5NSR

Cryo-EM structure of RNA polymerase-sigma54 holo enzyme with promoter DNA closed complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.80 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structures of RNA Polymerase Closed and Intermediate Complexes Reveal Mechanisms of DNA Opening and Transcription Initiation.

Glyde, R.Ye, F.Darbari, V.C.Zhang, N.Buck, M.Zhang, X.

(2017) Mol Cell 67: 106-116.e4

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2017.05.010
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5NSS, 5NSR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Gene transcription is carried out by RNA polymerases (RNAPs). For transcription to occur, the closed promoter complex (RPc), where DNA is double stranded, must isomerize into an open promoter complex (RPo), where the DNA is melted out into a transcription bubble and the single-stranded template DNA is delivered to the RNAP active site ...

    Gene transcription is carried out by RNA polymerases (RNAPs). For transcription to occur, the closed promoter complex (RPc), where DNA is double stranded, must isomerize into an open promoter complex (RPo), where the DNA is melted out into a transcription bubble and the single-stranded template DNA is delivered to the RNAP active site. Using a bacterial RNAP containing the alternative σ 54 factor and cryoelectron microscopy, we determined structures of RPc and the activator-bound intermediate complex en route to RPo at 3.8 and 5.8 Å. Our structures show how RNAP-σ 54 interacts with promoter DNA to initiate the DNA distortions required for transcription bubble formation, and how the activator interacts with RPc, leading to significant conformational changes in RNAP and σ 54 that promote RPo formation. We propose that DNA melting is an active process initiated in RPc and that the RNAP conformations of intermediates are significantly different from that of RPc and RPo.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Section of Structural Biology, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK. Electronic address: xiaodong.zhang@imperial.ac.uk.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit alphaAB329Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoApezphssezb3295JW3257
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P0A7Z4 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P0A7Z4
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit betaC1342Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoBgroNnitBrifronstlstvtabDb3987JW3950
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P0A8V2 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta'D1407Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoCtabBb3988JW3951
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P0A8T7 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit omegaE91Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoZb3649JW3624
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P0A800 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RNA polymerase sigma-54 factor,RNA polymerase sigma-54 factor,RNA polymerase sigma-54 factor,RNA polymerase sigma-54 factor,RNA polymerase sigma-54 factor,RNA polymerase sigma-54 factor,RNA polymerase sigma-54 factorM573Klebsiella pneumoniaeMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoNSAMEA3531867_02981
Find proteins for P06223 (Klebsiella oxytoca)
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Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
Non-Template promoter DNAF63Klebsiella pneumoniae
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Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
Template DNA promoterG63Klebsiella pneumoniae
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.80 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research CouncilUnited KingdomBB/N007816
Wellcome TrustUnited KingdomWT/098412

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-06-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-07-19
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-08-02
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 1.3: 2019-12-11
    Changes: Other