First Bromodomain (BD1) from Candida albicans Bdf1 bound to a dibenzothiazepinone (compound 3)

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.214 

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Selective BET bromodomain inhibition as an antifungal therapeutic strategy.

Mietton, F.Ferri, E.Champleboux, M.Zala, N.Maubon, D.Zhou, Y.Harbut, M.Spittler, D.Garnaud, C.Courcon, M.Chauvel, M.d'Enfert, C.Kashemirov, B.A.Hull, M.Cornet, M.McKenna, C.E.Govin, J.Petosa, C.

(2017) Nat Commun 8: 15482-15482

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15482
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5N13, 5N15, 5N16, 5N17, 5N18

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Invasive fungal infections cause significant morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised individuals, posing an urgent need for new antifungal therapeutic strategies. Here we investigate a chromatin-interacting module, the bromodomain (BD) from the BET family of proteins, as a potential antifungal target in Candida albicans, a major human fungal pathogen. We show that the BET protein Bdf1 is essential in C. albicans and that mutations inactivating its two BDs result in a loss of viability in vitro and decreased virulence in mice. We report small-molecule compounds that inhibit C. albicans Bdf1 with high selectivity over human BDs. Crystal structures of the Bdf1 BDs reveal binding modes for these inhibitors that are sterically incompatible with the human BET-binding pockets. Furthermore, we report a dibenzothiazepinone compound that phenocopies the effects of a Bdf1 BD-inactivating mutation on C. albicans viability. These findings establish BET inhibition as a promising antifungal therapeutic strategy and identify Bdf1 as an antifungal drug target that can be selectively inhibited without antagonizing human BET function.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Institut de Biosciences et Biotechnologies de Grenoble, Laboratoire Biologie à Grande Échelle, Université de Grenoble Alpes, CEA, Inserm, 38000 Grenoble, France.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Bromodomain-containing factor 1
A, B
138Candida albicansMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BDF1CaO19.8593CaO19.978
Find proteins for Q5A4W8 (Candida albicans (strain SC5314 / ATCC MYA-2876))
Explore Q5A4W8 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5A4W8
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ5A4W8
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
8FK Binding MOAD:  5N17 Kd: 4800 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.214 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.413α = 90
b = 70.413β = 90
c = 124.169γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
French National Research AgencyFranceANR-14-CE16-0027-01

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-05-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-06-07
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 1.2: 2017-09-06
    Changes: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.3: 2024-01-17
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Refinement description