5NWS

Crystal structure of saAcmM involved in actinomycin biosynthesis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.23 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Ketonization of Proline Residues in the Peptide Chains of Actinomycins by a 4-Oxoproline Synthase.

Semsary, S.Crnovcic, I.Driller, R.Vater, J.Loll, B.Keller, U.

(2018) Chembiochem 19: 706-715

  • DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201700666
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5NWS

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • X-type actinomycins (Acms) contain 4-hydroxyproline (Acm X 0 ) or 4-oxoproline (Acm X 2 ) in their β-pentapeptide lactone rings, whereas their α ring contains proline. We demonstrate that these Acms are formed through asymmetric condensation of Acm half molecules (Acm halves) containing proline with 4-hydroxyproline- or 4-oxoproline-containing Acm halves ...

    X-type actinomycins (Acms) contain 4-hydroxyproline (Acm X 0 ) or 4-oxoproline (Acm X 2 ) in their β-pentapeptide lactone rings, whereas their α ring contains proline. We demonstrate that these Acms are formed through asymmetric condensation of Acm half molecules (Acm halves) containing proline with 4-hydroxyproline- or 4-oxoproline-containing Acm halves. In turn, we show-using an artificial Acm half analogue (PPL 1) with proline in its peptide chain-their conversion into the 4-hydroxyproline- and 4-oxoproline-containing Acm halves, PPL 0 and PPL 2, in mycelial suspensions of Streptomyces antibioticus. Two responsible genes of the Acm X biosynthetic gene cluster of S. antibioticus, saacmM and saacmN, encoding a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (Cyp) and a ferredoxin were identified. After coexpression in Escherichia coli, their gene products converted PPL 1 into PPL 0 and PPL 2 in vivo as well as in situ in permeabilized cell of the transformed E. coli strain in conjunction with the host-encoded ferredoxin reductase in a NADH (NADPH)-dependent manner. saAcmM has high sequence similarity to the Cyp107Z (Ema) family of Cyps, which can convert avermectin B1 into its keto derivative, 4''-oxoavermectin B1. Determination of the structure of saAcmM reveals high similarity to the Ema structure but with significant differences in residues decorating their active sites, which defines saAcmM and its orthologues as a distinct new family of peptidylprolineketonizing Cyp.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Chemie, Biologische Chemie, Technische Universität Berlin, Müller-Breslau-Strasse 10, 10623, Berlin, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
saAcmMA435Streptomyces antibioticusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AFM16_36390
UniProt
Find proteins for A0A1S9NIH4 (Streptomyces antibioticus)
Explore A0A1S9NIH4 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A1S9NIH4
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A], C [auth A]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.23 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 79.254α = 90
b = 129.539β = 90
c = 111.611γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2018-01-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-04-18
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-10-16
    Changes: Data collection