5U84

Acid ceramidase (ASAH1, aCDase) from common minke whale, Cys143Ala, uncleaved


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.34 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for the activation of acid ceramidase.

Gebai, A.Gorelik, A.Li, Z.Illes, K.Nagar, B.

(2018) Nat Commun 9: 1621-1621

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03844-2
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5U81, 5U84, 5U7Z

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Acid ceramidase (aCDase, ASAH1) hydrolyzes lysosomal membrane ceramide into sphingosine, the backbone of all sphingolipids, to regulate many cellular processes. Abnormal function of aCDase leads to Farber disease, spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy, and is associated with Alzheimer's, diabetes, and cancer ...

    Acid ceramidase (aCDase, ASAH1) hydrolyzes lysosomal membrane ceramide into sphingosine, the backbone of all sphingolipids, to regulate many cellular processes. Abnormal function of aCDase leads to Farber disease, spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy, and is associated with Alzheimer's, diabetes, and cancer. Here, we present crystal structures of mammalian aCDases in both proenzyme and autocleaved forms. In the proenzyme, the catalytic center is buried and protected from solvent. Autocleavage triggers a conformational change exposing a hydrophobic channel leading to the active site. Substrate modeling suggests distinct catalytic mechanisms for substrate hydrolysis versus autocleavage. A hydrophobic surface surrounding the substrate binding channel appears to be a site of membrane attachment where the enzyme accepts substrates facilitated by the accessory protein, saposin-D. Structural mapping of disease mutations reveals that most would destabilize the protein fold. These results will inform the rational design of aCDase inhibitors and recombinant aCDase for disease therapeutics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines, McGill University, Montreal, QC, H3G 0B1, Canada. bhushan.nagar@mcgill.ca.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Acid ceramidaseA, B384Balaenoptera acutorostrataMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: ASAH1
EC: 3.5.1.23 (PDB Primary Data), 3.5.1 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for A0A383ZFX3 (Balaenoptera acutorostrata scammoni)
Explore A0A383ZFX3 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A383ZFX3
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseC, E3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseD2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
I3C
Query on I3C

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
EA [auth B] , F [auth A] , FA [auth B] , G [auth A] , H [auth A] , I [auth A] , J [auth A] , K [auth A] , 
EA [auth B],  F [auth A],  FA [auth B],  G [auth A],  H [auth A],  I [auth A],  J [auth A],  K [auth A],  L [auth A]
5-amino-2,4,6-triiodobenzene-1,3-dicarboxylic acid
C8 H4 I3 N O4
JEZJSNULLBSYHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IOD
Query on IOD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
AA [auth A] , BA [auth A] , CA [auth A] , DA [auth A] , GA [auth B] , HA [auth B] , IA [auth B] , JA [auth B] , 
AA [auth A],  BA [auth A],  CA [auth A],  DA [auth A],  GA [auth B],  HA [auth B],  IA [auth B],  JA [auth B],  KA [auth B],  LA [auth B],  M [auth A],  MA [auth B],  N [auth A],  NA [auth B],  O [auth A],  OA [auth B],  P [auth A],  PA [auth B],  Q [auth A],  QA [auth B],  R [auth A],  RA [auth B],  S [auth A],  SA [auth B],  T [auth A],  TA [auth B],  U [auth A],  UA [auth B],  V [auth A],  VA [auth B],  W [auth A],  X [auth A],  Y [auth A],  Z [auth A]
IODIDE ION
I
XMBWDFGMSWQBCA-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.34 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 118.815α = 90
b = 109.267β = 102.97
c = 79.541γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2018-03-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-05-02
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-04-17
    Changes: Data collection, Structure summary
  • Version 1.3: 2019-05-29
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary