeSPIA Inc., 2-1-1, Otemachi, Chiyoda, Tokyo 100-0004, Japan; Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: yoshi@cespi.nagoya-u.ac.jp.,Section of Microbiology, Medical Research Council Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection, Imperial College London, Armstrong Road, London, SW7 2AZ, UK.,Interfaculty Institute of Microbiology and Infection Medicine, Infection Biology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. andreas.peschel@uni-tuebingen.de.,Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Center for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Hyderabad, 500075, India. chary@tifr.res.in.,Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA.,Department of Biosciences, Rice University, Houston, TX, 77251, USA. georgep@rice.edu.,Biochemistry Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia.,Structural Biology Program, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Beitou District, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan; Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Beitou District, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan.,Gilead Sciences, Foster City, California, USA.,the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 41125 Modena, Italy. matteo.santucci86@gmail.com.,Antibody Discovery and Protein Engineering, MedImmune, Granta Park, Cambridge CB21 6GH, UK.,Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology (CNC), University of Coimbra, 3004-504 Coimbra, Portugal; ppereira@ibmc.up.pt numenius@cnc.uc.pt.,Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, 210 Washtenaw Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2216, USA.,Laboratoire de Chemoinformatique, CNRS UMR7140 , 1 rue Blaise Pascal , 67000 Strasbourg , France.,Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: ftsai@bcm.edu.,Division of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China. cwangust@ustc.edu.cn.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy-Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy. pozzi4@unisi.it.,Graduate School of Life Science , Hokkaido University , Sapporo , Hokkaido 060-0810 , Japan.,Center for Molecular Microscopy (CMM), National Cancer Institute (NCI), Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc., Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America.,Division of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.,Medicine Design, Pfizer Inc., 1 Portland Street , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,b Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute , Università degli Studi "Magna Graecia" , Catanzaro , Italy.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Corbin Therapeutics, Montreal, QC, Canada.,Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA.,University Children's Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Spitalstrasse 33, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.,University of Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, BIG, CBM, 38000, Grenoble, France.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy; CEINGE, Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: avergara@unina.it.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Pathology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, 10016, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.,Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, Schänzlestrasse 1, 79104, Freiburg, Germany.,Biogen Inc, Cambridge, MA.,Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, 272 Rama VI Road, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.,Department of Medical Life Systems, Faculty of Life and Medical Sciences, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyakodani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto, 610-0394, Japan.,Unit for Structural Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada.,RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama City, Kanagawa, 230-0045, Japan.,Dalton Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, Institute of Chemistry, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.,GM/CA@APS, X-Ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,Centre for Biological Sciences, B85 Life Sciences Building M55, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK. Electronic address: j.m.werner@soton.ac.uk.,Structural Biology Program, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Beitou District, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan; Department of Life Sciences and Institute of Genome Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Beitou District, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research and Education, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec. 2, Shipai Road, Beitou District, Taipei, 11217, Taiwan. Electronic address: shliaw@ym.edu.tw.,Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing , No. 7 Science Park Road, Zhongguancun Life Science Park, Beijing 102206, China.,Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA.,Faculty of Science, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,NIH West Coast Metabolomics Center, UC Davis Genome Center, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.,Graduate School of Life Science, Hokkaido University, 060-0810 Sapporo, Japan; s.tsuda@aist.go.jp.,Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schrödinger-Straße 52, 67663, Kaiserslautern, Germany.,Department of Thoracic/Head and Neck Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,UM-DAE Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences, Mumbai University Campus, Mumbai, India.,Japan Science and Technology Agency, Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology (PRESTO), Kawaguchi, Saitama, Japan.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China. cwangust@ustc.edu.cn.,VIB-UGent Center for Inflammation Research, 9052, Ghent (Zwijnaarde), Belgium.,Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, ZBMZ, Faculty of Medicine, BIOSS Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, University of Freiburg, Stefan-Meier-Str. 17, 79104, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.,Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.,From the State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu 610041, China and chenlijuan125@163.com.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Institute of Biochemistry II, Medical School, Goethe University, Max von Laue Str. 9, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. kwmiller@mgh.harvard.edu.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 10, 8093, Zürich, Switzerland.,Price Family Foundation Institute of Structural Biology and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , University of Oklahoma , 101 Stephenson Parkway , Norman , Oklahoma 73019 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.,Biophysics Graduate Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,Inflammation and Immunology, Pfizer Inc., 1 Portland Street , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Department of Integrated Structural Biology, Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology, CNRS UMR710, INSERM U964, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, 67000, France. lasse@igbmc.fr.,Centre for Integrative Biology, Department of Integrated Structural Biology, IGBMC, CNRS, Inserm, Université de Strasbourg, 67404 Illkirch, France.,Sprint Bioscience AB , Hälsovägen 7 , SE-141 57 Huddinge , Sweden.,From the High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division and ravimakde@rrcat.gov.in.,Drug Discovery and Design Center, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China.,Biochemistry and Biophysics Center, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: adrian.ferre@nih.gov.,PhD Program in Molecular Life Sciences, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,From the Genome Science and Technology Program and.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Laboratorium für Organische Chemie, ETH Zürich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 3, 8093, Zürich, Switzerland.,Drug Discovery and Design Center, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 200031, China.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Electronic address: abei@mol.f.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Key Laboratory of Fermentation Engineering, Ministry of Education, College of Bioengineering, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China; Institute of Human Virology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031, India.,Biomedical Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan.,Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea.,Cluster of Excellence Macromolecular Complexes, Goethe-University, Max von Laue Str. 9, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ulrich.brandt@radboudumc.nl.,Drug Safety Research and Development, Pfizer Inc., 1 Portland Street , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,X-ray Crystallography Facility, National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi 110067, India.,Division of Biology and Chemistry-Laboratory for Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland.,Biolojic Design, Ltd., 12 Hamada Street, Rehovot 7670314, Israel; The Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Nanotechnology Building, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900, Israel. Electronic address: yanay@ofranlab.org.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.,Institute of Advanced Energy and Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto, Japan.,University Grenoble Alpes, IBS, F-38044, Grenoble, France; CNRS, IBS, F-38044, Grenoble, France; CEA, IBS, F-38044, Grenoble, France.,Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA; Department of Pharmacology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Consortium for Fibrosis Research and Translation, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Denver, Colorado, USA.,Department of Biotechnology, Institute for Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Spielmannstraße 17, 38106, Braunschweig, Germany.,Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry Research Groups, Department of Chemistry, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstrasse 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany.,German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.,Division of Vaccine Discovery, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. chavenar@lji.org shane@lji.org.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.,School of Food and Environment Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Panjin, Liaoning, 12422, People's Republic of China. biosci@dlut.edu.cn.,Integrated Program in Cellular, Molecular and Biomedical Studies, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,David Van Andel Advanced Cryo-Electron Microscopy Suite, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newport, DE, USA.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, 393 Hua-Xia Zhong Road, Shanghai, 201210, China. jpding@sibcb.ac.cn.,Small-Angle X-ray Scattering Core Facility, Center for Cancer Research of the National Cancer Institute, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc., Frederick, MD, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Utah State University , Logan , Utah 84322 , United States.,The Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,From the Structural Biochemistry and.,Institute of Biochemistry I, Medical School, Goethe University, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.,Center for the Investigation of Membrane Excitability Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA.,School of Food Science and Engineering , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , Guangdong 510641 , People's Republic of China.,From the High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division and.,Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, Rockville, MD, 20850, USA. gofek@umd.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA.,Drug Discovery and Design Center, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049, China; CAS Key Laboratory for Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 200031, China.,Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, 4331, Bangladesh.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Eastern Oregon University , La Grande , Oregon 97850 , USA . Email: candrew@eou.edu.,Department of Cell Biology and Medical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. kobayashi.takuya.4r@kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies and School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China. Electronic address: yanght@shanghaitech.edu.cn.,Integrated Molecular Plant Physiology Research, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.,Cancer Research Technology Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, MD, USA. ss1@nih.gov.,Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK.,Epigenetics and Stem Cell Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, USA.,Departments of Immunology and Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.,Koch Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Heart, Lung, Blood and Vascular Medicine Institute , University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine , 3550 Terrace Street , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania 15261 , United States.,Structural Biology Program, Sloan Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, VARI-SIMM Center, Center for Structure and Function of Drug Targets, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. eric.xu@vai.org.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, C.N.R., Naples, Italy.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA. hjin@illinois.edu.,Biozentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 50/70, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.,Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein-Zuid 10, 6525, GA, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. ulrich.brandt@radboudumc.nl.,Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, BMC, Box 582, SE-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden.,Structural Biology Program, Sloan Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. thilo.stehle@uni-tuebingen.de.,Division of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China. mzhang@ust.hk.,Infection and Immunity Program, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University, School of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. hongzhang@sun5.ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.,Japan Science and Technology Agency, Research Acceleration Program, Membrane Protein Crystallography Project, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.,Marine Bioengineering Group, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, Liaoning, 116023, People's Republic of China. songxue@dlut.edu.cn.,Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology and Immunogen Discovery (CHAVI-ID), The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, 52 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.,University of Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, BIG, CBM, 38000, Grenoble, France. christine.cavazza@cea.fr.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, San Diego Branch, La Jolla, California, 92093.,Macromolecular Crystallography, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.,Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA.,Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT, and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02129, USA.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA. opornillos@virginia.edu.,Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Japan.,School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning, 116024, People's Republic of China.,CSIR - Institute of Microbial Technology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Sector 39A, Chandigarh 160 036, India.,Institute for Innovation, Ajinomoto Co., Inc., 1-1 Suzuki-cho, Kawasaki 210-8681, Japan. Electronic address: toshimi_mizukoshi@ajinomoto.com.,Peking University-Tsinghua University-National Institute of Biological Sciences Joint Graduate Program, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India. Electronic address: mrn@iisc.ac.in.,Department of Medicinal Resources, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama, 2630-Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194, Japan. Electronic address: hmorita@inm.u-toyama.ac.jp.,Department of Physiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 728 Clinical Research Building, 415 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6085, USA.,Institute for Innovation, Ajinomoto Co., Inc., 1-1 Suzuki-cho, Kawasaki 210-8681, Japan.,School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning, 116024, People's Republic of China. fanglingji@dlut.edu.cn.,Center for Epigenetics, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, 49503, USA.,Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, Rockville, MD, 20850, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Myoglobin
A
154Physeter macrocephalusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: MB
Find proteins for P02185 (Physeter macrocephalus)
Go to Gene View: MB
Go to UniProtKB:  P02185
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NO2
Query on NO2

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
NITRITE ION
N O2
IOVCWXUNBOPUCH-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.81 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • Space Group: P 6
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 90.388α = 90.00
b = 90.388β = 90.00
c = 45.244γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-3000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-3000data collection
HKLdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Science Foundation (United States)United StatesCHE 1213674

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-02-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-04-18
    Type: Data collection
  • Version 1.2: 2018-08-22
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2018-08-29
    Type: Data collection, Database references